Will ahl al-kitab (The people of the book) enter paradise?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Some so-called theologians say that Jews and Christians, who are the People of the Book, are people of Paradise. Inshallah we will firmly prove how wrong their words are and that the people of the book are actually the people of Hell.

When we say "Ahl al-kitab are people of Hell", we mean Jews and Christians who have heard and are aware of Prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) message, but have not believed.

Let us start the subject with the answer to the following question: "Are the people of fatrah people of Najah? (salvation)".

Who are ahl-al fatrah and are they people of salvation?

Ahl-al fatrah: As a religious term, it refers to the time period between two prophets. They are the ones who lived between the time period of two prophets but could not reach the message of either of them. It is unanimously agreed that such a person is not held responsible for any deeds. For, in order to be obliged to perform prayers, fasting, pilgrimage and such, a prophet's guidance and teaching the deeds are needed. Since ahl-al fatrah could not reach the message of any prophets, they are not held responsible for religious deeds.

- So, “Do they have to know Allah?”

There is disagreement on the matter. As you know, Ahl as-Sunnah consists of two sects in creed. They are the Ashari and Maturidi sects. According to Imam Ashari, ahl-al fatrah are not responsible for knowing Allah. Imam Maturidi, on the other hand, states that they are responsible for knowing Allah (swt).

Imam Maturidi states the following: Allah gave man intelligence and filled this realm with the signs of His existence. Even if a person cannot reach a prophet, he can find Allah with his mind and is obliged to find him. According to Imam Ashari, the mind cannot find Allah on its own...

So, what opinion do we accept?

We should know both views and refer the truth of the matter to the knowledge of Allah (swt). Like the Prophet Moses (pbuh), we will surrender to Allah.

When the Prophet Moses invited Pharaoh to the truth, Pharaoh said: قَالَ فَمَا بَالُ الْقُرُونِ الْاُولَى  Pharaoh asked, “And what about previous peoples?” قَالَ عِلْمُهَا عِنْدَ رَبِّي فِى كِتَابٍ  Prophet Moses replied, “That knowledge is with my Lord in a Record.”  لاَ يَضِلُّ رَبِّي وَلاَ يَنْسَى  “My Lord neither falters nor forgets anything.” (Surah Taha, 20/51-52)

We should be like the prophet Moses, too. He does not answer Pharaoh's question, "What about the previous generations?" like us. It is because of his surrender to Allah’s justice. Whatever is to happen will happen, and it is going to be just and true. That answer is the result of a perfect faith.

We want a single and clear answer to everything. However, Allah did not reveal everything clearly. Some issues are clear and some issues are ambiguous. Our Lord has made it clear that ahl-al fatrah are not responsible for deeds. For this reason, there has been an agreement on that issue. However, He has not expressed clearly if they are responsible for faith or not. From the evidences available, Imam Ashari deduced that they were not obliged to believe, and Imam Maturidi stated that they were obliged to believe. Then, they attributed the truth to the knowledge of Allah (swt). Which one is true will be revealed in the Hereafter. In fact, scholars made decrees about an issue that is not clear from the Quran and Sunnah; then, referring the truth to Allah, they said, "Allah knows the best." Again, Allah knows best whether ahl-al fatrah are obliged to believe or not. We just have declared both views ...

As for the status of the People of the Book, if none of them have heard of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), they are ahl an-najah and they are people of salvation. At a time when technology is so advanced, we do not know if there is such a person. If so, that is the decree...

The second group of the People of the Book are those who have heard and aware of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). If they do not believe in the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), they will be people of Hell. Their devotion to their own religion will not save them.

There is also a group between those two. They heard about the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), but he was introduced to them as an evil person. They are people who have not heard anything good about our Prophet, have not heard his miracles, and have not been aware of the Quran. Scholars kept silent about that topic and did not issue a definite fatwa. "Maybe Allah (swt) will forgive them, maybe He will throw them into Hell." they said. Allah knows best.

When we say "the People of the Book" from now on, we mean the second group. In other words, the ones who heard and were aware of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), but did not believe.

We will prove with the verses of the Quran that the Jews and Christians in the second group are people of Hell. Our purpose here is only to declare the judgement of Allah. We defend that idea because Allah says, "They will go to Hell." Had Allah said that they would go to Paradise, we would have accepted it and defended it without objection. So, we are not the ones who caused the People of the Book to enter Hell. All we do is prove the judgement of Allah (swt) by His verses. Nothing more.

Evidence that the people of the book are people of hell

1. Whoever seeks a way other than Islam, it will never be accepted from him

Our first proof : The following is stated the 19th verse of the Surah Aal-i Imran:

   إِنَّ الدِّينَ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ الإِسْلاَمُ Indeed, the religion in the sight of Allah is Islam. (Al-i Imran, 3/19)

In verse 85, the following is stated:  وَمَنْ يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الإِسْلاَمِ دِينًا  And whoever desires other than Islam as religion  فَلَنْ يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ  never will it be accepted from him وَهُوَ فِي الآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ  and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers. (Aal-i Imran, 3/85)

Let us analyze those verses:

In the 19th verse of the Surah, the following is stated: "The religion in the sight of Allah is Islam." We understand from the verse that religions other than Islam are not religions in the sight of Allah. So, Judaism, Christianity, Buddhism and other religions are not religions in the sight of Allah. There is only one religion, and that is Islam.

What about the members of those religions? How will Allah (swt) treat them?

Verse 85 answers that question as follows:

“And whoever desires other than Islam as religion – never will it be accepted from him, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers.” (Aal-i Imran, 3/85)

Suppose that someone abandoned Islam and converted to Judaism and fulfilled all the requirements of the religion of Judaism or became a Christian and lived according to his religion. Allah states the following regarding that person: “I will never accept from him his worship, his obedience, or anything. And I will make him one of the losers in the Hereafter.”

