Is it makruh to start to perform the sunnah prayer on Friday while the second adhan is being called?

Details of the Question

We know that it is makruh to perform sunnah and nafilah prayers while the sermon is being delivered according to Hanafis. Is it also makruh to start to perform the sunnah prayer on Friday while the second adhan is being called and before the sermon starts?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

According to Hanafis and Malikis, a person who enters the mosque on Friday after the preacher starts the sermon cannot perform any prayers including tahiyyatu’l-masjid (greeting the mosque); according to Shafiis and Hanbalis, he can performtahiyyatu’l-masjid, keeping it short.

Therefore, according to Hanafis and Malikis, a person cannot start a prayer after the imam starts the sermon. If the imam has started the sermon when a person enters the mosque on Friday, he needs to listen to the sermon first and perform the first sunnah of the Friday prayer immediately after the fard of the Friday prayer or after the last sunnah.

That is, what is meant by the sermon is not the imam's being on the pulpit but starting to deliver the sermon. Therefore, it is not makruh to start to perform a prayer while the second adhan is being called.

If the preacher starts the sermon after a person starts to perform a nafilah prayer, that person needs to abandon the prayer if he has not performed prostrations. If he has performed prostrations, he finishes the prayer quickly after finishing the second rak'ah. (al-Qinya / Aburraja) He performs the sunnah he has not been able to perform or has not completed after the fard of the Friday prayer.

When the sermon is delivered, the congregation must listen to it without being busy with anything else. It is makruh tahrimi to speak or to tell someone who is talking to keep silent or to perform a prayer. It is makruh for those listening to the sermon to look at both sides. (al-Fatawa al-Hindiyya, Beirut, 1400,1,146, 147).

The evidence of the view of Hanafis is the following hadith:

Abu Hurayra (ra) narrates: The Prophet (pbuh) said,

“If you say "keep silent" to your friend while the sermon is being delivered on Friday, you will do something useless.” (Bukhari, Jumua 36; Muslim, Jumua 11-12)

Shafiis and Hanbalis say it is permissible to perform a two-rak'ah prayer (tahiyyatu’l-masjid) even if the sermon is being delivered acting upon the following hadith:

Jabir b. Abdillah (ra) said, “While the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) was delivering the sermon on Friday, a man came. He asked the man, “Have you prayed?” He said, “No.” The Prophet said, “Stand up and perform a two-rak'ah prayer.” (Bukhari, Jumua, 33; Muslim, Jumua, 54-58)

Another narration from Hz. Jabir is as follows:

“If one of you comes to the mosque on Friday when the imam is on the pulpit, he should perform a two-rak'ah prayer.” (Muslim, Jumua, 57)

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