I make wudu, wear makeup and perform prayers after that. Is it permissible? Is it permissible to perform prayers after wearing perfume?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Wudu is not invalidated if cream is applied on the face or makeup is worn after wudu. Therefore, it is permissible to perform prayers with makeup applied after making wudu.

If the substances in the makeup are impermeable, they will prevent wudu; therefore, it is necessary to make wudu after removing those substances.

It is necessary to be careful about two issues related to performing prayers after wudu:

One of them is that there should not be any dirty and harmful matter in the substances used in makeup and cosmetics. When taking ablution, it must not prevent the water from going under it. If there is any dirty matter and if it is impermeable, prayers cannot be performed like that; it needs to be removed as soon as possible.

The second point is that if a woman puts on makeup, she should not show it to anyone except her husband and her mahram mahram people (like her son, father and brother). If she appears before mahram men like that and goes out like that, she leads them to sins.

And as for nail varnish, it is related with wudu before prayer. It is known that water has to touch the outside of the ablution organs for the validity of wudu. If the substance put on the ablution organs prevents water from touching the skin, that ablution is not valid. When nail varnish is put on the nail, it prevents water from touching the nail. For example, it is clearly stated in the fiqh books that wax prevents water from touching the skin. Ablution is not possible without removing the wax; similarly, ablution is not valid without removing the nail varnish first.

As for perfume, it is necessary to remind the following issue at first: not all alcohols are intoxicant. That is, the kinds of alcohol that “intoxicate” and mentioned as “hamr” in the Qur’an are dirty and haram. For instance, methyl alcohol, which does not have any intoxicating effect, is not in the category of haram and is not considered najis (dirty).

Elmalılı Hamdi Yazır mentions the following issues in the interpretation of the verses about “hamr” in the chapter of al-Baqara and states the following:

“Spirit, beer and similar intoxicants that are not made of grape are not permissible to drink but it cannot be claimed that they will invalidate prayer.”

As it is understood from the quotation above, according to some imams of Hanafi madhhab, the alcohol in deodorants and perfumes is not the kind of alcohol that is regarded as dirty; therefore they do not prevent performing prayers if they are applied on the clothes or the body. According to the other madhhabs like Shafii and Hanbali, they are regarded as dirty; therefore, it is necessary to wash the places that alcohol has touched before performing a prayer.

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