How come some theologians say that the People of the Book will enter Paradise, when the meaning of the verse is so clear and it does not have any other meaning?

Allah (swt) says, "The only religion in my sight is Islam." They say, "No, there are other religions too." Allah says, "Whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, I will never accept it." They say, "No, You will accept it." 

How come? How can a person be confused and mistaken when the verse is so clear? Either that person does not have a mind, or he deliberately tells that lie.... If they say so out of ignorance, it has no value. However, if they say it based on knowledge, those slanders will definitely not go unpunished.

Allah (swt) says, " I will disappoint those who seek a religion other than Islam in the hereafter." However, some ignorant theologians say, "There is no disappointment! Allah will admit them to Paradise."

2. Does Allah say about the Christians, "They are unbelievers"?

Here is our second proof: In verse 72 of the surah of al-Mai’dah, the following is stated:

 لَقَدْ كَفَرَ الَّذِينَ  They have certainly disbelieved - Who are these unbelievers? -قَالُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الْمَسِيحُ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ "Who say, "Allah is the Messiah (that is, the Prophet Jesus), the son of Mary" (Surah al-Mai’dah, 5/72)

In the next verse, the following is stated:

 لَقَدْ كَفَرَ الَّذِينَ  They have certainly disbelieved –Who are they?-   قَالُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ ثَالِثُ ثَلاَثَةٍ who say, "Allah is the third of three." - In other words, Christians who believe in the creed of trinity are also unbelievers.وَمَا مِنْ اِلهٍ إِلاَّ اِلهٌ وَاحِدٌ  There is no god except one God.   وَاِنْ لَمْ يَنتَهُوا عَمَّا يَقُولُونَ If they do not desist from what they are saying,  لَيَمَسَّنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ Those who disbelieve among them will be afflicted with a painful punishment. (al-Mai’dah, 5/73)

Let us analyze those verses:

In verse 72 of the surah the following is stated:

They have certainly disbelieved who say, "Allah is the Messiah, the son of Mary.”

The group mentioned in the verse is the one that believes that Allah entered into the body of Jesus and merged with his body. They are a group of Christians. Allah has clearly declared that those people are unbelievers.

In verse 73 of the Surah, another group is mentioned as follows:

They have certainly disbelieved who say, "Allah is the third of three."

The expression "the third of three" in the verse means "one of the three gods" or "the first of the three gods". That is the trinity belief of Christians. Allah declares that those who believe in trinity are also disbelievers and warns them as follows:

If they do not stop saying this, those who disbelieve among them will be afflicted with a painful punishment. (Surah al-Ma’idah, 5/73)

And have the Christians living today renounced those words? No! Some still believe that Allah entered the spirit of Jesus; others believe in trinity. According to that belief; Jesus is the son – God forbid - of Allah (swt). Currently, Christians associate partners with Allah and still do not accept tawhid (oneness). If they accept tawhid, they will become Muslims…

Let us briefly write the decrees in the verses so that the issue can be understood more clearly:

1.  The ones who say "Allah is the Messiah, the son of Mary” are unbelievers.

2. The ones who say "Allah is the third of three" are unbelievers, too.

3. If they do not stop saying this, there will be a painful punishment for them.

 For, in that case they are unbelievers. The unbelievers will stay in Hell forever.

That is the judgement of Allah. Some theologians say, "Christians will enter heaven." How come? Allah says they are unbelievers and there will be a severe punishment for them. How can a person, especially a theologian, say, “They will enter Paradise” when the verses are so clear? What is that, if not slandering the Quran? May Allah protect this ummah from their evil! ...

3. What does Allah command the Jews?

Our third proof is the 41st verse of the chapter of Surah al-Baqara. It addresses the Jews as follows:

 وَآمِنُوا بِمَا أَنْزَلْتُ مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا مَعَكُمْ   And believe in that which I have revealed, verifying that which is with you, - That is, believe in the Quran that I have sent down as verifying the Torah.-   وَلاَ تَكُونُوا أَوَّلَ كَافِرٍ بِهِ And do not be the first ones to deny it (Quran). (Surah al-Baqarah, 2/41)

The following is stated in the next verse:

وَلاَ تَلْبِسُوا الْحَقَّ بِالْبَاطِلِ  And do not mix up the truth with the falsehood! - In other words, do not change the true judgements in the Torah and do not show your untrue words as the word of Allah. -    وَتَكْتُمُوا الْحَقَّ وَأَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ nor knowingly conceal the truth. - What is meant by the truth in the verse is the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). The Jews hid it deliberately. (al-Baqarah, 2/42)

In the next verse, the Jews are addressed again as follows:

وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلاَةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ  Attend to your prayers, give the zakat [prescribed alms], وَارْكَعُوا مَعَ الرَّاكِعِينَ and bow down with those who bow down. - Jews would perform prayer without bowing or prostration. In the verse, they are ordered to become Muslims and pray like Muslims. (al-Baqarah, 2/43)

God Almighty gave some orders to the Jews with the aforementioned verses. Now let us write down those orders and see whether the Jews follow those orders or not.

First Order: To believe in the Quran, which was sent down as confirming the Torah, and not to deny it.

Did the Jews obey that command of Allah? No, they didn't. They did not believe in the Quran and denied it.

Second Order: Mixing up the truth with the falsehood. In other words, they are commanded not to change the decrees of the Torah and to make their words look like the verses of Allah.

Did the Jews obey that command of Allah? No, they didn't. They falsified the Torah and mixed their words with the verses of Allah.

