Was it rendered fard to perform fasting for thirty days (in Ramadan) in the Quran?

The Details of the Question

It is stated in the Quran that fasting is fard for Muslims but it is not stated which fasting. How was Ramadan fasting rendered fard? Are there any verses in the Quran stating that it is necessary to fast for thirty days? Or, is it stated in hadiths?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

It is rendered fard in the Quran for Muslims to fast in the month of Ramadan. In the Quran, fasting was rendered fard as a month, not as days. Twenty-nine days or thirty days is not mentioned in the Quran; the month of Ramadan (Shahru Ramadan) is mentioned.

"(Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (Should be made up) from days later. For those who can do it (With hardship), is a ransom, the feeding of one that is indigent. But he that will give more, of his own free will,- it is better for him. And it is better for you that ye fast, if ye only knew.

Ramadhan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur´an, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (Between right and wrong). So every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting, but if any one is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed period (Should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every facility for you; He does not want to put to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful." (al-Baqara, 2/184-185)

As it is seen in the verses above, it was rendered fard to perform fasting in Ramadan.

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