What are the reasons of troubles and calamities? Could you please explain the verses of Surah of al-Baqara, 155 and Surah Ash-Shura 30? Does Allah (SWT) give us troubles and calamities because of our sins or because of testing?

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What are the reasons of troubles and calamities? Could you please explain the verses of Surah of al-Baqara, 155 and Surah Ash-Shura 30? Does Allah (SWT) give us troubles and calamities because of our sins or because of testing?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

There are lots of wisdoms in troubles and calamities that fall on man. Sometimes, troubles and calamities come because of sins and they will become a "kaffarah" to him (that is his/her sins will be reduced or cancelled in the hereafter). And sometimes, they fall on man to make him develop spiritually and for testing him. For this reason, it should not be evaluated from a single aspect.

Be sure We shall test you with something of fear and hunger, some loss in goods, lives and the fruits (of your toil), but give glad tidings to those who patiently persevere.― (al-Baqara 155)

In short, O Believers! Seek help with patient perseverance and prayer because, We shall test you with some troubles with the purpose of deciding who the followers of the prophet are and who are not, and to complete that benefaction with something of fear and hunger, some loss in goods, lives and the fruits (of your toil).

You shall taste these troubles in order to be worthy of the good news in the hereafter as follows: “On them is no fear, nor have they (cause to) grieve.” (Surah Aal-e-Imran 3/170) It is obvious that you will be tested with fear of enemy’s pressures, poverty and difficulties, some loss in goods and lives as a result of wars and expenses of wars and with the loss of your earnings and offspring.

This certain expression of the verse indicates even some orders and responsibilities that become fard (compulsory) upon man. The fear is a sign for the fear of Allah (SWT), the hunger is a sign for the fasting of Ramadan, the loss of earnings is a sign for zakat, the loss of lives is a sign for illness or death and loss of goods and offspring are signs for the loss of earnings.

Whatever misfortune happens to you is because of the things your hands have wrought, and for many (of them) He grants forgiveness. (Surah Ash-Shura 30)

This addressing is for the sinners. However, there is also an indication to the patience of man, which lets him to higher degrees in the hereafter and calamities that fall on people who are not sinners. Troubles that fall on believers are kaffarah for them. The troubles of a person who works for Allah’s religion does not only become a Kaffarah for him but also a means for increasing that person’s degree by Allah (SWT). Thus, it is wrong to think that such a person is suffering because of his sins.

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