Will you give information about Hz. Ishaq (Isaac)?

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Will you give information about Hz. Ishaq (Isaac)?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Hz. Ishaq (Isaac) is Hz. Ibrahim's second son; his mother is Hz. Sara.

Hz. Sara did not have any children; therefore, she gave Hagar, her female slave, to her husband as a present. When Hz. Hagar gave birth to Hz. Ismail, Hz. Sara became sad. Ishaq was born as a grace and miracle of Allah when Hz. Ibrahim was one hundred and twenty years old and Hz. Sara was ninety years old. (see Hakim, Mustadrak, XI/556)

This issue is narrated as follows: in the Quran:

"There came Our Messengers to Abraham with glad tidings. They said 'Peace!' He answered 'Peace!' and hastened to entertain them with a roasted calf. But when he saw their hands went not towards the (meal) he felt some mistrust of them, and conceived a fear of them. They said: 'Fear not: we have been sent against the people of Lut.' And his wife was standing (there), and she laughed: but We gave her glad tidings of Isaac, and after him of Jacob. She said: 'Alas for me! Shall I bear a child, seeing I am an old woman, and my husband here is an old man? That would indeed be a wonderful thing!' They said: 'Dost thou wonder at Allah's decree? The grace of Allah and His blessings on you, O ye people of the house! For He is indeed worthy of all praise, full of all glory!'" (Hud, 11 /69-73)

The appearance of Hz. Ishaq described in the books of history is as follows:

He was tall and wheat-skinned; he had black eyes and a beautiful face. His speech was nice; his hair and beard was white. He resembled his father, Ibrahim. (Hakim, Mustadrak, 11, 557)

Hz. Ishaq had two sons called Ays (Is) and Yaqub (Jacob). Yaqub’s face was more beautiful; he spoke more fluently; he was more elegant and good-looking. Ays lived in the region were the Byzantines lived. (Hakim, Mustadrak, l l, 557)

Hz. Ishaq is praised in the Quran:

"And commemorate Our servants Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, possessors of Power and Vision. Verily We did chose them for a special (purpose)--- remembrance of the Hereafter. They were, in Our sight, truly, of the company of the Elect and the Good." (Sad, 38/45-47)

After the death of his father, Hz. Ishaq was appointed as a prophet in the region of Damascus. Allah made him a good and distinguished person.

"And We gave him the good news of Isaac― a prophet― one of the Righteous. We blessed him and Isaac: but of their progeny are (some) that do right, and (some) that obviously do wrong, to their own souls." (as-Saaffat, 37/112, 113)

According to a narration, Hz. Ishaq died near Jerusalem, where Palestine is today, at the age of one hundred and sixty; he was buried next to his father, Hz. Ibrahim's grave in Mazra. (Ibnul-Athir al-Kamil fit-Tarikh, I/127)

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