What does the nucleotide metabolism that occurs in human body being done by a secret hand mean?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Nucleic Acids

            When we think of living beings, nucleic acids come to mind because nucleic acids are the key molecules of life and are existent in all living beings. These structures contain genetic information in living beings and are a source of information for protein synthesis. Nucleic acids are polymers that are made up of nucleotide units chemically. DNAs in human chromosomes are derived from millions of nucleotides. Each nucleotide unit consists of three parts:

            1) An organic base with nitrogen

            2) A pentose sugar with five carbons

            3) A phosphate group.

            Bases are divided into two as pyrimidine and purine.

            Nucleotides also have a sugar group along with the bases mentioned above. This sugar unit is ribose in Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) and Deoxyribose, which has one oxygen missing, in Deoxyribonucleic Acid. Base and sugar units form nucleoside structures.1

            Ribonucleotide (RNA) and Deoxyribose Nucleotide (DNA) units form when nucleoside units combine with phosphate groups.

            Nucleic Acids (RNA and DNA molecule chains) form when more than one nucleotide unit come together.

Figure 3.  The schematic structure of an RNA chain.2

            RNA chains consist of single polynucleotide chains. DNA Molecules consist of the chain of two polynucleotide chains, which bind to each other to produce the helical structure. RNA chains consist of single polynucleotide chains. This helical structure forms as a result of the matching of the nucleotide bases on the two DNA chains like Adenine-Thymine (A-T) and Guanine-Cytosine (G-C). During these matches, H bonds are formed between the bases; and the two polynucleotide chains of the DNA are held together thanks to these bonds. The formation of a different number of H bonds between different bases causes the formation of the helical structure of the DNA molecule.3

            In a system called nucleotide metabolism in living organisms, DNA, which is a genetic material, and RNA molecules, which are involved in protein synthesis, are made and destroyed any time based on the need

            A chemist with knowledge, will and power is necessary for the construction of even table salt (NaCl), which is the simplest compound, in a laboratory.

Similarly, a being with knowledge, will and power is necessary for the carbon (C), Hydrogen (H), Nitrogen (N), Oxygen (O) and Phosphorus (P) atoms to combine to form base, sugar and phosphate units in living beings and for these units to join together to give nucleotide structure and for nucleotides to form polynucleotide chains by linking to each other with ester bonds and for these polynucleotide chains to form the double helix structure by binding with H bonds.

            Although human beings have the most knowledge, will and power among living beings, they cannot interfere with the nucleotide metabolism that occurs even in their own bodies; and if these events occur outside their own knowledge, will and power, it means they are done by a secret hand. This secret hand can only be Allah, who has absolute knowledge, will and power. All these deeds are carried out by His knowledge, will and power.

                                                    

Figure 4. The schematic shape of double DNA chain helix.4

1.Donald Voet, Judith G. Voet, Biochemistry, 1995.
2. http://www.uic.edu/classes/phys/phys461/phys450/ANJUM04/
3. David L. Nelson and Michael M. Cox, Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry, 2005.
4. http://www.forbes.com/sites/matthewherper/2013/05/31/turning-found-dna-into-portraits-what-an-imagination/

Questions on Islam

In order to make a comment, please login or register