When did Hz. Adam find out about Hz. Muhammad? When did he first see the name of our Prophet?

The Details of the Question
When did Hz. Adam find out about Hz. Muhammad? When did he first see the name of our Prophet?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

-Hz. Umar narrates: The Prophet (pbuh) said,

“When Hz. Adam made that mistake, he prayed Allah as follows: ‘O Lord! I ask You to forgive me for the sake of Muhammad.’ Allah said to him, ‘O Adam! How did you find out about the name of Muhammad?’ Hz. Adam said, ‘O Lord! When you created me and blew into me from Your spirit, I looked up. I saw that “La ilaha illallah, Muhammadun rasulullah (There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is His Messenger)” was written on the columns of the Arsh (Throne); and I understood that the person whose name You wrote with Your name is the most beloved one to you among Your creatures. Thereupon, Allah said, ‘O Adam! You have told the truth. He is definitely the most beloved one to me among my creatures. I have forgiven you since you asked your forgiveness for his sake. Know it very well that, but for him I would not have created you.” The hadith was reported by Bayhaqi, Tabarani and Hakim. (see Hakim, Mustadrak, II/615; Suyuti, ad-Durru'l-Mansur, 1/116. Yusuf Nabhani, Hujjatullahi ala’l-alamin, p. 210)

Besides, it is stated in various narrations describing Hz. Adam's repentance and its acceptance that Hz. Adam saw the writing " La ilaha illallah, Muhammadun rasulullah" all around Paradise when he was in Paradise. (Hakim, Mustadrak, ibid; Qadi Iyad, Shifa, 1/138)

According to us, there is no contradiction in these narrations. For, Hz. Adam's seeing the name of Muhammad both on the Throne when he was created and in other places in Paradise is not a contradiction. However, he first saw the name of Muhammad when he was created and he saw it again in Paradise. (for more detailed information regarding the issue, see Mawahib al-Ladunniyya, p., 2-3./Ottoman)

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