Third Order: Not concealing the truth knowingly. What is meant by the truth here is the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). His prophethood was written in the Torah. With the statement of the 146th verse of Surah al-Baqara, Jews knew the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) as they knew their own children. For, the attributes of the Prophet were mentioned in the Torah. Allah ordered them not to hide the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

Did the Jews obey this command of Allah? No, they didn't. They deliberately hid the prophethood of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

Fourth Order: Bowing down with those who bow down. That is, they should perform prayers with prostration and bowing like Muslims. They must definitely first become Muslims in order to perform that prayer.

Well, did the Jews obey this command of Allah? No, they didn't. They did not become Muslims and did not perform prayers with bowing and prostration.

So now we ask: How will the Jews enter Paradise? Based on what deeds will the Jews, who break all the commandments of Allah, deserve Paradise? They did the opposite of whatever Allah said. How can anyone who has seen those verses of the Quran say that the Jews are people of Paradise? Jews still insist on those deeds that will attract the wrath of Allah. The result of that insistence is nothing but Hell.

4. Did Jews distort the Torah?

In the fourth proof, we will make an analysis as follows:

In verse 79 of the chapter of al-Baqara, the Jews' distortion of the Torah is expressed as follows:

 فَوَيْلٌ لِلَّذِينَ  Woe then unto those يَكْتُبُونَ الْكِتَابَ بِأَيْدِيهِمْ  Who write out the Book -meaning Torah-  with their hands ثُمَّ يَقُولُونَ هذَا مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ  and say thereafter: “This is from God"  لِيَشْتَرُوا بِهِ ثَمَنًا قَلِيلاً  that they may barter it for a small price.  فَوَيْلٌ لَهُمْ مِمَّا كَتَبَتْ أَيْدِيهِمْ Woe then unto them for that which their hands had written.     (al-Baqara, 2/ 79)

In the verse above, Allah (swt) clearly states that the Jews falsified the Torah and says, "Woe to them."

It is stated in other verses that the Jews distorted the Torah. For example, the following is stated in the 75th verse of the chapter of al-Baqara:

يَسْمَعُونَ كَلاَمَ اللَّهِ  When some of them used to hear the Word of God ثُمَّ يُحَرِّفُونَهُ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا عَقَلُوهُ  and then deliberately distort it وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ they knowingly perverted it. (al-Baqarah,2/75)

The following is stated in verse 13 of the chapter of Surah al-Ma’idah:

  فَبِمَا نَقْضِهِم مِيثَاقَهُمْ لَعَنَّاهُمْ  But for breaking their covenant We condemned them  وَجَعَلْنَا قُلُوبَهُمْ قَاسِيَةً and hardened their hearts. يُحَرِّفُونَ الْكَلِمَ عَنْ مَوَاضِعِهِ  They distorted the words of the Scripture. meaning falsifying the Torah- (al-Ma’idah, 5/13)

The Jews’ distorting the Torah is mentioned in Surah an-Nisa in verse 46, Surah al-Ma’idah in verse 41, and some other verses in the Quran. In order to keep it short, we think that those proofs are enough.

Now let us think about this: Allah, the owner of the Torah, says, "The Jews falsified My book." In that case, the book that the Jews follow is not the Torah that Allah sent down to Moses. Only Allah knows how many parts of the existing Torah belong to Allah, and how many parts of it Jews wrote with their hands...

Now our question is as follows:

How can those who follow a falsified book enter Paradise though the original book sent by Allah is not present, the Torah has been falsified and its verses have been changed?

Moreover, Allah has declared that He cursed them. Does Allah put the servants He cursed into His Paradise? Allah's curse means depriving them of His mercy. Now we ask:

Can those who are deprived of mercy enter Paradise?  Can those who falsify the Torah enter Paradise?  Can those who follow a book that has been falsified and in which the decrees of Allah have been distorted enter Paradise? 

If Allah had been pleased with their acts based on the Torah, would He have sent down the Quran? Allah sent down the Quran and Prophet Muhammad (pbuh); it means He is not satisfied with the current Torah and the state of the Jews. Will Allah admit the people He does not consent with into heaven? No, He never will.

All of that is valid for Christians as well because the Gospel was also distorted like the Torah and Allah's verses were changed.

As the Quran expresses it, can those who follow a book written by their hands enter Paradise?

5. Has Allah cursed the Jews?

Our fifth proof is as follows:

Allah Almighty states in many verses that He cursed the Jews. For example, in the 88th verse of the chapter of al-Baqarah, the following is stated:

 لَعَنَهُمُ اللَّه بِكُفْرِهِمْ  Allah has cursed them for their disbelief. فَقَلِيلاً مَا يُؤْمِنُونَ So little is it that they believe. - That is, if they believe in one thing, they deny the other. They do not believe in most of the things that must be believed.- (al-Baqarah, 2/88)

In the verse above, Allah declares that He cursed them. He mentions their disbelief as the reason. Allah states the following clearly about the Jews: "I have cursed them, and they are disbelievers."; then some people say, "The people of the book will enter Paradise." Do they not see that verse? Maybe they did not see that verse but do they not see in many other verses that they are disbelievers and Allah has cursed them?

For example, the following is stated in the 46th verse of the chapter of an-Nisa:

  وَلكِنْ لَعَنَهُمُ اللَّهُ بِكُفْرِهِمْ But Allah has cursed them for their disbelief. (Surah an-Nisa, 4/46)

The following is stated in verse 13 of the chapter of al-Ma’idah:

  فَبِمَا نَقْضِهِم مِيثَاقَهُمْ لَعَنَّاهُمْ  So for their breaking of the covenant, We cursed them. - That is, We cursed them for breaking their previous promises that they would believe in the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). (Surah al-Ma’idah, 5/13)

The following is stated in verse 78 of the chapter of al-Ma’idah:

   لُعِنَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِن بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ  Cursed were those who disbelieved among the Children of Israel. - The term Children of Israel means Jews. Among the Jews, those who are disbelievers are those who did not convert to Islam. Some Jews, such as Abdullah Ibn Salam, were excluded because they converted to Islam.-  (Surah al-Ma’idah, 5/78)

In many other verses like the ones above, Allah declares that He cursed the Jews. Allah's curse is to deprive them of His mercy. Allah says, "I have deprived the Jews of My mercy." Then some people say, "The people of the book will enter Paradise." says. If that is not slandering Allah and the Quran, what is it? I refer it to your conscience...

