As there is no counterpart of Allah (SWT) and gradation of His power, is there not any gradation in this verse: “What! are ye the more difficult to create or the heaven (above)? (Allah) hath constructed it:” (Surah An-Naziat, 79/27)

The Details of the Question
As there is no counterpart of Allah (SWT) and gradation of His power, is there not any gradation in this verse: “What! are ye the more difficult to create or the heaven (above)? (Allah) hath constructed it:” (Surah An-Naziat, 79/27)
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

It is known that as Allah’s names and attributes are eternal and everlasting, there are no counterparts of them and they do not allow any interference from outside because, such interference would mean making the infinite finite, limiting the limitless and coming together of the two opposites. This is impossible as the impossibility of becoming day and night at the same time.

Such expressions in the Qur’an do not indicate any gradation of endless attributes but a gradation of reflections of those attributes seen on the objects. For example; there is a fair difference between the reflection of the sun on the moon and on a snow flake. This difference is not because of the sun’s light but the object’s ability of reflecting the sun light by different scales.

Again, the difference between the reflection of the creation of the sun and an atom comes from the capabilities of those two different objects that the divine power reflected on them. That is why, there are gradations of Allah’s (SWT) names not among them but among their manifestations. As every name of Allah (SWT) has an utmost manifestation, the existence of the great name of Allah (Ism al-Azam) in Asma al-Husna is because of the gradation of those manifestations.

 “What! are ye the more difficult to create or the heaven (above)? (Allah) hath constructed it:” (Surah An-Naziat, 79/27), the verse also indicates that there is no counterpart of the power of Allah (SWT) and the different capabilities of mirrors have different reflections of the Divine power.

Besides, it is the Qur’an’s wisdom for its style considers its addressee’s mind and experiences. As the addressee is man, it is the requirement of guidance to attract his attention on general differences that has a place in his mind. As a matter of fact, in many expressions of the Qur’an, there is a style of guidance which considers the level of its addressee and which is called “tanazzulat, mumashat”.

Assuredly the creation of the heavens and the earth is a greater (matter) than the creation of men: Yet most men understand not. (Surah al-Ghafir, 40/57). Yes, although there is no difference between them for the power of Allah, in fact, there is a great difference. The difference of understanding capabilities of humans and His creations are presented in this verse;

 “And your creation or your resurrection is in no wise but as an individual soul: for Allah is He Who hears and sees (all things)”. (Surah Luqman, 31/28) The verse indicates that there is no gradation for the Divine power and there is no difference like small or large in creating things that He (SWT) wants.

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