What is Conscience?
Submitted by on Tue, 10/08/2010 - 11:46
Dear Brother / Sister,
Conscience: “Losing oneself. Feeling. To feel.” “Spiritual feeling that enables one to distinguish the good from the bad and enjoy being good and be disturbed by bad and evil.”
Conscience: The most advanced source of knowledge for human soul. Once it says “yes” to something, neither mind nor sense organs can deny it.
Conscience, mind and five sense organs; all of them provide human beings with different things and open doors to different realities. Yet, conscience is always superior to others; mind follows it and then come five sense organs at the end.
Once the true mind finds a reality, it does not matter if five sense organs do not agree. The best example of this is that although mind says the earth rotates, senses deny it. Eventually, mind won and decision was made according to it.
The mind is to conscience what sense is to mind when they are compared. One cannot behave according to a mind which disagrees with conscience. If we know a reality in our conscience, all intellectual proofs put forward against it are nothing but demagogy.
For instance, if we feel pain in our conscience because of an unfairness we have done, none of the excuses that our mind has got to offer can justify it.
Man knows lots of realities with his conscience. Knowing with conscience is as different from knowing with mind as seeing is from hearing. There is not comparison, reasoning, suggesting opinions or establishing hypotheses in conscience. It knows realities directly without needing any of these. Although we distinguish green from blue with our eyes, we distinguish between affection and love or between fear and worry with our conscience.
Man knows his own existence with his conscience, too. He does not need to ponder over it and ask a question such as “Do I exist or not?” and eventually put forward proofs such as “I think, therefore I am.” Man knows his attributions with his conscience, too, like his existence. He knows that he is alive; he is knowledgeable and has got self-control and ability to see and hear, all with his conscience. He can never doubt it.
One may not believe his eyes and say “Have I seen it right?” and rub his eyes to look again. Similarly, one may not believe in his mind, either and read again saying “Have I understood it wrong?” However, he does not ever doubt his conscience and what it knows.
We stated that “man knows his own existence with his conscience.” Similarly, he knows, with his conscience again, that he did not create his own body; he did not place his organs in proper places in body with his initiation and power. He knows this for so sure that he does not ever think of anything reverse even though he has lived for ages. Actually, knowledge of conscience depends on self-experience rather than concrete knowledge and feeling.
Man who knows with his conscience that he did not make his own body knows with his mind that this is the same about other beings. So, a movement of belief that starts in conscience develops with the help of mind and sense organs. And this leads man to Allah, the only owner of all things.
Yes, every conscience knows Allah. Imagine a man who does not believe. This man is not grateful for a fruit that he has eaten to nature, to material or to anything else. Besides not being grateful to Allah, he is not grateful to anyone else. What prevents him from being grateful to others is his conscience. Than unbelieving man knows with his conscience that neither this universe nor gardens and fields made of it can have these bounties. They did not have them with their own power. They are only tools, factories and workbenches. It is against human dignity to be grateful to them.
All of these meanings are present in his conscience, without words and in such a form that we cannot comprehend. And it does not let him to be grateful to others. However, that conscience is so veiled by sins, rebel, wrong beliefs and false instilling that it has got no power to make its owner be grateful to Allah. Yet, all it can do is to prevent its owner from being grateful to others. And that person, as a result, eats without giving thanks, sees without contemplation and lives without thinking. And he is drowned in worldly affairs, worldly problems or delights. He leads an animal’s life without a moment of thinking why he was sent down to this world, what his duty is and where he is going to, and then passes away from this world.
Another example: If one can sleep peacefully when he lies in his bed, it is because his conscience knows Allah. You cannot see a person who sits in bed, hesitant to fall asleep, saying “I will sleep but what if our Earth crashes into another planet? What if a star crashes into our Earth...?” Or a person who changes his mind and decides not to sleep thinking “I will sleep, but what if arteries get blocked, what if my blood coagulates, what if my heart stops beating…?” Everyone knows with their conscience that neither their bodies not this universe are their possessions. Whatever happens in both of them are results of Allah’s creating.
If it was not for this cognition of conscience, no any unbeliever could breathe peacefully on this world. However, they cannot take the advantage of this safety, this safety atmosphere that their conscience, provides them with properly and cannot find Allah.
Another example: If you point out to a soldier’s weapon and ask “Is this yours?”, he would say “Yes.” Yet, the same soldier knows with his conscience that the weapon is not his personal possession. He cannot use it as he wishes and cannot sell it. And just like this soldier, when we say “My hand, my eyes…”, we know with our conscience that we are not the true possessors of them and they were entrusted to us. However, if this cognition of conscience does not result in belief, people will use all these things entrusted to him the way with which Allah – the true possessor of them - is not pleased, all their lives; - to give account for them all one by one on the day of accounting…
Shortly: Every conscience says “Allah exists”; neither man is a stray vagabond, nor this universe is a masterless factory… There is One who weaves man on this workbench…
And man belongs to Him, with his all existence…
Questions on Islam
- What is man? How can a human being be described?
- What is the source of the good feelings in man that enables him to reach the truth?
- Al-Khabir (The All-Aware)
- Will everybody know in the hereafter the sins that only Allah knows and that are committed secretly?
- How can I increase my love of Allah and the Prophet in me? I want my love toward them to be bigger.
- What should we say to people who deny the existence of angels because they are invisible?
- What are the causes that lead man to deception?
- How Muslims started believing in Allah?
- Why is the approval of heart important in belief as medically the heart is controlled by mind?