Do dental filling and plating prevent the validity of ghusl?
We know that it is fard to wash inside the mouth and the nose for Hanafis. Accordingly, is it obligatory for a Hanafi person to remove the filling or the plate he has in his mouth and let water go underneath while making wudu, or is his ghusl valid when the water touches the plate or the filling?
The following fatwa regarding the issue is present in the fatwa book called “İlâveli Mecmua-i Cedîde” (New Periodical with Supplements), prepared by a committee of scholars headed by Nuri Efendi, head of Fatwa Committee published by Ali Murtaza, an editor of the Fatwa House:
“Zayd has to make ghusl but his teeth have cavities, which are filled with gold or silver; it is difficult to remove them; is his ghusl valid if he makes ghusl but if water does not enter the cavities of his teeth due to a necessity but touches the top part of the filling and is he regarded to have been cleaned?
The answer: Yes, it is valid.”
According to this fatwa, it is permissible to fill and cover the teeth if there is a necessity. Only the outer parts of those teeth are washed while making ghusl. It is not necessary to remove the filling and the plate and wash the inside of the tooth.
Uryanizade, one of the Sheikh-al-Islams gave fatwa that it was permissible to fill in the teeth.
Dental health has an important place in the life of man. It has been discovered by medicine that dental illnesses bring about many other diseases.
If dental filling and plating that are applied due to a necessity of the treatment are regarded as something that invalidates ghusl, many dental illness and disorders will be common in the Islamic world. The health of Muslims will be risked. Since dental filling and plating have become indispensable in dental treatment, it also has become a general problem, making an objectionable issue permissible. Therefore, filled and plated teeth do not prevent ghusl.
However, those who are overwhelmed by delusions and those who want to act in accordance with taqwa can make intention as Shafiis. As it is known, it is not fard but sunnah to wash the inside of the mouth and the nose for Shafiis.
When it is impossible for water to enter inside the filled and plated teeth, it is no longer obligatory to wash them because they are not applied for decoration or as ornaments but they are methods of treatment that are necessary. Similarly, it is not obligatory to wash under the bandage on a wound...
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