Submitted by on Sun, 15/08/2010 - 07:12
Dear Brother / Sister,
Fasting means not eating, drinking and not engaging in sexual activity during the time period between the time of fajr sadiq (the second/real fajr; the time of the day when there is light in the horizon before sunrise) and the sunset.
Oruç, which is the Turkish word for fasting, is borrowed from Persian. The original Persian word is “ruza” Over time, the word has changed to “oruza” and finally to “oruç”. Its Arabic equivalent is sawm and siyam.
Fasting is also called “imsak”. Imsak means keeping the soul/self away from the things it wishes and not doing them. The antonym for imsak is iftar, which means breaking the fast.
The Religious Decree of Fasting
Fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam. At the same time, it is one of the great signs of Islam. It was made fard (obligatory) in Madinah, one and a half year after the Hegira (Migration from Makkah to Madinah) and on the 10th day of the month of Shaban. Its obligation is established by the Book (the Qur'an), the Sunnah (the practice of the Prophet) and by Ijma' (consensus of the ummah/community or the ulama/scholars of Islam).
In the Qur'an, the following is stated:
“O you who believe! Prescribed for you is the Fast, as it was prescribed for those before you...” (The Qur'an, Al-Baqarah, 2:183)
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Questions on Islam
- What is fasting? What is the Religious Decree of Fasting?
- When does the time for fasting start, with imsak or adhan? Is it permissible to eat until adhan ends?
- Is it permissible to continue eating and drinking while adhan is called at suhoor and until adhan ends?
- When does Suhur end?
- Can we perform Fajr (dawn prayer) as soon as imsak time starts?
- Can the prayer of fajr be performed after the time of imsak (abstinence)? Is it necessary to wait for the adhan?
- What is imsak time? Can the morning (fajr) prayer be performed immediately after imsak?
- When does the time for fajr (morning) prayer end?
- Sexual intercourse in Ramadaan
- How did people determine the time of imsak in the past? I heard from old people that they determined the time of imsak when it became bright enough to distinguish black thread from white thread. However, it is very dark at the time of imsak.