Will you explain the following hadith?: "Spirits are like congregations that came together. Those who knew each other beforehand will get on well and those who do not know each other will leave."

Details of the Question
Will you explain the following hadith?: "Spirits are like congregations that came together. Those who knew each other beforehand will get on well and those who do not know each other will leave."
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Hz. Abu Hurayra narrates:"The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

"Spirits are like congregations that came together. Those who knew each other beforehand will get on well and those who do not know each other will leave."[Bukhari, Anbiya 2; Muslim, Birr 159, (2638); Abu Dawud, Adab 19, (4834).]

Man's spirit exists before he is born. What is mentioned in the hadith is the spiritual life. Spirits see one another and meet in the realm of spirits; some of them get on well with one another and others do not. Therefore, the spirits that like one another in the realm of spirits continue this relation in the bodies that they enter and vice versa.   

This hadith states that human spirits are congregations gathered in groups. The word "mujannada" mentioned in the hadith may mean "reciprocal" or "mixed". As a matter of fact, some spirits form the way of Allah and others the way of Satan.

The word "taaruf" mentioned in the hadith means to know one another. Thus, the spirits that have known one another before entering bodies come together after entering bodies; the good ones com together and the bad ones come together. The spirits that have not met before will not get on well in the world if they come together after they enter bodies.

Nawawi understands this hadith as "congregations that gathered together" or "different groups". He explains knowing one another as"due to a common property Allah placed in their nature when He created them."

Some scholars say, "The spirits meet and get on well because their attributes and ethics were created in a harmonious way."

Some scholars say, "Spirits were created together; the spirits whose natures were not harmonious hated from one another and moved away from one another."

Ibnu'l-Jawzi says, "The following is understood from this hadith: "If a person hates another person who is virtuous and righteous, he needs to search its cause till he eliminates this feeling and gets rid of this property. The same thing can be said for the opposite situation."

Qurtubi says, "Spirits are the same since they are spirits but they differ from one another because of several reasons and they are various."

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