6. Under what conditions can the People of the Book be regarded as believers?

Our sixth proof is this:

 The following is stated in verse 137 of the chapter of al-Baqarah:

 فَإِنْ آمَنُوا بِمِثْلِ مَا آمَنْتُمْ بِهِ  So if they (Jews and Christians) believe in the same as you believe in فَقَدِ اهْتَدَوْا then they have been [rightly] guided,  وَاِنْ تَوَلَّوْا  but if they turn away, فَاِنَّمَا هُمْ فِي شِقَاقٍ  they are only in dissension. (Surah al-Baqarah, 2/137)

Let us analyze that verse now:

The following is stated at the beginning of the verse: "If they believe in the same as you believe..." That clause is a conditional clause. The clause that comes after is called the main clause. The realization of the main clause depends on the realization of the condition.

What is the condition in that verse? The condition is their believing as we believe.

So how do we believe? Our belief is as follows; We say Allah (swt) is free from having a child or a spouse; we believe in the oneness of Allah; we believe that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the prophet of Allah; we believe that the Quran is the word of Allah and so on... That is our belief.

What is going to happen if they believe as we do?

The verse states the following: فَقَدِ اهْتَدَوْا They will certainly have attained guidance. So, their guidance depends on their believing as we do. In that case, the opposite meaning of the verse is as follows:

If they do not believe as we believe, they are not regarded to have attained guidance.

Now we ask:

- Do Jews and Christians believe as we believe?
- Do they believe in our Prophet (pbuh)?
- Do they believe in the Quran?
- Do they believe in Islam?..

No, they do not believe in any of them. Their guidance is dependent on believing as we do. Since they do not believe like us, they have not attained guidance.

Now we ask:

- How will the people who have not attained guidance get into Paradise?

Besides, the source of their lack of guidance is not deeds, but creed and faith. How can those who do not have any share of the guidance in faith, who ascribe to Allah a spouse and child, will attain eternal bliss in Paradise?

Now let us look at the continuation of the verse:

وَاِنْ تَوَلَّوْا  But if they turn away,- that is,  if they do not believe like you, if they do not become Muslims- فَاِنَّمَا هُمْ فِي شِقَاقٍ , they are simply opposed to the truth. (Surah al-Baqarah, 2/137)

Did the people of the book turn away from Islam? Yes, they did. So, what does the verse say about them? It says: They are in opposition. Opposition towards whom?

- Opposition towards Allah's Messenger;
- Opposition towards Allah's book;
- Opposition towards the religion of Allah
- And they oppose Allah...

Does Allah ever admit those who are hostile to His beloved Prophet, His book and His religion into His Paradise? We refer the answer to that question to you.

7. The end of those who deny Allah's verses!

Our seventh proof is this:

The following is stated in verse 4 of the Surah Aal-i Imran:

 إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ  Surely those who reject Allah’s revelations لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ  will suffer a severe torment. (Surah Aal-i Imran, 3/4)

Now, let us make an analysis on that verse:

The following is stated at the beginning of the verse: "Surely those who reject Allah’s revelations…” What is meant by the "revelations" here is the verses of the Quran. Accordingly, the meaning of the verse is "those who deny Allah's book, those who deny the Quran."

Now we ask: 

- Do the People of the Book deny Allah's verses?

Yes they do. They do not believe that the Quran is the book of Allah. They accept the Quran as a human word. In that case, they are included in the group of "Those who reject Allah’s revelations…" mentioned in the verse.

Well, what is the end of that group?

The verse says,  لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ there is a severe torment for them.

To understand the judgement of the verse better, let us sum it up as follows:

For whom is there a severe punishment? For those who deny Allah's verses. So, do the People of the Book deny Allah's verses? Yes, they do. So, what awaits them? Severe torment.

- Do the People of the Book deny our Prophet (pbuh)? Yes, they deny him.
- Do they oppose him? Yes, they oppose him.
- Do they have hostility towards to him? Yes, they do.
- So, how will they enter heaven in that case?

Although the Quran states in tens of verses that those who oppose our Prophet (pbuh), those who deny and rebel against him, and those who are enemies of him will enter Hell. However, some so-called theologians say, “The People of the Book will enter Paradise.” By Allah, it is a slander against the Quran, it is a slander against Allah.

That is what the Quran says. However, some so-called theologians say, “The People of the Book will enter Paradise.” How can someone who denies the verses of Allah and The Book of Allah enter Paradise? The verse clearly says that he/she cannot enter, but some so-called theologians turn a blind eye to the judgement of the verse...

Let us do the same analysis from the perspective of our Prophet (pbuh):

- What will happen to those who do not believe in, oppose and have hostility towards our Prophet (pbuh)?

The Quran answers that question with many verses. For example, the following is stated in verse 13 of the Surah al-Anfal:

وَمَنْ يُشَاقِقِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ  Whoever defies Allah and His Messenger فَاِنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ  then know that Allah is surely severe in punishment. (Surah al-Anfal, 8/13)

The following is stated in verse 63 of the Surah at-Tawbah:

  أَلَمْ يَعْلَمُوا أَنَّهُ  Do they not know that مَنْ يُحَادِدِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ  whoever opposes Allah and His Messenger   فَأَنَّ لَهُ نَارَ جَهَنَّمَ  will be in the Fire خَالِدًا فِيهَا  of Hell forever? ذَلِكَ الْخِزْيُ الْعَظِيمُ  That is the ultimate disgrace. (Surah at-Tawbah, 9/63)

The following is stated in verse 80 of the Surah at-Tawbah:

  فَلَنْ يَغْفِرَ اللَّهُ لَهُمْ  Allah will never forgive them.  ذَلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ  That is because كَفَرُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ  They have lost faith in Allah and His Messenger. (Surah at-Tawbah, 9/80)

There are many verses like the ones above. In all those verses, it is stated that those who deny the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), those who oppose him, and those who do not believe in him will enter Hell.

