Can ransom (fidyah) for fasting be given to a charity organization?

Details of the Question

Can ransom (fidyah) for fasting be given to a charity organization?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Fidyah (ransom) can be given to all of those to whom zakah can be given.

There is no religious drawback to giving zakah, fitrah and fidyah for fasting to the associations, institutions and charity organizations that collect zakah, fitrah and fidyah for fasting in a fund, that are known to give them onlyto those mentioned in verse 60 of the chapter of at-Tawba and that are directed by trustworthy people

A person who can perform fasting cannot be relieved of the responsibility of fasting by giving fidyah; he has to perform fasting for each day that he has not performed fasting in Ramadan.

A Muslim who is too old to perform fasting gives fidyah for each day that he has not performed fasting. This money replaces fasting. The amount of fidyah is the same as the amount of fitrah.

The fidyah (ransom) about fasting was determined by a verse:

"(Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill or on a journey, the prescribed number (should be made up) from days later. For those who can do it (with hardship) is a ransom, the feeding of one that is indigent..." (al-Baqara, 2/184).

As it is understood from the clear expression of the verse, fidyah for fasting is paid due to an excuse like illness and old age when it is impossible to perform fasting even after Ramadan. If a person gives fidyah but gets well enough to perform fasting afterwards, he has to perform fasting for the days he has missed even if he has given fidyah. In that case, if such a person dies before performing fasting, he has to tell his inheritors to pay fidyah for him. If he dies before getting well enough to perform fasting, the fidyah he has given is enough; he does not have to tell his inheritors to pay fidyah for him.

The amount of fidyah is the same as the amount of fitrah determined for that year.

Very old people whose impotence and weakness increase day by day and who are unlikely to get well and people with incurable diseases have to give fidyah for each fard and wajib fasting.

One fidyah -as it is stated in the verse- is to feed one person for a day. There are two meals in a day. Fidyahs can be given to one poor person or to more than one. It can be given at the beginning or end of the month of Ramadan. It is possible two feed the poor people in the morning and evening - two meals a day - or to give the equivalent money to the poor. The money can be given as a whole or every day separately.

Accordingly, you can give the fidyah of two months to any people that zakah can be given.  

If a person who cannot perform fasting is not rich enough to give fidyah, what he needs to do is to ask forgiveness from Allah. He is relieved of the responsibility of giving fidyah.

for more information, please click on the link given below;

To whom is zakah given? What are the people and places that zakah can be given? Is it appropriate to give zakah to associations, charity organizations, Quran schools, students and student hostels?

Questions on Islam

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