Can you give information about the meaning of the supplication (dua) and glorification (tasbih) in the prayer and the rewards given for them?

Details of the Question
Can you give information about the meaning of the supplication (dua) and glorification (tasbih) in the prayer and the rewards given for them?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Glorification uttered in the prayer (salah)

Subhanalah : Allah is free from all incomplete attributes; He is equipped with perfect attributes.

Alhamdulillah : Praise be to Allah.

Allahuakbar : Allah is the greatest.

Sami'allahu liman hamidah : Allah hears the one who praises Him.

Rabbana lakalhamd : O our Lord; praise be to you.

Subhanarabbiyalazim : My Lord, the Great, is free from all incomplete attributes.

Subhanarabbbiyal a'la : My Lord, the Highest, is free from all incomplete attributes.

Supplication uttered in the prayer

Subhanaka

Sabhanakallahumma wa bihamdik wa tabara kasmuk wa taala jaddak (wa jalla thanauk * ) wa lailaha ghayruk)

Glory be to you, O Allah, and all praises are due unto you, and blessed is your name and high is your majesty (glorified is your praise) and none is worthy of worship but you.

It is uttered while standing.

Where to utter it: In the first rak’ah of every prayer just after the takbir of iftitah (opening). In the third rak’ah of the sunnah of the afternoon prayer before al-Fatiha. In the third rak’ah of the sunnah of the night prayer before al-Fatiha. In the third rak’ah of the tarawih prayer before al-Fatiha if it is performed in groups of four rak’ahs. After the first takbir in the janazah prayer (prayer for a dead person).

* Wa jalla thanauk is uttered only in the janazah prayer.

Attahiyyatu

Attahiyyatu lillahi wassalawatu wattayibatu assalamualayka ayyuhannabiyyu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu assalamu alayna wa ala ibadillahis salihin Ashhadu an la ilaha illallah wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluh.

All kinds of Greetings, prayers and goodness belong to Allah. Peace, the mercy of Allah and His blessings be on you, O Prophet. Peace be on us and on the righteous servants of Allah! I bear witness that there is no god but Allah. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.

Where to utter it: It is uttered in the sitting state of every prayer.

Allahumma Salli

Allahumma salli ala Muhammadin wa ala ali Muhammadin kama sallayta ala ibrahima wa ala ali ibrahima innaka hamidun majid

O Allah, exalt Muhammad and the people of Muhammad, as You did exalt Abraham and the people Abraham, verily You are Praiseworthy, and Glorious.

Allahumma Barik

Allahumma barik ala Muhammadin wa ala ali Muhammadin kama barakta ala ibrahima wa ala ali ibrahima innaka hamiydun majid

O Allah, bless Muhammad and the people of Muhammad, as You did bless Abraham and the people Abraham, verily You are Praiseworthy, and Glorious.

Where to utter them: In the last sitting state of every prayer after Attahiyyatu. In the first sitting state of the sunnah of the afternoon prayer and the first sunnah of the night prayer after Attahiyyatu. After the second takbir in the janazah prayer.

Rabbana Atina

Rabbana atina fiddunya hasanatan wa fil akhirati hasanatan wa qina adhabannar

Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the torment of the fire!

Rabbanaghfirli

Rabbanaghfirli wa liwa lidayya wa lil mu'minina yawma yaqumul hisab

O our Lord! cover (us) with Thy Forgiveness? me, my parents, and (all) Believers, on the Day that the Reckoning will be established!

Where to utter them: In the last sitting of every prayer after Allahumma Salli, and Allahumma Barik

Qunut Supplication

Allahumma inna nastainuka wa nastaghfiruka wa nastahdika wa nu’minu bika wa natubu ilayk. Wa natawakkalu alayka wa nuthni alaykal-khayra kullahu nashkuruka wa la nakfuruka wa nakhlau wa natruku man yafjuruk.

Oh Allah, we ask you for help and seek your forgiveness and guidance, and we believe in You and have trust in You, and we praise You in the best way and we thank You and we are not ungrateful to You, and we forsake and turn away from the one who disobeys You.

