What is non-existence?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

NON-EXISTENCE

We did not exist in the past. The world did not exist a long time ago. The universe we see did not exist billions of years ago. As the Prophet put it,

The key we have lost is not with us (is non-existent), but it has an existence in the place where it fell. When things were first created, they were not completely non-existent; they had existence in the knowledge of Allah.

There was Allah, there was nothing else.1

He determined with His knowledge,chose with His will, and created everything out of nothing with His power.

The science of physics, which examines the world, expresses that it is not pre-eternal. Hamdi Yazır expresses it as follows:

 “It is impossible for something non-existent to come into being on its own2Nothing can come into existence from non-existence on its own.”3

In Islamic works, non-existence is expressed by the word “adam” and existence by the word “wujud”.

When the question, “does non-existence exist?” is answered as “Yes”, it is given a kind of “wujud” (existence). So, we can clarify adam and wujud as follows:

Wujud is the non-existence of adam, and adam is the non-existence of wujud.4

Adam is divided into two parts:

1-Adam al-mahd (Absolute non-existence).
2-Adem al-idafi (Relative non-existence).

The first one is real non-existence. The other means non-existence based on certain conditions.5

For example, the key we have lost is not with us (is non-existent), but it has an existence in the place where it fell. When things were first created, they were not completely non-existent; they had existence in the knowledge of Allah.

1.Muhammad Ismail Bukhari, Jamius-Sahih (Sahihul- Bukhari), Bad’ul-Khalq, 1
2.Hamdi Yazır, HakDîniKur’an Dili III, 2007.
3.Yazır, III, 2009
4.Ahmet AvniKonuk, Füsusu’l- HikemTercümeveŞerhi, p. I, 8
5.Konuk, p. I, 8

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