8. Invitation to the People of the Book

Our eighth proof is this:

The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) invited not only idolaters and unbelievers but also the People of the Book to Islam. For example, the following is stated in the Surah Aal-i Imran:

قُلْ  Say, - That is an order to te Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)-   يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ  “O People of the Book! تَعَالَوْا  Let us come - Come to what?-    اِلَى كَلِمَةٍ سَوَاءٍ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكُمْ  to common terms  -What is that term?-    أَلاَّ نَعْبُدَ اِلاَّ اللَّهَ that we will worship none but Allah وَلاَ نُشْرِكَ بِهِ شَيْئًا  associate none with Him وَلاَ يَتَّخِذَ بَعْضُنَا بَعْضًا أَرْبَابًا مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ  nor take one another as lords instead of Allah.” (Surah Aal-i Imran, 3/64)

As we see in the verse, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) invites the People of the Book to Islam. He says to them: “Do not worship anyone but Allah, and do not associate anything with Allah, and do not take one another as gods instead of Allah...”

- Well, did the People of the Book respond to that invitation?

No, - except for a few- they did not. They still attribute a son to Allah and associate partners with Allah. They accept the prophet and servant of Allah as a god. Christians regard Jesus (pbuh) and Jews regard Uzair (pbuh) as the son of God and they do not accept the invitation of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). So how will they enter heaven in that case?

Again, in the Surah Aal-i Imran, our Prophet (pbuh) is ordered to invite them to Islam as follows:

قُلْ لِلَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ وَالأُمِّيِّينَ  And ask those who were given the Scripture and the illiterate people –meaning idolatrous unbelievers-, أَأَسْلَمْتُمْ “Have you submitted yourselves to Allah?”  فَاِنْ أَسْلَمُوا فَقَدِ اهْتَدَوْا  If they submit, they will be rightly guided. (Surah Aal-i Imran, 3/20)

With the statement of that verse, our Prophet (pbuh) was obliged to invite them to Islam, and he did. The verse has made it a condition that they submit to Allah to be guided. The opposite meaning of the verse is as follows: If they do not become Muslims, they will not be guided.

So, did they convert to Islam? No, they didn't. In that case, they are not guided. How will those who are not guided enter Paradise?

There is a lot that can be said about the verse. However, our focus in that proof is as follows:

Like the 2 verses we have given as examples, with the statement of many verses, our Prophet (pbuh) invited the People of the Book to Islam. He made that invitation by the order of Allah.

Here is our question:

- Does that invitation have any significance, or has it been made casually?

It certainly has great significance. Allah (swt) does not command His Messenger to do anything that is not significant.

If that invitation is important – and it is - , it means the People of the Book did not respond to that invitation and did not become Muslims. If it is said that they will enter Paradise in that case, it is necessary to admit that the invitation is an insignificant invitation, that it is not necessary to accept it, and that Allah ordered it for no reason – God forbid -. “If they follow the invitation, it will be nice, but if they don't, it doesn't matter.” That meaning arises in that case.

Without accepting that premise, it cannot be accepted that the People of the Book will go to Paradise. If anyone accepts it as, we will address him as follows:

O heedless person! Allah is wise; He does not do any deeds in vain, nor does He command casually. If Allah had been pleased with them and had not wanted them to be Muslims, He would not have ordered the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to invite them to Islam with tens of His verses. Their salvation is possible only by accepting that invitation. Those who accept the invitation will achieve salvation, and those who refuse the invitation will stay in Hell forever.

9. Under what conditions can Jews and Christians be rewarded?

Our ninth proof is as follows:

The 199th verse of the Surah Aal-i Imran starts as follows: "And there are, certainly, among the people of the Scripture.” The following is stated at the end of the verse: “Those people will have their rewards with their Lord.” It is stated that those people from the People of the Book will receive the reward.

And what are the attributes of the People of the Book who will be rewarded? What deed did Allah want them to do?

 Let us find out the answer to our question by looking at the verse:

وَاِنَّ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ لَمَنْ  And there are, certainly, among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)  يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ  those who believe in Allah وَمَا أُنْزِلَ اِلَيْكُمْ and what has been sent down to you - in other words, they believe in the Quran -  وَمَا أُنْزِلَ اِلَيْهِمْ  and what has been sent down to them - that is, they believe in the Torah and the Gospel -  خَاشِعِينَ لِلَّهِ  being submissive to Allah; لاَ يَشْتَرُونَ بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ ثَمَنًا قَلِيلاً  they do not trade the signs of Allah for a little price. أُولئِكَ لَهُمْ أَجْرُهُمْ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ  Those have their reward in the Providence of their Lord. Allah is Swift in account. (Surah Aal-i Imran, 3/199)

In the verse, Allah mentions 5 attributes of the People of the Book that He will reward. They are as follows:

1. Believing in Allah.

2. Believing in the Quran. That is, becoming Muslims.

3. To believe in the Torah and the Gospel.

4. Being submissive to Allah

5. Not trading the signs of Allah for a little price

The People of the Book can attain the reward of Allah based on those five conditions.

Let us talk about our issue, the second condition.