Allahumma iyyaka na’budu wa laka nusalli wa nasjudu wa ilayka nas’a wa nahfidu narju rahmataka wa nakhsha adhabaka inna adhabaka bilkuffari mulhiq.

O Allah, we worship You only and pray to You and prostrate ourselves before You, and we run towards You and serve You, and we hope to receive Your mercy, and we fear Your punishment. Surely, the disbelievers will receive Your punishment.

Where to utter them: In the third rak’ah of the prayer of witr after uttering al-Fatiha and some verses, the hands are raised uttering Allahu akbar and the supplication of qunut is uttered when the hands are held together.

Ayatal Kursi

Allahu la ilaha illa huwal hayyul qayyum. La ta’khudhuhu sinatun wa la nawm. Lahu ma fis-samawati wama fil ard. Mandhalladhi yashfau indahu illa biidhnihi. ya’lamu ma bayna aydihim wama khalfahum wala yuhituna bishay’in min ilmihi illa bima sha’a wasia kursiyyuhussamawati wal ard. Wala yauduhu hifzuhuma wa huwal aliyyul azim.

Allah! there is no Allah but He - the living, the Self-subsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize him nor sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permitteth? He knoweth what (appeareth to His creatures as) Before or After or Behind them. Nor shall they compass aught of His knowledge except as He willeth. His Throne doth extend over the heavens and the earth, and He feeleth no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. For He is the Most High, the Supreme (in glory).

Where to recite it: It can be read in the prayer as a verse and it is read after the prayer before glorification.

Rewards given for the supplication and verses read in the prayer:

Each worship that is in compliance with the orders and consent of Allah and that is performed for the sake of Allah is given rewards. 

However, the most rewards are given to fards. The most important fard is the five daily prayers.

The daily prayers, which are performed five times every day and which is a continual prayer, reminds man of Allah and takes him to the presence of Allah.

Allah states the following in the Quran; "Verily I am Allah: there is no god but I: so serve thou Me, (only) and establish regular prayer for celebrating My praise!" Taha-14

Prayer, which is the pillar of the religion, reminds people of Allah. It reminds them of the orders and prohibitions of Allah, and protects them from haram.

Most of the daily life of those who perform the five daily prayers on time, properly, regularly and in a nice way is spent on worshipping.

Our Prophet said, "The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions, and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended." A person who goes to bed with the intention of getting up for the morning prayer and takes precautions such as setting the alarm clock has already started to obtain rewards for the prayer.

Those who interrupt their nice sleep and get out of their comfortable beds with the intention of performing prayers for the sake of Allah will obtain rewards for every step that they take for the preparation of the prayer and every act they do, including going to the toilet. 

When they start to make wudu, their minor sins are forgiven as drops of water fall down from their organs they wash.

Our beloved Prophet says; "When a Muslim starts to make wudu, his sins are forgiven; when he washes his mouth, his sins regarding his mouth, when he washes his nose, his sins regarding his nose, when he washes his face, his sins regarding his face including his eyelids, when he washes his arms, his sins regarding his arms including his nails, when he wipes his heads, his sins regarding his head including his ears, when he washes his feet, his sins regarding his feet including his nails are forgiven."

There are many hadiths and glad tidings about wudu, which is the key to the prayer. Let us think about the treasure whose key is so valuable; and let us think about the rewards of the prayer from this point of view.

Allah’s believing, conscious and sincere slaves who perform the five daily prayers on time and regularly pray 40 rakat of prayers every day.  

In those forty rakat of prayers, there are forty qiyams: standing on the feet in the presence of Allah,

Forty ruku’s: bowing down in the presence of Allah,

Eighty sajdahs: prostrating in the presence of Allah,

Twenty-one qa’das: sitting in the presence of Allah.

Those bodily acts (worshipping), which form the main structure and the general anatomy of the prayer, are the essentials and pillars of the prayer.

