Which prophet was sent to the Sumerians?

The Details of the Question

- Considering the prophets in the past, the genealogy from the Prophet Adam to the present day and the history of Islam, which prophets could have been sent to the Sumerians?

- Or which prophets lived in recent history?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

- The Sumerians were a nation that lived in the geographical region in southern Iraq (Mesopotamia) between 3500 BC and 2000 BC, known as the cradle of civilization... Of the many different tribes living in Mesopotamia, the Sumerians were the first to stand out and lay the foundations for later civilizations. The Sumerians were the first prominent and well-known society in the fields of writing, language, medicine, astronomy, mathematics, religion, fortune telling, magic and mythology. “Creation” and “Flood” are first seen in the Sumerians.... (WIKIPEDIA).

- Although these explanations are not definite, it seems that religion played an important role in the Sumerians. It is known that religions first started in the Middle East

- Besides, since they existed even before the Prophet Abraham (Ibrahim) mentioned in the Quran, we cannot name any prophet other than Noah (Nuh) for the Sumerians. However, there were thousands of prophets who were not mentioned in the Quran.

Elmalılı Hamdi Yazır states the following in his tafsir of verses 1-3 of the chapter of Nuh:  

“We sent Noah to his People.” It is understood that Prophet Noah was sent to his people, not to all humankind because, among the prophets, being sent to all humankind is a characteristic of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Only Allah knows how many people and what tribes were on the earth at that time and where people lived on the earth. However, according to Alusi’s explanation, the people of Noah lived in the Arabian Peninsula and regions near it. It is well known that Noah lived in the land of Kufa, that is, in Iraq, and it was there that he was given the prophetic mission...” (Hak Dini Kur’an Dili)

The history and geography of the Prophet Noah and the history and geography of the Sumerians overlap.

According to some information, Noah’s name was Ziusudra in Sumerian. The epic of Ziusudra took place in approximately 2900 BC and was written on tablets in 2600 BC.

It does not seem possible to say anything definite about it today. New archaeological discoveries may shed light on this issue in the future.

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