Will the language of Paradise be Arabic? Will Arabic be spoken in the hereafter? If so, is there a verse or hadith indicating this?

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Will the language of Paradise be Arabic? Will Arabic be spoken in the hereafter? If so, is there a verse or hadith indicating this?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

The following hadith is reported from Ibn Abbas in Imam Munawi's book called Faydul-Qadir:

"Love Arabs due to three properties: I am Arab; the Quran was sent down in Arabic; the language of the people of Paradise is Arabic." (1)

Arabic is the most beautiful language of the world in terms of rhetoric, literature, fluency and richness. In addition, it has a different place among the other languages in terms of sound, harmony and sentence structure. Allah Almighty sent down the Quran, His word, in Arabic. The Prophet (pbuh) spoke this language, the language of his own nation. 

Some verses support the hadith above: 

"With it (the Quran) came down the Spirit of Faith and Truth―To thy heart and mind, that thou mayest admonish in the perspicuous Arabic tongue." (2)

"We sent not a messenger except (to teach) in the language of his (own) people, in order to make (things) clear to them." (3)

The verse above states that Hz. Muhammad (pbuh) conveyed the message of Allah to his nation, Arabs, in their own language. 

Yes, since the language of the Quran and the language of the Prophet Muhammad is Arabic, the language of Paradise will definitely be Arabic. Hz. Adam used to speak Arabic in Paradise before he was sent down to the world. Besides, this language is the language of some other prophets. For instance, Hz. Nuh, Hz. Hud, Hz. Ismail, Hz. Salih, Hz. Shuayb spoke Arabic, too.

Besides, Imam Qastalani reports the following hadith from Hz. Aisha: "The people of Paradise will speak the language of Muhammad (pbuh)." (4)

Although it is definite by the hadith above and the narration of Hz. Aisha that the language of Paradise is Arabic, Badiuzzaman Said Nursi writes the following statement while explaining, in his book called Mektubat, the wisdom behind a fatwa of Abu Hanifa's:  

"According to one narration, it refers only to translations into Persian, which is supposed to be a language of the people of Paradise." (5)

When the expressions above are considered together with the last statement, it will probably not wrong to reach the following conclusion: Essentially, the language of Paradise is Arabic but Persian can also be spoken. That is, Allah Almighty can create both languages as the languages of Paradise.

The phrase "love Arabs" in the hadith should not be understood as something absolute. For, there are non-Muslims and atheists among Arabs. Being a member of the Arab nation and speaking Arabic are not enough to love them. What is meant by the phrase in the hadith is Arabs who are Muslims, who practice the religion of Islam and who follow the Messenger of Allah. They are already our brothers in religion. We love them as our brothers in religion but they deserve to be loved more than the other nations since they speak the language of the Quran, the Messenger of Allah and Paradise and they were the first people to spread Islam and serve Islam. 

Footnotes:

1. Faydul-Qadir, 1:178 Hadith no: 225.
2. ash-Suara, 193-195.
3. Ibrahim, 4.
4. Mawahib al-Ladunniya , 1:276.
5. Mektubat, p. 406.

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