Will you give information about the pedigrees of prophets and their order of coming?

Details of the Question

Will you give information about the pedigrees of prophets and their order of coming?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

1. Adam (pbuh)

2. Seth (pbuh): His father is Adam and his mother is Hawwa (Eve).

3. Idris (Enoch) (pbuh): Ancestors of Idris: Yarid b. Mahlail b. Qainan b. Anusha b. Seth b. Adam.

4. Noah (pbuh): Noah b. Lamech b. Methuselah b. Enoch (Idris) b. Yarid b. Mahlail b. Qainan b. Enoch b. Seth b. Adam

5. Hud (pbuh): Hud (Abir) b. Abdullah b. Rabah b. Khalud b. Ad, b. Aws b. Iram b. Sam b. Noah.

6. Salih (pbuh): Salih b. Ubayd b. Asif b. Masikh b. Ubayd b. Khadir b. Thamud b. Abir b. Iram b. Sam b. Noah.

7. Ibrahim (Abraham) (pbuh): Ibrahim b. Tarah (Azar) b. Nahor b. Sarug b. Rhau b. Phaleg b. Abir b. Salih b. Arpachshad b. Sam b. Noah.

8. Ismail (Ishmael) (pbuh): Ismail is the oldest son of Ibrahim born of Hagar.  

9. Ishaq (Isaac) (pbuh): Ishaq is the second son of Ibrahim born of Sarah.

10. Lot (pbuh): Lot b. Haran b. Tarah b. Nahor b. Sarug. Lot is Ibrahim's nephew, that is, his brother Haran's son.

11. Yaqub (Jacob) (pbuh): Yaqub b. Ishaq b. Ibrahim. Yakub's mother is Rebecca.

12. Yusuf (Joseph) (pbuh): Yusuf b. Yaqub b. Ishaq b. Ibrahim. Yusuf's mother is Rahil bint Laban.

13. Ayyub (Job) (pbuh): Ayyub b. Mus b. Ra'wil or Razih b. Aws b. Ishaq b. Ibrahim. Ayyub's mother was Lot's daughter.

14. Dhulkifl (pbuh): Bishr (Dhulkifl) b. Ayyub.

15. Shuayb (Jethro) (pbuh): Shuayb b. Mikail b. Yashjur b. Madyan b. Ibrahim. Shuayb's mother is Lot's daughter Mikail. Shuayb was the father-in-law of Moses (Musa) (pbuh).

16. Musa (Moses) (pbuh): Musa b. Imran b.Yashur b. Qahis b.Lawi b.Yaqub b. Ishaq b. Ibrahim. Musa b. Imran and Harun (Aaron) b. Imran were brothers. Harun was one year older than Musa.  

17. Harun (Aaron) (pbuh): He is Musa's brother.

18. Khidr (pbuh): According to a narration, the ancestors of Khidr are as follows: Balya (or Ilya) b. Milkan b. Phaleg b. Abir b. Salih b. Arpachshad b. Sam b. Noah. His father was a great king. It is narrated that he is Adam's son or one of Ays b. Ishaq's sons or son of one of those who believed in Ibrahim and who migrated from Babylonia with him or son of a Persian father; it is narrated that he lived during the time of King Afridun and Ibrahim, that he acted as a guide for Dhul-Qarnayn, that he was sent as a prophet to Sons of Israel during the time of one of their kings, Ibn Emus, that he is still alive and that he meets Elias (pbuh) every year during the season of hajj.

19. Yusha (pbuh): Yusha' b. Nun b. Efraim b. Yusuf b. Yaqub b. Ishaq b. Ibrahim.

20. Kalib b. Yufana (pbuh): Kalib b. Yufana b. Bariz (Fariz) b. Yahuza b. Yaqub b. Ishaq b. Ibra­him. Kalib b. Yufana was the husband of Maryam, Musa's sister, or the son-in-law of Moses.  

21. Hizqil (pbuh): Hizqil b. Nuri. When Hizqil's mother got too old to give birth to a child, she asked Allah to give her a child and she was granted Hizqil. Therefore, Hizqil was known as the son of the old woman.  

