The prayer “Subhanaka” is read even before Sura al-Fatiha in the salah. Is “Subhanaka” a prayer? A hadith? What is its resource?

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The prayer “Subhanaka” is read even before Sura al-Fatiha in the salah. Is “Subhanaka” a prayer? A hadith? What is its resource?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

According to Hanafi and Hanbali madhhabs, it is sunnah to read the prayer Subhanaka. For, the following was reported from Aisha (ra):

“When Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) started salah, he read "Subhanakallahumma wa bihamdika wa tabarakasmuka wa taala jadduka wala ilaha ghayruk." 1

Subhanaka is derived from tasbih. It means to glorify Allah to say that He is free and away from any deficiencies. Tabarekasmuka is derived from barakah. And this means that divine goodness is stable in something. Taala jadduka:  Ced means magnificence. Ta'ala is derived from "Uluww". It means Your Majesty is superior to and more supreme than everything, or your  Glory and Magnificence  are supreme.

The meaning of this tasbih prayer (Subhanaka) is as follows:

“Glory be to you, O Allah, and all praises are due unto You, and blessed is Your name and high is Your majesty and none is worthy of worship but You."

1. Abu Dawud narrated this hadith. There is a similar hadith narration of Daraqutni from Anas. Five hadith imams narrated a similar hadith from Abu Said. It is reported in Muslim’s Sahih that Hadrat Omar read this aloud. (Naylul Awtar, II/195)

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