Second Condition: Believing in the Quran. That is, becoming Muslims. Do the People of the Book believe in the Quran? No, they don't. In that case, they have not fulfilled the requirement for their reward. If the conditions are not met, the main clause will not be realized. Then, there can be no mention of a reward for them. In order to be rewarded, they must believe in the Quran. If it does not happen, the only thing they will see in the hereafter is punishment.

The following can be stated: They meet other conditions. They believe both in Allah and their own scriptures. Some of them are submissive to Allah and they do not trade the signs of Allah for a little price. Is fulfilling those conditions not enough for reward?

Our answer to that question is as follows:

If those conditions were sufficient and there was no condition for them to believe in the Quran, the conditions necessary for the reward would include the addition of a condition that is unnecessary. In other words, the condition of believing in the Quran, which has no effect on reward, would be added to the conditions necessary for reward. However, in terms of eloquence, it is not permissible to add an unnecessary condition to a condition that will produce the result alone. The Quran has been sent down with eloquence. It proves that belief in the Quran is not an unnecessary condition, it is a prerequisite.

10. Threat against Jews and Christians

Our tenth proof is the 47th verse of the Surah an-Nisa. The following is stated in the verse:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ  O you who have been given the Scripture! - Jews and Christians- آمِنُوا بِمَا نَزَّلْنَا  believe in what We have sent down –that is Quran-   مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا مَعَكُمْ confirming that which is with you –Gospel and the Torah- مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ نَطْمِسَ وُجُوهًا فَنَرُدَّهَا عَلَى أَدْبَارِهَا  before We obliterate faces and turn them toward their backs أَوْ نَلْعَنَهُمْ كَمَا لَعَنَّا أَصْحَابَ السَّبْتِ  or curse them as We cursed the Sabbath-breakers (of old time). The commandment of Allah is always executed.  (Surah an-Nisa, 4/47)

Allah invites the People of the Book to believe in that verse and says,

“O People of the Book! Believe in the Quran I have sent down. The Quran confirms your all books. That is, the Torah and the Gospel are the book of Allah.”

Allah Almighty threatens them after that invitation and says,

“Believe in what We have sent down before We obliterate faces and turn them toward their backs or curse them as We cursed the Sabbath-breakers (of old time).”

The Sabbath-breakers are the people of David. They were prohibited from fishing on Saturday. They broke that ban and continued fishing. Allah turned them into apes. That story is told in the Surah of al-A’raf. Allah has threatened the People of the book, who do not believe in the Quran, with a curse just as He has cursed Sabbath-breakers. He also threatened to flatten their faces like the foot of the camel and to turn their heads upside down. Those threats prove that the People of the Book are responsible for belief in the Quran. If it had been enough for them to follow their own religion only, they would not have been invited to believe in the Quran, and they would not have been threatened.

The following question may come to mind:

- Allah threatened them, but He did not fulfill the threat. What is the reason for it?

Scholars have answered that question in several aspects:

The first answer: That threat would have been fulfilled if none of them had believed. Since some, such as Abdullah Ibn Salam, believed, the condition was broken and the threat was not fulfilled.

The second answer is: That threat is still valid and will be fulfilled before Doomsday strikes.

The third answer: That threat will be fulfilled on the Day of Judgment. Allah (swt) will flatten their faces and curse them on that day.

Other answers have also been given. Since it is not our topic, those three answers are enough for now.

Let us gather and complete the proof once again:

Allah Almighty invited the People of the Book to believe in the Quran and threatened them to flatten their faces and curse them if they do not believe in it. That invitation and threat prove that belief in the Quran is a must for the People of the Book. If belief in the Quran were only a virtue for them, they would not have been threatened with damnation. The curse of Allah means a servant’s being completely deprived of Allah’s mercy. Since the People of the Book who do not believe in the Quran and Islam have been subjected to that curse, Paradise is unthinkable for them. Paradise is the place of only those who attain the mercy of Allah.

11. Whoever denies a single prophet becomes an unbeliever

Our eleventh proof is the 150th verse of the Surah an-Nisa. The following is stated in the verse

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَكْفُرُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِ Surely those who deny Allah and His messengers وَيُرِيدُونَ أَنْ يُفَرِّقُوا بَيْنَ اللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِ  and wish to make a distinction between Allah and His messengers  وَيقُولُونَ نُؤْمِنُ بِبَعْضٍ وَنَكْفُرُ بِبَعْضٍ   saying, “We believe in some and disbelieve in others,”   وَيُرِيدُونَ أَنْ يَتَّخِذُوا بَيْنَ ذلِكَ سَبِيلاً   desiring to forge a compromise   أُولئِكَ هُمُ الْكَافِرُونَ حَقًّا they are indeed the true disbelievers. وَأَعْتَدْنَا لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَذَابًا مُهِينًا And We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment.  (Surah an-Nisa, 4/150-151)

In the verse, Allah says about the two groups, "They are the true disbelievers." He states that He prepared for them a humiliating punishment. The first of those two groups are those who deny Allah and His prophets. They are atheists. Those disbelievers are already known ...

The disbelievers in the second group believe in Allah. They also believe in prophets. What makes them disbelievers is to try to discriminate between Allah and some of the prophets, and to deny some of the prophets. As it is clearly stated in the verse, if a person denies a single prophet, he/she becomes an unbeliever.

