Why does the Quran not mention snowing at all?

Details of the Question

- Is it because it does not snow in Makkah?

-  Although snow is much more complex and miraculous than rain, why is snow not mentioned in verses or hadiths while rain is mentioned a lot?

-  Was it not known that it snowed in some parts of the world?

- Even if it was not known, it was necessary to mention it because a universal book is mentioned. Today atheists hold the view that holy books address only the people living in the places where they were sent down. They think as follows: If they addressed the whole world, they would mention the poles (times of prayer, fasting, etc. there), snow and many other things. This thought is supported since they do not mention them.

- I do not ask why the galaxy of Andromeda is not mentioned in the Quran but why snow is not mentioned in hadiths while rain, lightning and other natural events are mentioned. Is it because it does not snow in those places? How can we view this issue positively?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

We will explain this issue in a few items:

a) First, we should say that not mentioning SNOW clearly does not show that the Quran is incomplete. For, there are many evidences showing that it is the word of Allah. 

After it is proved that the Quran is the word of Allah under the light of those evidences, it will not be logical and reasonable to have a negative attitude toward the Quran saying, “It does not mention a certain being or thing”. For, to deny something because of its aspects that we do not like after its trueness is accepted is called “muqabara” in logic. That is, to show an arbitrary attitude without based on any evidence.

Besides, it does not comply with real consciousness of belief to speculate on clear things like snow. For, such a thought means Allah, in whom we believe and who has endless knowledge, does not know SNOW – God forbid.

b) In addition,

“Seest thou not that Allah makes the clouds move gently, then joins them together, then makes them into a heap? - then wilt thou see rain issue forth from their midst. And He sends down from the sky mountain masses (of clouds) wherein is hail: He strikes therewith whom He pleases and He turns it away from whom He pleases, the vivid flash of His lightning well-nigh blinds the sight.” (an-Nur, 24/43)

Some meteorological information like the formation of clouds, lightning flash, rain and hail, which is approved by modern sciences, is emphasized.

- SNOW is not mentioned directly in the verse but it cannot be thought that the Quran, which explains in detail those meteorological events that are known more than one thousand years after the verse was sent down, is unaware of snow. Yes, snow is indicated indirectly in the verse with the word “hail”.

One of the reasons why the word snow (THALJ) is not used clearly might be the fact that the people of Hejaz, the first addressees of the Quran, did not know much about it. For, it is more impressive to use a clear expression that can be understood by the addressee instead of an ambiguous expression. As a matter of fact, some scientific facts that were not known then are pointed out indirectly – due to a wisdom.  

- Snow and hail are like twins. For this reason, it was regarded enough to mention only HAIL, which was known better by the first addressees of the Quran, and SNOW was pointed out indirectly. As it is known,

Snow consists of small ice particles coming together. When the weather is very cold, the water in the air freezes and turns into snow. Small, soft, hexagonal shaped ice crystals fall onto the earth as snow.

Hail is the name given to pieces of ice as big as peas that fall onto the earth like rain. Hail forms in the storm clouds that rise very fast.

So, both snow and hail consist of ice crystals. However, their formations and shapes vary according to height, temperature and the severity of air currents. As a result, what reach us are either snowflakes formed from ice crystals or hail consisting of ice layers.

c) “SNOW” is not mentioned in the Quran, which is clear revelation, due to a wisdom – that we do not know – of Allah but it is clearly mentioned in the Sunnah, which is revelation that is not recited and a real interpretation and explanation of the Quran / sound hadith resources.

We will quote some of those hadiths now:

1. “O Allah! Wash off my sins with the water of snow and hail.” (Bukhari, Adhan,89; Daawat, 39,44,46; Muslim, 304, Masajid, 147, Dhikr, 48; Abu Dawud, Salah, 131; Tirmidhi, Daawat, 76; Nasai, Taharah, 47-49; Ibn Majah, Iqamah, 1; Dua, 2; Darimi, Salah, 27)

2. The Prophet (pbuh) included the following supplication in the supplications for the dead in janazah prayer: “O Allah! Wash him with water, snow and hail.” (see Muslim, Janaiz, 85, 86; Nasai, Janaiz, 77; Ibn Majah, Janaiz, 23)

3. “My pond (on the Day of Judgment) is whiter than snow and sweeter than honey.” (Bukhari, Manaqib, 23; Muslim, Taharah, 26; Tirmidhi, Tafsir, 108; Ibn Majah, Zuhd, 39; Darimi, Riqaq, 113)

- The phrase “washing off sins with snow and hail” mentioned in the hadith means to ask Allah’s endless pardoning, mercy, generosity and grace. (see Ibn Hajar, Fathul-Bari, 2/230)

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