22. Ilyas (Elias) (pbuh): Ilyas b. Yasin b. Finhas b. Ayzar b. Harun b. Imran.

23. Alyasa (pbuh): Alyasa' b. Akhtub b. Adiyy b. Shutlem b. Efraim b.Yusuf  b.Yaqub b. Ishaq b. Ibrahim. It is also said that Alyasa is the cousin of Ilyas.  

24. Yunus (pbuh): Yunus b. Matta came from the sons of Bunyamin b. Yaqub b. Ishaq b. Ibrahim. Matta was his mother. None of the prophets except Yunus b. Matta and Isa b. Maryam were called after their mothers.  

25. Shamuyel (Samuel) (pbuh): Shamuyel b. Bali b. Alqama b. Yerham b. Yehu b.Tehu  b. Sawf. Shamuyel was from Sons of Israel and a descendant of Harun. Shamuyel's mother was Hannah and belonged to the family of Lawi b.Yaqub.

26. Dawud (David) (pbuh): Dawud b. Isha comes from Yahuza b.Yaqub  b. Ishaq b. Ibrahim.

27. Sulayman (Solomon) (pbuh): Sulayman is Dawud b. Isha's son and comes from Yahuza b.Yaqub  b. Ishaq b. Ibrahim.

28. Luqman (pbuh): Luqman b. Saran b. Murid, b Sawun. Luqman lived in the time of Dawud. He belonged to the Egyptian tribe of Nub. He was from the people of Madyan and Ayka. He was a slave of a man from Sons of Israel; Luqman was freed by him and given some property.

29. Sha'ya (pbuh): Sha'ya b. Emus or Emsiya.

30. Irmiya (pbuh): Irmiya b. Hilqiya comes from Harun b. Imran, who comes from Lawi b. Yaqub.

31. Danyal (Daniel) (pbuh): Danyal b. Hizqil al-Asgar was from the descendants of prophets. He came from Sulayman b. Dawud.

32. Uzayr (Ezra) (pbuh): Uzayr b. Jarwa is a descendant of Harun.

33. Dhul-Qarnayn (pbuh): There are various narrations about the name and ancestors of Dhul-Qarnayn, and whether he is a prophet or not. There are contradictory narrations about him. It is stated that he is Sa'b b. Abdullah al-Qahtani; it is also claimed that he is of Himyaris.

When Ibn Habib wrote the names of Himyar kings beginning from Hisham b. Kalbi in his book, he said Sa'b b. Qarin b. Hamal was called as Dhul-Qarnayn in the book of Allah; he also wrote the king Zayd b. Hamal and said that Allah called him Tubba'.

Some scholars say,"Dhul-Qarnayn was both a nabi and a rasul." Others say, "He was a nabi, not a rasul. Inshaallah it is true that he is a nabi, not a rasul." According to Hz. Ali, he was neither a nabi nor a king. He was a righteous slave of Allah. Allah loved him and he loved Allah.

34. Zakariyya (Zacharias) (pbuh): Zakariyya is descended from b Barahya, Sulayman b. Dawud and to Yahuza b. Yaqub.

35. Yahya (John) (pbuh): Yahya is Zakariyya's son.

36. Isa (Jesus) (pbuh): He isHz. Maryam's son; he was born without a father as a miracle. Hz. Maryam's father was Imran b. Masan and was descended from Hub'um b. Sulayman.

37. Hz. Muhammad (pbuh): Muhammad b. Abdullah b. Abdulmuttalib b. Hashim b. Abdi Manaf b. Qusayy b. Kilab b. Murra b. Ka'b b. Luay b. Ghalib b. Fihr b. Malik b. Nadr b. Kinana b. Huzayma b. Mudrika b. Ilyas b. Mudar b. Nizar b. Maadd b. Adnan. All resources agree on the names of the ancestors of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) up to Adnan and that Adnan is descended from Ismail b. Ibrahim. 

Reference: Peygamberler Tarihi, M. Asım Köksal

Questions on Islam

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