In a hadith reported by Tabarani and Hakim, the Prophet said, "Among the things that Allah created, He did not make anything more valuable than salah (prayer) except belief. If there were something more valuable than salah in the presence of Allah, the angels would worship performing it. Some angels always bow down, some always prostrate, some always stand and some always sit."

Salah is the origin of all kinds of worshipping except belief; qiyam, ruku’, sajdah and qa’dah are the essence of salah.

In the Quran, the orders, "stand for Allah, bow down and prostrate for Allah" are repeated many times; especially the order, “prostrate and be close” underlines a unique form of worshipping.

Things are known by their opposites. Those who stand still to show respect and who bow down and prostrate in front of the stones that are idolized no matter why are regarded to have committed the greatest sin and to have associated partners with Allah.

Those who stand, bow down, prostrate and sit in the presence of Allah with belief and consciousness obtain the greatest reward and reach the peak of belief. 

In a hadith reported by Tirmidhi, our Prophet says, "There is one hasana for a person who reads one letter from the book of Allah. Ten rewards are given for one hasana."

Ten rewards are given to a person who reads a letter from the Quran apart from salah (prayer) unless that person is in the state of puerperum, menstruation or janabah.  

Reading the Quran in the prayer is fard and it is a part of the prayer. Therefore, more rewards are given for the Quran read in the prayer. 

In a hadith reported by Bayhaqi, the Prophet says, "If a clean (not in the state of puerperum, menstruation or janabah) person listens to a letter from the book of Allah, ten rewards are recorded for him, ten of his sins are deleted and his degree is increased ten times. 

If a person reads a letter from the book of Allah (the Quran) while performing salah by sitting, fifty rewards are recorded for him, fifty of his sins are deleted and his degree is increased fifty times. 

If a person reads a letter from the book of Allah while performing salah by standing, 100 rewards are recorded for him, 100 of his sins are deleted and his degree is increased 100 times."

In the five daily prayers (40 rak’at), 40 al-Fatiha and at least 33 verses are read every day.

According to the interpretation of Hazin, there are 140 letters in al-Fatiha including basmala. The total letters of reading al-Fatiha 40 times is 5.600.

In the 33 verses, there are at least 3.800 letters if very short chapters are read.

In the five daily prayers, the total letters of al-Fatiha and the verses are 9.400 a day and 282.000 in a month.

Since 100 rewards is recorded for each letter of the Quran read in the prayer, the total number of the rewards for al-Fatiha and the verses in a month is 28.200.000.

The reward Allah will give is not limited with that number. Allah, the Supreme, gives more rewards to any person He wishes.

Besides, ayat-al-kursi is read at the end of each prayer before starting glorification.

There are 170 letters in one ayat-al-kursi and 850 letters in five ‘ayat-al-kursi’s.

The total amount of the letters of ayat-al-kursi read in one month is 25.500.

Every day, after the supplication after the five daily prayers, al-Fatiha is read. The total number of the letters of five al-Fatihas is 700 a day; and in a month, it is 21.000.

In the prayers of one month, the number of the letters of al-Fatiha and verses is 282.000; ayat-al-kursi 25.500 and al-Fatiha after the prayer is 21.000; the total is 328.000 letters.

According to Abdullah Ibn Abbas, the sultan of the interpreters of the Quran, the total number of the letters in the Quran is 323.671.

Real Muslims who perform five daily prayers regularly is regarded to have read the whole Quran in a month, and they read extra 4.829 letters.

One of the first divine orders that our Prophet received was, "And thy Lord do thou magnify.." al-Muddaththir-3

In order to obey that divine order, which means mention your Lord with greatness and magnificence, the prayer is started with takbir. Allahu akbar is uttered totally 214 times in the five daily prayers: 13 of them are takbir al-iftitah, which are fard, and 201 of them are takbir al-intiqal, which are sunnah. 

In a hadith in Tirmidhi, our Prophet states, "Tasbih (Subhanallah) fills half of the mizan (scale) and "Alhamdulillah" fills the other half. Takbir fills between the earth and the sky."

