What are the mustahab times for performing five daily prayers? For instance, the morning prayer (fajr) can be performed up to the time of sunrise. What about the other prayers?
Submitted by on Fri, 03/11/2017 - 12:04
Dear Brother / Sister,
The time limits of prayer times are written in calendars. Therefore, the prayers performed within those limits are valid. However, it is more virtuous to perform a prayer as soon as its time period starts. It is more virtuous to perform the morning prayer (fajr) later.
It is necessary to perform each prayer within the time period determined for it. The time for morning prayer is the time from the second fajr, that is, dawn, to sunrise.
The time period for the noon prayer (zuhr) is from zawal, that is, the time whenthe shadow of an object is the smallest and starts to lengthen to the time when the shadow of everything becomes twofold except the shadow of zawal (its shadow when the sun is at its peak). According to all imams except Abu Hanifa, it is up to the time when the shadow of everything becomes as long as the thing itself.
The time period for the afternoon (asr) prayer is from the end of the time period from the noon prayer to sunset.
The time period for the evening (maghrib) prayer is from sunset to the period when the redness in the west and the whiteness that appears after that disappear.
The time period for the night (isha) prayer and witr prayer starts at the end of the period for the evening prayer and ends at the second fajr, that is, dawn. However, witr prayer cannot be performed before the night prayer. Those times are calculated based on the sun; since the movements of the sun can be known by the science of astronomy, it is easier to determine them according to the calendar. ;
It is mustahab to delay some prayers or to perform some prayers as soon as their time period starts:
1. To delay the morning prayer up to the time that will make it possible to make wudu and to perform a prayer by reading forty verses along with al-Fatiha after the salutation of the fard prayer.
2. To delay the noon prayer a bit to a cooler time in summer.
3. To perform the afternoon prayer early, before the sun starts to turn yellow.
4. To delay the night prayer to the last one-third of the night.
5. To delay the witr prayer after sleeping, toward the end of night if a person is sure that he can wake up easily.
Should a person who performs prayers at home alone perform them at mustahab times?
It is not appropriate. Mustahab times are for the prayers performed in congregation in the mosque. One should try to perform each prayer as soon as its time starts when he is alone. For, the thawab taken from a prayer decreases as it is delayed.
It is mustahab to perform the morning prayer in congregation when it starts to get bright a bit.A person who performs a prayer alone at home or somewhere else should perform it as soon as its time period starts. The following is stated in a hadith: "The most valuable deed of worship is the prayer that is performed assoon as its time period starts." (Tirmidhi) The same thing is valid for the night prayer.
Questions on Islam
- What is the importance of time for prayer (salah)?
- Until how many minutes before the end of the time period for a prayer is it permissible to pray?
- The Times of Prayers
- Up to when can the morning (fajr) prayer be performed? What should be done when it is cloudy? Should we act in accordance with the calendars?
- Will you give information about the afternoon (asr) prayer?
- What is imsak time? Can the morning (fajr) prayer be performed immediately after imsak?
- If the next adhan is called while performing a prayer, will that prayer be valid?
- Can we perform Fajr (dawn prayer) as soon as imsak time starts?
- If a person cannot wake up for fajr prayer, what can s/he do for it?
- Is it a sin to perform the prayer at the end of the time for that prayer? Can the prayer be performed as soon as the adhan is recited?