How should we understand the following hadith?: "When the ears of one of you ring, let him send salawat to me. May Allah mention a person's name with goodness who mentions my name with goodness!"

The Details of the Question

How should we understand the following hadith?: "When the ears of one of you ring, let him send salawat to me. May Allah mention a person's name with goodness who mentions my name with goodness!"

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

There is no sound narration like the one above in basic hadith resources. According to some scholars, this narration is false. (see Ibnu’l-Jawzi, al-Mawduat, III/76)

Experts state that environmental factors like industrial noise, fire alarms, traffic noise and loud music are among the most common causes of ringing in the ears. Ringing in the ears mostly develops due to the harms occurring at the ends of hearing nerves. It is necessary to reduce irritation and tension to a minimum and to control stress in order to get rid of the disturbances caused by this.

In such an environment, remembering Allah and the Prophet (pbuh) will relieve him and save him from tensions like irritation and stress. From this point of view, it will be nice to utter salawat on any occasion. However, we should say it again that we could not find a sound narration like the one in the question.

In our religion, we are allowed to interpret any object, state, situation and position favorably but we are not allowed to interpret them unfavorably. The religion of Islam accepts the effect of the evil eye. However, it is not appropriate to turn everything into a phobia thinking that the evil eye has affected a person or something. 

The information that the Prophet gave importance to ringing in the ears is not true.

The attitude of Islam regarding the issue aims to save man from the delusions that makes life unbearable for him and to allow him to think about good things. Indeed, a person who interprets incidents favorably takes pleasure from life; the one who interprets incidents unfavorably makes life unbearable for himself.  

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Ringing of the ears has some medical causes. They are explained below. We could not find a connection in terms of religion. However, a belief that is widespread among people can shed light on the issue:  

When a person has a ringing in his ears, statements like the following are made: “Somebody is mentioning my name." "We made somebody's ear ring."

A patient's perceiving a sound without a real external factor is called "ringing of the ear" (tinnitus). This sound may be in different tones and qualities. Some patients describe it as resonance, humming, howling or the sound of a machine that is operating. All of them are called "tinnitus".

There are many factors that can cause tinnitus. There may simple causes among them like "cerumen" or grave causes like benign or malign tumors.

Tinnitus generally occurs in older people but it can occur in people of all ages. The most common causes are as follows: 

- Inner ear getting old
- Vasoconstriction in the blood vessels going to the ear
- Hypertension
- Being in noisy environments
- Otitis media
- Otitis externa
- High amounts of cholesterol and other lipids in blood
- Psychological factors (depression, tension)
- Some drugs that are used (aspirin, some antibiotics...)

There are some other causes apart from the ones above that will form a long list. It should not be forgotten that tinnitus is not an illness but a symptom while trying to make a diagnosis. However, the real cause of tinnitus cannot be determined in general; therefore, the target in treatment should be decreasing tinnitus. The most common medical examinations used while trying to diagnose tinnitus are as follows:

- Audiometric examinations (middle ear and inner ear measurements)
- Measuring blood pressure
- Blood analyses (blood glucose, cholesterol, liver, goiter examinations)
- Radiological examinations (Normal graphs, computed tomography, magnetic resonance).

If a disease that can cause tinnitus is found as a result of the examinations, that disease is tried to be treated. However, even the successful treatment of the existing disease might not eliminate tinnitus. The most widely used method to decrease tinnitus, whether its cause is certain or not, is medication. Drugs that increase the blood flow to the inner ear can be used for it.

If tinnitus is so sever as to affect the daily life of the patient, devices called tinnitus masker resembling hearing aids can be useful. A practical method for the patients who have difficulty in dozing off may be listening to walkman for 15-20 minutes before going to bed. It may eliminate tinnitus temporarily.

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