Since the reward of a takbir (Allahu akbar) uttered with belief and with the intention of magnifying Allah outside the prayer fills between the earth and the sky, let us think about the reward of the 214 takbirs uttered in the prayers.  

On the other hand, each of the 13 takbirs al-iftitah, which are fard, has separate properties.

In a  hadith in Ramuz, our Prophet says, "One takbir uttered together with the imam is better than one thousand camels."

Mines (ores) have different values in terms of their weight, financial worth, the places they are used and loveliness for human beings.

Spirituality is like that. Some words have different values and properties in terms of reward, weight, their places in worshipping and loveliness for Allah.

In a hadith in Bukhari and Muslim, our Prophet says, " 'There are two phrases which are beloved by the Most Merciful, light on the tongue, yet heavy on the scales: "Subhanallahi wa bihamdihi and  Subhanallahil azim" (glory be to Allah and all praise be to Him, glory be to Allah, the Mighty).

In a hadith in Muslim, the Prophet says, " There are four phrases that are beloved by Allah: Subhanallahi walhamdu lillahi wala ilaha illallahu wallahuakbar" (Glory be to Allah, praise be to Allah, there is no god but Allah, and Allah is the greatest).

In the five daily prayers, Allah is glorified with his names al-Azim and al-A’la 375 five times: 15 times at the beginning of Subhanaka, 120 times while bowing down as, "Subhana Rabbiyal Azim", 240 times while prostrating as " Subhana Rabbiyal A’la".

In the five daily prayers, Allah is praised 135 times: 15 in Subhanaka as “bihamdik”, 40 times at the beginning of al-Fatiha as  "Alhamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alamin" (Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Realms), 40 times while standing up from ruku’ as "Sami'allahu liman hamidah" (Allah hears the one who praises Him)A and 40 times after standing up from ruku’ as, "Rabbana lakal hamd" (O our Lord! Praise be to you).

Let us think of the reward of saying, "Subhanallah and Alhamdulillah" once outside the prayer and we should not forget that the reward is multiplied hundreds of times in the prayer.

Allah states the following in the Quran; " The seven heavens and the earth, and all beings therein, declare His glory: there not a thing but celebrates His praise; and yet ye understand not how they declare His glory..." al-Isra-44

Thus, the real Muslims who perform the five daily prayers and who become the slaves of Allah join that circle of dhikr (mentioning the name of Allah) and glorify, praise and magnify Allah along with the other beings.

The real Muslims who believe in Allah and practice their belief salute Allah at the end of every two rak’ahs: 21 times a day by sitting at the door of grace and mercy of Allah saying, "Attahiyyatu lillahi wassalawatu wattayibat", that is, all kinds of greetings, prayers and goodness belong to Allah.  

They salute the beloved Prophet and wish the peace and mercy of Allah and His blessings by saying, "Assalamualayka ayyuhannabiyyu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu”.

They wish peace for all of the righteous servants of Allah whether dead or alive and for themselves by saying, "Assalamu alayna wa ala ibadillahis salihin".

In the end, they utter the kalima ash-shahadah and declare to all beings that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.

In the sittings that are called qa’dah al-akhirah, the most valuable salawat starting with Allahumma Salli, and Allahumma Barik are read after Attahiyyat.

Allah states the following in the Quran; " Allah and His angels, send blessings on the Prophet: O ye that believe! Send ye blessings on him and salute him, with all respect." al-Ahzab-56

In a hadith reported by Muslim, our Prophet says, "A person who sends salawat to me once is blessed ten times by Allah."

In a hadith reported by Imam Bayhaqi, the Prophet says, "A person who sends salawat to me once is blessed ten times by Allah; ten of his sins are deleted and his level is increased ten times."

In a hadith reported by Tirmidhi, our Prophet says, "The one to be the closest to me among you is the one who sends salawat to me most."

In a hadith reported by Abu Dawud, our Prophet says, "Do not make my grave a place for entertainment, but send salawat to me. No matter where you are, your salawat will reach me."

The reward of all of the worshipping related to salah is increased many times; similarly, the reward for salawat is  increased many times.

