What kind of time problem does evolution have in terms of time dependence of biochemical reactions?
Submitted by on Sat, 04/07/2020 - 12:18
Dear Brother / Sister,
10.4.2- The problem of time in evolution in terms of time dependence of biochemical reactions
The change in the amount of one of the reactants or products that occur as a result of the reaction is called the rate of reaction. Every reaction has a rate. In a chemical reaction, the measurement of the progression of the reaction over time is the rate of that reaction and is called chemical kinetics.
Chemical kinetics is one of the fields of chemistry that gives information about how a reaction works, how fast it proceeds, with which mechanism it works, and which factors affect its rate. There is always a term (t) in chemical kinetic equations.1
In chemical reactions in inanimate nature, the term time can be seconds, years or even centuries. In biochemical reactions, it usually corresponds to third and smaller time terms because every living being has a life span that includes a certain and short time limit, and a certain and very limited time required for the realization of the biochemical reactions that have an importance place in the continuation of their life.
If the reactions in living beings did not occur quickly, that is, in a very short time, the vital needs of the cell, especially the energy and defense system, could not be met and cell integrity would be disrupted.
Enzymes are activated to accelerate these chemical reactions in life. If it were not for the enzymes, living beings would be able to perform even the simplest looking activities like breathing over a period of hundreds of years. It can even be said that if there were no enzymes, there would be no life because at least 3000 different reactions are performed in a cell at the same time..2
If the reactions in living beings did not occur quickly, that is, in a very short time, the vital needs of the cell, especially the energy and defense system, could not be met and cell integrity would be disrupted. In addition, the factors disrupting biochemical reactions would prevail and the desired products would not be obtained from the reaction.
For example, as a natural consequence of oxygenated respiration, chemical radicals such as superoxide, which will be an element of oxidative stress, emerge.3
Evolutionists’ claims regarding the time dimension in living beings are not scientific, but ideological.
As for those radical compounds, they have the potential to destroy vital components in the cell, particularly DNA and proteins. However, since the defense system to neutralize these radicals is placed in the cell, these harmful effects are often suppressed. When these radical compounds cannot be suppressed, they become the main cause of many diseases, especially cancer.
It is stated that 10,000 radical attacks per day occur only in one cell. However, these attacks are prevented by enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase, and if the attack is successful, DNA repair enzymes are activated and the harmful effects are eliminated.4
What is the life span of a cell?
If we accept that this defense system was developed over millions of years as evolutionists claim, how can we explain the cell’s survival and its ability to transfer itself soundly from generation to generation? How and with what means did a being with a very short life span manage to protect itself from the attacks that took place ten thousand times a day? Did a miracle take place? Or, was it brought into existence with those defense systems?
The most reasonable, logical and scientific approach is definitely the creation of the cell together with defense enzymes as a manifestation of mercy and wisdom. We can think of this approach for each of the three thousand different reactions within the cell because all life is based on biochemical reactions. Therefore, evolutionists’ claims regarding the time dimension in living beings are not scientific, but ideological. It cannot be expected that these evolutionist claims, which have no basis in biochemistry, may have come true. If it is expected, it is necessary to attribute extraordinary powers to nature and to believe in the concept of miracle. However, the evolutionist view wants to escape from ‘believing in something miraculous’. Sadly enough, the evolutionist view fell into the thing from which it escaped, and became a means of a bigoted system of faith while trying to escape believing.
1.F. Acartürk, Reaksiyon Kinetiği ve Stabilite, in: Mod. Farmasötik Teknol., 2007.
2.B. Alberts, the cell as a collection of protein machines: Preparing the next generation of molecular biologists, Cell. (1998). doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(00)80922-8.
3.S. Emen, B. Çeken, G. Kizil, M. Kizil, Dna damage protecting activity and in vitro antioxidant potential of the methanol extract of cyclotrichium niveum, Pharm. Biol. 47 (2009) 219–229. doi:10.1080/13880200802435903
4.J. Emerit, M. Edeas, F. Bricaire, Neurodegenerative diseases and oxidative stress, Biomed. Pharmacother. (2004). doi:10.1016/j.biopha.2003.11.004; A.H.V. Schapira, Oxidative stress in Parkinson’s disease, Neuropathol. Appl. Neurobiol. (1995). doi:10.1111/j.1365-2990.1995.tb01022.x; E. Birben, U.M. Sahiner, C. Sackesen, S. Erzurum, O. Kalayci, Oxidative stress and antioxidant defense, World Allergy Organ. J. (2012). doi:10.1097/WOX.0b013e3182439613; L.A. Pham-Huy, H. He, C. Pham-Huy, Free radicals, antioxidants in disease and health, Int. J. Biomed. Sci. (2008). doi:10.1073/pnas.0804252105
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