Jews deny both Jesus and Muhammad (pbuh). They discriminate between those two prophets and Allah. Christians accept Moses but they deny Muhammad (pbuh). They also discriminate between our Prophet (pbuh) and Allah. The Jews and the Christians state the following in the tongue of disposition: "We believe in some of the prophets, and we deny some of them." Let us see once again what Allah states about them:

يُرِيدُونَ أَنْ يُفَرِّقُوا بَيْنَ اللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِ  Those who wish to make a distinction between Allah and His messengers - That is, those who disbelieve a prophet and discriminate between him and Allah - وَيقُولُونَ نُؤْمِنُ بِبَعْضٍ وَنَكْفُرُ بِبَعْضٍ   the ones who say “We believe in some and disbelieve in others,” –that is, those who say "We believe in the Prophet Moses, but we deny the Prophet Jesus" is an example or those who say, "We believe in the Prophet Jesus, but we deny the Prophet Muhammad.”-   وَيُرِيدُونَ أَنْ يَتَّخِذُوا بَيْنَ ذلِكَ سَبِيلاً  and seek to choose a way in between – between disbelief and faith-; أُولئِكَ هُمُ الْكَافِرُونَ حَقًّا they are indeed the true disbelievers. وَأَعْتَدْنَا لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَذَابًا مُهِينًا And We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment.  (Surah an-Nisa, 4/150-151)

What did Allah say about the Jews and Christians? He said,

“They are indeed the true disbelievers. And We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment.”

That is what Allah says. He says that the thing they do is to discriminate between Allah and His messengers, to believe in some of the prophets and to deny some of them. He declares that they are unbelievers. 

Then, someone says, "The people of the Book will enter Paradise... “

Do you not fear from Allah Almighty? Do you not have mind or reasoning? How can you slander Allah and the Quran? How can you not see such clear verses?

You see and you know the truth but what you want is something different. You do not want improvement but disorder. May Allah give this ummah knowledge of the Quran so that they will not believe in devils like you.

12. If the people of the book were People of Paradise, would it be forbidden for us to make friends with them?

Our twelfth proof is the 51st verse of the Surah al-Ma’idah. The following is stated in the verse:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا  O believers!  لاَ تَتَّخِذُوا الْيَهُودَ وَالنَّصَارَى أَوْلِيَاء  Do not make the Jews and the Christians your friends;  بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ بَعْضٍ    they are friends of one another. وَمَنْ يَتَوَلَّهُمْ مِنْكُمْ فَاِنَّهُ مِنْهُمْ  and whoever among you befriends them, is one of them; indeed Allah does not guide the unjust. (Surah al-Ma’idah, 5/51)

Making Jews and Christians friends is prohibited by the decree of that verse. Allah says, "Do not make them friends" and threatens us as follows: If you make them friends, you are one of them.

Now our question is:

- If Jews and Christians were to enter heaven, would that threat make any sense?

If they were to enter Paradise, it would be a blessing to be one of them. However, in the verse, Allah says, "Do not be one of them". So, they are not valuable servants in the sight of Allah. And their destination is not Paradise...

Let us declare the following point:

At the end of the aforementioned verse,  إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ  Indeed Allah does not guide the unjust. (Surah Al-Ma’idah, 5/51) is stated. The “unjust” mentioned in the verse are the ones who make Jews and Christians friends.

We want to ask the following:

- If those who make them friends are cruel, not Jews and Christians are crueler?

- How is it possible for such wrongdoers to enter Paradise?

- Will heaven ever accept them?

Let us look at the issue from the following point of view:

1. Allah forbids us to make friends with them in the verse above and some other verses.

2. Allah commands us to fight them in verse 29 of the Surah at-Tawbah.

3. By the judgment of many verses, Allah forbids us from being like them.

Now, those who say "People of the Book will enter Paradise" should answer the following questions:

1. If they are to enter Paradise, why does Allah forbid us to take them as friends? How can it be forbidden to make friends with and love the people of Paradise?

2. If they are to enter Paradise, why does Allah command us to fight them? The people of Paradise are the special servants of Allah. Is it ever possible to fight them?

3. If they are to enter Paradise, why does Allah forbid us to be like them? Is there anything better than being like the people of Paradise and imitating their deeds?

The result of all those analyses are as follows:

Jews and Christians cannot enter Paradise or even smell heaven unless they convert to Islam.

13. Those who do not have faith can never enter Paradise.

Our thirteenth proof is the 65th verse of the Surah al-Ma’idah. The following is stated in the verse:

وَلَوْ أَنَّ أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ آمَنُوا وَاتَّقَوْا  Had the People of the Book only been faithful and mindful of Allah لَكَفَّرْنَا عَنْهُمْ سَيِّئَاتِهِمْ   We would have certainly absolved them of their sins  وَلأَدْخَلْنَاهُمْ جَنَّاتِ النَّعِيمِ  and admitted them into the Gardens of Bliss.  (Surah al-Ma’idah, 5/65)

In the verse, our Lord says: “Had the People of the Book only been faithful...” That statement proves that the People of the Book are not faithful. If they had believed, Allah would not have made that statement about them. His statement like that proves that the People of the Book have no acceptable faith in the sight of Allah. There is no doubt that a person who has no faith cannot enter Paradise...

Our Lord also states the following in the verse: “Had the People of the Book only been mindful of Allah...” That statement proves that the People of the Book have no taqwa. For, if they had taqwa (piousness, fear of Allah), Allah would not make that statement about them. His statement proves that the People of the Book have no taqwa in the sight of Allah.

However, as the following verse states, Paradise has been prepared for those who have taqwa:  أُعِدَّتْ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ  Heavens are prepared for those who mindful of Allah. (Surah Aal-i Imran, 3/133)

The first rank of taqwa: Avoiding unbelief and shirk (polytheism). That is, avoiding words and deeds that may contain unbelief and shirk. People of the Book have failed in the first rank of taqwa. In that case, they will not be able to enter Paradise. For, only those who have taqwa, at least those who have achieved the first rank of taqwa, will be able to enter Paradise.

Briefly: The key to Paradise is faith and taqwa. With the statement of the aforementioned verse, the People of the Book are deprived of those two keys. It proves that the People of the Book will never enter Paradise unless they repent to Allah and convert to Islam, that is, unless they believe properly and achieve the first rank of taqwa, they will not be able to enter heaven.... 