In the five daily prayers, 30 salawat: 15 Allahumma Salli and 15 Allahumma Barik  (the most valuable ones) a day and 900 salawat a month are read.

In the last sitting, the person who performs the prayer reads supplications like Rabbana atina and Rabbanaghfirli, which mean supplication and asking for forgiveness for himself, his parents and all of his brothers and sisters in religion.

All of the believers that have the same belief, that are on the same path and that will live in unity and harmony forever in Paradise are brothers.

Therefore, hundreds of millions of Muslims who perform five daily prayers pray for their brothers and sisters in religion and share the supplication of hundreds of millions of people.

Those who sleep or work after performing the prayer, those who lie in the graveyards benefit from the supplication of their brothers and sisters in religion that perform prayers.

We should not forget this: The adhans are continuously recited and prayers are performed 24 hours a day without any interruption.

We do not have anything to say to those who persist in denying, who have the same belief as the people of Stone Age, and who worship the same stones under the name of contemporaneity.

However, I want to warn, for the sake of Allah, those who believe but neglect to perform prayers due to laziness originating from their souls.

Come on. You should come, too. Join the hundreds of millions of people who believe in Allah, turn to the qiblah and prostrate.

There are so many saints, leaders of saints, seven saints, forty saints, three hundred saints, men of Allah and righteous people who are valuable in the eye of Allah in that community led by prophets. 

If you join that community by turning to the qiblah and by prostrating, you will share the supplication of that community both when you live and after you die.

In a hadith reported by Nasai, Tabarani and Daraqutni, the Prophet says, "If a person reads ayat-al-kursi after a fard prayer, nothing but death prevents him entering Paradise then."

In a hadith reported by Muslim, the Prophet says," If a person glorifies Allah (says subhanallah) 33 times, praises Allah (says alhamdulillah) 33 times and magnifies Allah (says allahuakbar) 33 times and utters, "Lailaha illallahu wahdahu la sharika lah. Lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa ala kulli shay'in qadir" (There is none worthy worship but Allah alone, who has no partner. His is the dominion and to Him belongs all praise, and He is able to do all things) to make it one hundred, his sins will be erased even if they were like the foam on the surface of the sea. "If a person reads ayat-al-kursi, and says subhanallah 33 times, alhamdulillah 33 times and allahuakbar 33 times and, " Lailaha illallahu wahdahu la sharika lah. Lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa ala kulli shay'in qadir " to make it one hundred where he sits after performing the fard and sunnah of a prayer, his sins will fall off like the leaves fall from the trees and he will obtain rewards that will overweigh in mizan.  

Good deeds bring about other good deeds and bad deeds bring about other bad deeds. The prayer, which is the pillar of the religion, will bring about good deeds like that.

Good deeds and great rewards like that are the fringe benefits of the prayer for real Muslims who perform the five daily prayers regularly.

I have tried to write something about the rewards of the prayer. As a matter of fact, what I have written is like a drop in the sea in comparison to the rewards of a prayer accepted by Allah.

The treasure of Allah, the Exalted, is so big that due to a wisdom of the short worldly life, he gives His slaves whom He does not like so much money and property that their grandchildren will not be able to finish them even if they spend them for centuries, and wealth that cannot be expressed with quadrillions.   

Why should He not give His slaves who believe, obey His orders, stand in the presence of Him, bow down and prostrate much more bounties in Paradise, the land of eternity?

It is Allah who increases a single grain of wheat or corn hundreds of times and who gives them back to people and animals as sustenance with their stalk, hay and chippings.

It is Allah, the Exalted, who creates big trees from a single cherry and fig seed first, and who decorate them with green leaves and then gives thousands of fruit as sustenance to His slaves. 

Why should He not increase every letter of the Quran that is recited in the prayer, of the takbir, tasbih, tawhid, hamd, tahiyyat and salawat hundreds, thousand, tens of thousand times and put them on our scale in gathering place (mahshar)?

Why should He not make His slaves who are trampled, humiliated and oppressed in this transient world happy eternally in Paradise?

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