The Quranic verse an-Nisa, 79. Prophets did not commit sins and yet they experienced the biggest of calamities. What is the reason? Moreover, Did the Prophet tell in his hadiths that for what reasons calamities would occur?

The Details of the Question
The Quranic verse an-Nisa, 79. Prophets did not commit sins and yet they experienced the biggest of calamities. What is the reason? Moreover, Did the Prophet tell in his hadiths that for what reasons calamities would occur?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

The true calamity and the harmful calamity is the one which harms our faith, our essence of being Muslims and our high moral qualities. We must always seek refuge with Allah and beg for His help because of these calamities. (see Tirmidhi, Daawat: 79). 

However, calamites which are not concerned with religion are not calamities in reality. Some of them are warnings from Allah and some of them are a means of redemption for sins and some others, such as diseases, are blessings from Allah, which serve as purification. (see Bukhari, faith, 39; Muslim, birr, 52). 

As a matter of fact, the Prophet said in a narration: “Sins drop off a person because of trembling with marsh fever just like fruits drop off a tree because of being shaken.” (Bukhari, Marda: 3, 13, 16; Muslim, Birr: 45). A disease cleans off a Muslim’s sins just like fire cleans off the stains of gold and silver.” (Ibn Majah, Medicine 18). 

And in another hadith, the Prophet says that Allah causes the most violent and the most severe calamities to the ones whom He loves the most: “People who experience calamities the most are, firstly, prophets and then saintly people based on their levels. One is exposed to calamities and tests according to his faith. If his faith is strong, he experiences more calamities. However, if his faith is weak, he experiences calamities accordingly. By experiencing calamities again and again, a person is purified from all his sins.” (Tirmidhi,Zuhd 57; Ahmad bin Hanbal 1, 172, 174). 

“If a human being is not to deserve a place prepared for him in Heaven with his deeds, Allah causes a calamity to his body or to his properties or to his family so that he is made to deserve this place through his patience with this calamity.” (Ahmad bin Hanbal V-272) 

Therefore, believers can experience calamities and troubles because of many reasons and wisdom, all of which are for their own good. 

1- They are as a result of sins committed. 

“Whatever misfortune happens to you, is because of the things your hands have wrought.” (ash-Shurah, 30) 

“whatever evil happens to thee, is from thy (own) soul (your own sins).” (an-Nisa, 79) 

“Verily never will Allah change the condition of a people until they change it themselves (with their own souls).” (ar-Ra’d, 11)

2- Calamities, misfortunes and diseases are redemption for sins.

One who suffers calamities in the worldly life and reacts with patience passes to the otherworld purified from sins or with sins decreased. 

Each calamity is because of a sin that is to be forgiven. (Abu Nuaym) 

Each calamity that happens to a believer redeems his sins. (Bukhari) 

Calamities and diseases happen to a believer until his sins are forgiven. (Hakim) 

3- Calamities happen to a believer so that he will deserve a sublime place in Heaven. 

For this reason, Prophets experienced lots of calamities and misfortunes. 

The most violent calamities happen to Prophets and saintly people. (Tirmidhi) 

Calamities happen to one to allow him to receive blessings. (Bukhari)

Misfortune happens in order to lead to a higher degree. (Abu Nuaym) 

A human being, of whom Allah wills the best, experiences calamities. (Tabarani) 

If one was always in good health and fineness, these two would be enough to destroy him. (I. Asakir) 

Even if a believer hides in a nest of lizard, someone will still find him to give trouble to. (Bayhaki) 

World is a dungeon for believers (compared to the blessings of Heaven). (Muslim) 

Whoever loves Allah and His Messenger should gird on armor! (be prepared!) (Bayhaqi) 

In short, we can say the most violent calamities happen to those whom Allah loves the most. Patience against calamities allows saintly people to advance. The Prophet prayed to Allah to give him endurance against calamities which might happen to him.

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Afgmohammadi94
Jazakallah khair for your effort, may Allah (SWT) grant you and your family Jannah.
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