Is it permissible to apply cosmetic operations like botox and dermal filling?
Cosmetic science is a sub-branch in dermatology. Is it permissible to apply cosmetic operations like botox and dermal filling?
I specialize in dermatology in Turkey. Cosmetic science is a sub-branch in dermatology. Botox, dermal filling and face lifting are methods used in rejuvenating the face. That is, the wrinkles that occur due to old age are prevented through those methods and a person feels herself younger and more beautiful. Is it permissible for me to learn the science of botox, dermal filling and face lifting and to apply it on the face, which is not regarded as a mahram part of the body, in order to make people seem younger and more beautiful? If the Messenger of Allah were alive, would he allow it? I have many believing dermatologists and they wonder about this issue. I have not been able to find sufficient information and explanation. Will you send me your view regarding the issue?
Note 1: It might be a delusion of Satan but it is said that the extraordinary things that happened during the times of the prophets can take place in the future through people’s learning and efforts. Is the issue mentioned in the question one of them? Can the rejuvenation of Zulaykha suddenly be interpreted as the wrinkles on the face being removed and the face being rejuvenated based on the advances in the science of cosmetics, which is a sub-branch of medicine? In that case, can it be said those applications on the face are permissible?
Note 2: What is the view of the Islamic scholars on the issue based on verses 118-121 of the chapter of an-Nisa?
Submitted by on Sat, 30/06/2018 - 09:03
Dear Brother / Sister,
Allah states the following in verses 118-119 of the chapter of an-Nisa:
“Allah did curse him, but he said: ‘I will take of Thy servants a portion Marked off; I will mislead them, and I will create in them false desires; I will order them to slit the ears of cattle, and to deface the (fair) nature created by Allah.’ Whoever, forsaking Allah, takes Satan for a friend, hath of a surety suffered a loss that is manifest.”
The deed that is prohibited and that makes a person who does it a sinner is to change and distort the existing natural organs by ripping and cutting them along with changing unnecessarily the organs that were created by Allah and that were not spoiled with the intervention of humans .
What is made by the deeds mentioned in the question is not rejuvenating people but making people seem different, making the appearance different without spoiling the organs, by dragging, shrinking, inflating cells, etc. without rejuvenating them. If Allah wishes, He can turn a person who is, say, eighty years old, to twenty years of age, to his youth, as a miracle but medicine has not achieved something like that yet. If it had, and if people were transformed into their youth by being saved from the handicaps of old age, it would be permissible and it would be regarded as a cure.
If “methods like botox, dermal filling and face lifting used in rejuvenating a person, especially the face” are used in order to make a man or woman seem more handsome or beautiful to his/her spouse and if the body is not given any pain when it is done, it seems permissible to me. However, it is not permissible if it is done in order to deceive a person, to fulfill one’s aim by seeming young to a person, and to seem more beautiful and different to non-mahram people.
A medical student can learn them on condition that he will pay attention to its drawbacks when he applies them in the future.
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