It is stated in the Quran that no other nation committed the evil that the nation of Lot (Lut) did. However, homosexuality existed among Sumerians. It is obviously seen in Sumerian sources. Can you explain it?
Submitted by on Wed, 24/02/2010 - 17:35
Dear Brother / Sister,
First of all, we should state that that crime may have been committed at various times. However, it became widespread and turned to a tradition during the time of Hazrat Lot.
The issue you ask about is mentioned in the 80th and 81st verses of the chapter al-Araf and the 28th verse of the chapter al-Ankabut in the Quran.
The translation and explanation of those verses are as follows:
80. We also (sent) Lut: he said to his people: "Do ye commit lewdness such as no people in creation (ever) committed before you?”
81. "For ye practise your lusts on men in preference to women: ye are indeed a people transgressing beyond bounds."
Hazrat Lot is the son of Haran, the brother of Hazrat Ibrahim (Abraham). In the Islamic resources, he is mentioned as Lot, the son of Haran, who is the son of Tarah. He left Iraq together with Ibrahim; according to what is mentioned in the Torah, Lot was appointed as a prophet in Sodom and Gomorrah near the Dead Sea. The people who lived there regarded denying God and homosexuality legitimate. Hazrat Lot criticized them due to their practice of homosexuality, which they practiced to such a great extent that it had never been so common in any nation; he told them that he was a trustable messenger, that they should obey him and that they should obey Allah’s call by fearing Allah (see ash-Shuara 26/160-164); he defined them as “squanderers” due to what they did. It is understood that the word ‘squander’, which means “transgressing sensible criteria and measures is used for sexual perversion here.
The claim that Hazrat Lot’s daughters got their father to drink wine, lay with him and became pregnant (Genesis, 19/32-37) is a foul slander even for an ordinary man, let alone a prophet.
Although the punishment for fornication is determined in the Quran and Sunnah, the punishment for homosexuality, which is forbidden because it is perversion and offensiveness, is not determined; therefore, Muslim scholars proposed various ways of execution like stoning to death, burning, knocking down a wall on and throwing down from a high place for homosexuality. Imam Abu Hanifa and some other scholars regarded tazir punishment (punishment other than death decided by the judge) sufficient for homosexuality. (see Ibn Ashur, VIII/2, p. 232-234).
The translation of the 28th verse of the chapter al-Ankabut:
And (remember) Lut; behold he said to his people: "Ye do commit lewdness, such as no people in Creation (ever) committed before you.”
Allah arranged natural reproduction and sexual life in the system of existence in the form of intercourse between the male and female. It is stated clearly in those verses and other verses of the relevant chapters that the only legitimate way of intercourse for men was marrying women; homosexuality was forbidden definitely in the same verses; it was stated that the punishment for the society in which homosexuality was common was a grave disaster.
Questions on Islam
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- Who is Prophet Loot (Lut)?
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