Will you please explain the ruling "it is fard to sit long enough to recite the dua (prayer) of at-tahiyyat in the last sitting (Qa'da al-Akhira) of prayer"? Is man obliged to sit in silence for a while in the last sitting of prayer?

The Details of the Question
Will you please explain the ruling "it is fard to sit long enough to recite the dua (prayer) of at-tahiyyat in the last sitting (Qa'da al-Akhira) of prayer"? Is man obliged to sit in silence for a while in the last sitting of prayer?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Sitting long enough to recite tashahhud at the end of prayers is a fard of the prayer and its rukn (part). This is called (Qa'da al-Akhira) (last sitting). The single sitting in two-rak'ah prayers is also called (Qa'da al-Akhira), for instance, the one in fajr (morning) prayer.

What is meant by sitting long enough to recite tashahhud is a length of time enough to recite "at-tahiyyat". It is fard for the person to wait long enough to recite the prayer of at-tahiyyat in the last sitting. It is also wajib (obligatory) to recite at-tahiyyat at this stage. It is sunnah to recite the prayers of Salli and Barik. The prayer of a person is valid even though he does not recite at-tahiyyat and other duas during this waiting stage but he is considered to have sinned and abandoned wajib as he did not recite at-tahiyyat.

What is meant by waiting long enough to recite at-tahiyyat does not mean to wait for a while and then to start reciting the prayer of at-tahiyyat. The prayer of at-tahiyyat can be recited immediately after sitting in the prayer.

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