Does Allah (SWT) show mercy and compassion only to Muslims or to all humanity? What kind of a method should we follow in order to inform about the extensity of His compassion to all humanity?

The Details of the Question
Does Allah (SWT) show mercy and compassion only to Muslims or to all humanity? What kind of a method should we follow in order to inform about the extensity of His compassion to all humanity?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

There are hundreds of thousands proofs showing that Allah (SWT) treats all humans with compassion without discriminating between Muslim s and unbelievers. He created all people out of nothing and presents the earth with thousands of benefactions to all humans just like an open buffet; He put the sun, sea, atmosphere into the service of man; these numberless benefactions are a reflection of Allah (SWT)’s compassion that covers everywhere.

Allah has dignity and greatness just as He has compassion and mercy. As His attributes that express compassion and mercy demand a merciful and compassion treatment to all people even to all living things and creatures, His attributes that express dignity and greatness demand from humans who have intelligence and free will to be respectful and thankful towards Him, just like other non-living and mindless creatures.

Allah, who is the creator of life, observes the justice of life and demands from humans to be respectful to the rights of their Lord, who offers benefactions at any moment in every aspect of life. In addition to this, although there are disrespectful attitudes towards Him, He does not deprive of the livelihood of them; this shows that He is tolerant and tender towards His slaves.

In addition to this, there are sound hadiths mentioning that Allah will forgive millions of people who deserve punishment on the Day of Judgment and will also save those who are in Hell and who have belief in the slightest degree after a while. Does this not show how compassionate Allah is?

Of course, Allah will make the unbelievers that have no slightest degree of belief and that have been  hostile to Him during their lives stay in Hell forever. This is essential in order to protect the rights of the creator’s attributes that show dignity and greatness and for the rights of the oppressed ones, prophets, their revelations and millions of verses that were refuted and disapproved by unbelievers.

It would be useful to remind some points that were given beforehand while answering a question.

Allah really loves us, if not; He would not have created us and given these benefactions for our benefit.

Any sin is a rebellion and disrespectfulness towards Allah. Is it possible to think that Allah loves inconsiderateness and inconsiderate man? 

However, it is a requirement of the test that humans were created with equipment which inclines them to commit sin. Thus, Allah takes into account under which conditions and reasons a person commits sins. For example; the sin which Hz. Adam committed because of having been deceived by his nafs (evil commanding soul) and Satan, is not the same as the sin of Satan who rebelled deliberately with arrogance. The door of repentance is opened for the former and closed for the latter.

In many verses of the Qur’an, it is mentioned who are liked by Allah and who are not. Allah evaluates individuals based on their qualities not on themselves. After all, they are all His creatures. Of course, Allah loves His art; if not, He would not have created them. However, intentional behaviors of man cause him to be loved or not. In the following verses, we can see qualities that are liked and not liked.

Allah loveth not transgressors. (al-Baqara, 2/190)

For Allah loveth those who do good. (al-Baqara, 2/195)

But Allah loveth not mischief. (al-Baqara, 2/205).

Allah loves those who turn to Him constantly and He loves those who keep themselves pure and clean. (al-Baqara, 2/222).

In the Qur’an, there are clear sentences that Allah does not love “unbelievers, seducers, dissipaters, spoilers, boasters, traitors and sinners”. On the other hand, Allah loves those who are pious, the ones who treat others fairly and who rely on Allah and the patient ones”.

A mother may sometimes show tolerance for some of the disrespectful behaviors of her children but it is a very common fact that she sometimes becomes so angry that she does not forgive others. It is not a nice attitude to like bad aspects of a person along with his good aspects. It is a reasonable act to call a good act good and to call a bad act bad, to regard nice acts as lovely and ugly acts as unlovely and not to regard the oppressor and the oppressed, the thief and the owner of the goods as the same.

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