How does materialism explain existence? What is nanotechnology?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,


Everybody who is involved in science seriously, no matter in which branch, will read this writing on the door of the temple of science: “Believe!” Belief is a quality that a scientist cannot give up." Max Planck

According to the hypothesis of materialism called eternity of matter, materialism regarded matter as the basis and dealt with abstract knowledge based on it; it tried to explain existence by attributing divinity to causes and laws of nature. The science of quantum and the fact that the universe that started to expand with the “Big Bang” would end one day upset the theoretical basis of materialism because there is no point in going to perfection in a finite, temporary and ultimately perishable structure.

In order to understand the invisible universe and the invisible universe, it is necessary to present evidence to the unknown acting upon the information that is known. The quantum realm has given us new information about the invisible universe; let us remember it quickly.

1.2.1.What is Nanotechnology?

Before nanotechnology, let us briefly mention the quantum physics, which led to this new technology. Quantum theory is a physics theory that explains the energy in atomic phenomena.

When the word quantum is used alone, it refers to a small portion of the energy that a system can change. For example, photon is the quantum of electromagnetic radiation. Quantum theory explains in mathematical terms that energy is not continuous and has levels, and that those levels may change in small steps. For instance, the movement of electrons around the nucleus in their own orbits in an atom, black matter’s emitting heat in small amounts (Max Planck’s discovery of black-body radiation), photon’s electromagnetic radiation (Bohr theory), photoelectricity and the atomic spectrum can be explained by quantum theory. The studies on quantum theory are as follows: Planck’s radiation theory, wave and particle theory, atomic spectrum, wave mechanics, matrix mechanics, uncertainty principle.1

Nanotechnology is the science of controlling matter at subatomic levels.

Quantum theory is a physics theory that explains the energy in atomic phenomena.

The goal of Nanotechnology is to allow the molecules to be arranged by divine permission, without the human hand being involved.

Nanotechnology is the science of controlling matter at subatomic levels. Nanotechnology works on the techniques of producing, searching and benefiting from extremely small structural materials. The word “nano” is derived from Greek and also means “dwarf”. A nanometer (nm) is one billionth of a meter, one millionth of a millimeter; it corresponds to the thickness of one thousandth of a human strand of hair. This term of length is used to describe the smallest distances within atoms and molecules. The purposeful structuring of atomic materials and the exploitation of such small structures have led to new opportunities in many areas. Some of those areas are Energy, Environmental Technology, Information Technology, Medicine, Pharmacy. etc. There is no limit between chemistry, biology and physics at the atomic level. Everything is combined in a cross-cutting technology, which means all boundaries will be eliminated in many branches. Nanotechnology manipulates molecules with electric current, magnetism and chemistry, allowing them to take a regular shape on their own. Nature itself is an example here like cells and their duties. In that case, the goal of Nanotechnology is to allow the molecules to be arranged by divine permission, without the human hand being involved.2

Nanotechnology has already been used in daily life. Carbon tubes are used in various surgical operations. Self-cleaning cotton fabrics were produced with nanotechnology. In addition to the fabrics that cleaned themselves when they were exposed to the sun and that did not necessitate washing, bulletproof and radiation protective fabrics were produced. This technology started to produce nano materials. The physicist Richard Feynman says, “There is a lot more space below”, indicating that there is a lot more place other than matter that is visible, that everything is not matter and that it started to be questioned.

This field of science examines matter at the nanoscale, where the effect of gravity decreases and the importance of weak forces increases. It tells us that there is a micro world in addition to the macro world but that it has different conditions. For instance, gold does not react with other substances in the macro world but it can react with other substances in the micro world in the nano system. This shows that the behavior of matter changes in the nano system. Water repellent fabric and fragrance releasing fabric can be produced thanks to nano technology.

All these developments emerged in the quantum mechanics of field theories that shook classical physics. The concepts of subatomic physics such as the uncertainty principle in quantum electrodynamics, anti-matter body, Planck’s constant, black-body radiation and wave theory entered into daily practice with nano system. According to the classical mechanical universe, when materialism questioned matter, it was essential in mechanical existence. According to materialism, which advocates the continuity of matter in the classical mechanical universe, no matter is lost and no matter is created. It is also pre-eternal and post-eternal.The classical physics, which advocated them, could not explain photoelectric and black-body radiation. Thereupon, scientists saw that the classical mechanical universe, which is the basis of materialism, was not explanatory. Thus, the concept of the eternity of matter began to be questioned in the 1920s.

*It was published earlier (ÂdemTatlı. Bilimlerin IşığındaYaratılış. 2nd impression, ÜsküdarÜniversitesiYayını no:2, Istanbul,  2017, p. 157-170).
1“KuantumTeorisi”,, (2010)
2“Nano Teknolojinedir?”,, (2009-2010)

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