Are beings created out of nothing? How many types of invention (ijad) does God Almighty have?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

7.2. BEINGS ARE CREATED OUT OF NOTHING*

One of the frequently asked questions about the creation of beings in order to deny a creator is as follows: “Are beings created out of nothing? Such questions arise from not accepting ijad (invention).

7.2.1-They deny ijad first

We should first state that some materialists and atheists deny ijad first by saying, “This universe was not invented out of nothing, it was formed from particles” instead of denying Allah directly in order to raise doubts in the naïve minds. They go from denial to invention to deny Allah, the inventor of the whole universe. As a matter of fact, whether a thing is created out of nothing suddenly or from particles gradually, there is an arranger (a creator) of it. Since there is a thing, it is a created being; it was created afterwards; it is changeable; there is definitely a preferer, creator and maker who brings it into the realm of being from non-existence, who prefers its existence to non-existence and who is Necessarily Existent and Pre-eternal. 

It is known that no art can be without an artist and no letter can be without a scribe. The existence of the artist and the scribe is more apparent than their works. These works, whether they are made gradually or suddenly, are evidences for their masters. In that case, the creation of beings indicates the existence, oneness, grandeur and majesty of Allah, His attributes and names – no matter how they are created. Thus, the question “Are beings created out of nothing?” cannot be asked in order to deny the Maker of the Realm, but to search His wisdom.

God Almighty has two types of inventions (ijads). One of them is in the form of ibda and ikhtira (invention and originating); that is, the creation of the elements that make up the universe out nothing. The other is insha (construction/production); that is, the invention of beings from particles through combination.

God Almighty has two types of inventions (ijads). One of them is in the form of ibda and ikhtira (invention and originating); that is, the creation of the elements that make up the universe out nothing. The other is insha (construction/production); that is, the invention of beings from particles through combination.

Allah created particles, that is, atoms, which are like the ink of the endless divine letters Allah wrote in this universe, out of nothing with absolute invention. Then, based on the wisdom of showing the manifestations of His names, imposing the laws of his knowledge the principles of his wisdom, and renewing His skills and grants, He brought some beings to the realm of existence through insha. That is,He created the particles out nothing through ibda and constructed other creatures/beings from those particles (insha). 

*It was published beforehand (ÂdemTatlı. Bilimlerin Işığında Yaratılış. Üsküdar Üniversitesi Yayını no: 2, 2017, p. 589-595).

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