14. Unless the People of the Book accept the Quran, they are not on the right path.

Our fourteenth proof is the 68th verse of the Surah al-Ma’idah. The following is stated in the verse:

قُلْ   Say: يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ  "O People of the Book! لَسْتُمْ عَلَى شَيْءٍ  You have nothing to stand on - In other words, you are not on the right path; You have nothing to do with the truth.-   حَتَّىَ تُقِيمُوا التَّوْرَاةَ وَالإِنجِيلَ unless you observe the Torah, the Gospel, and what has been revealed to you from your Lord unless you act according to them.-  وَمَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكُمْ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ  And your Lord’s revelation (Quran) to you –if you don’t act according to Lord’s revelation.- (Surah al-Ma’idah, 5/68)

In the verse, it is declared that the People of the Book are not on the right path unless they do three things. They are as follows:

1. To act according to the Torah.
2. To act according to the Gospel.
3. To act in accordance with the Quran.

Unless they do those three things, they are not on the right path. That is the clear statement of the verse.

Now our question is as follows:

- Do People of the Book act in accordance with the Quran?
- Do they accept the Quran as true?

No, they neither accept it nor act based on it. In that case, as the verse states, they are not on the true path. How will those who are not on the true path get into Paradise?

Allah also asked them to act according to the Torah and the Gospel. What is meant by acting according to the Torah and the Gospel in the verse is not that they will act according to the judgements of the Quran and their own books after becoming a Muslim. The Quran abrogates the judgments of those books. Therefore, after they become Muslims, they will not act according to the judgements of their own books.

What is meant by the command of the verse to act according to the Torah and the Gospel is as follows:

The glad tiding that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) will come is mentioned in those books. The Torah and the Gospel command people to believe in the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

Let us state it again:

To act according to the Torah and the Gospel means believing in the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). It does not mean that they will act based on their own books after becoming Muslims.

Now, let us have a look at the current state of the People of the Book:

1. Jews do not act according to the Torah. Although the Torah commands them to believe in the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), they do not believe. Let alone believing, they tried to remove the verses that informed people of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) from their books. That action of theirs is mentioned in many verses of the Quran.

2. Christians do not act based on the Gospel. Although the Gospel commands them to believe in the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), they do not believe in him either. They also tried to remove the verses that informed about the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) from the Gospel. That action of theirs is mentioned in the Quran too.

3. Both Jews and Christians do not act in accordance with the Quran. Let alone acting, they do not even accept the holy Quran.

Allah (swt) says,

“O People of the Book! You have nothing to stand on unless you observe the Torah, the Gospel, and what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” (Surah al-Ma’idah, 5/68)

Allah says so and declares that they are not on the right path. Then a so-called theologian says: “The People of the Book are going to enter heaven ...”

Are you the owner of heaven? The owner of heaven says that unless they do those three things, they are not on the right path. And I will not let the one who is not on the right path into my Paradise. That is what the owner of heaven says, but our so-called theologian says, - We do not know with whom he ingratiates himself - “they will enter Paradise.”

15. Can those who associate partners with Allah enter Paradise?

Our fifteenth proof is the 30th verse of the Surah at-Tawbah. The following is stated in the verse:

وَقَالَتِ الْيَهُودُ عُزَيْرٌ ابْنُ اللَّهِ  The Jews say, “Ezra is the son of Allah,”   وَقَالَتِ النَّصَارَى الْمَسِيحُ ابْنُ اللَّهِ  while the Christians say, “The Messiah is the son of Allah.” ذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُمْ بِأَفْوَاهِهِمْ  Such are their baseless assertions, يُضَاهِؤُونَ قَوْلَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ  only parroting the words of earlier disbelievers..  قَاتَلَهُمُ اللَّهُ أَنَّى يُؤْفَكُونَ  May Allah condemn them! How can they be deluded from the truth? (Surah at-Tawbah, 9/30)

The verse explains the beliefs of Jews and Christians. Jews believe that (Uzayr) Ezra and Christians believe that Jesus is the son of Allah. In other words, they associate Allah's prophets as partners with Allah. It is called "committing shirk (polytheism)".

In that case, we will try to find an answer to the following question:

Can those who associate partners with Allah enter Paradise?

The Quran will answer it: The following is stated in verse 72 of the Surah of al-Ma’idah:

مَنْ يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ  Whoever associates others with Allah in worship فَقَدْ حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ الْجَنَّةَ  will surely be forbidden Paradise by Allah. وَمَأْوٰيهُ النَّارُ Their home will be the Fire. (Surah of al-Ma’idah, 5/72)

In the verse 48 of the Surah an-Nisa, the following is stated:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَغْفِرُ أَنْ يُشْرَكَ بِهِ   Indeed, Allah does not forgive associating others with Him. (Surah an-Nisa, 4/48)

There are tens of other verses like them. In order to keep the topic short, we do not include all of them.

Now let us find the answers to the following questions based on the verses:

1. Has Allah forbidden His Paradise to those who associate partners with Him? Yes. Our evidence is the 72nd verse of the Surah al-Ma’idah.

2. Has Allah declared that He will never forgive those who associate partners with Him? Yes. Our evidence is the 48th verse of the Surah an-Nisa.

3. Do the Jews and the Christians associate partners with Allah? Yes, they do. The Jews associate Ezra and the Christians associate Jesus with Allah. Our evidence is the 30th verse of the Surah at-Tawbah.

4. Has Allah cursed Jews and Christians? Yes. Allah curses them saying قَاتَلَهُمُ اللَّهُ “May Allah condemn them!” at the end of the verse.

Then, do those who say, "Jews and Christians will enter heaven" not slander the Quran and Allah?  The Quran says, "They are polytheists." Allah says, "I will never forgive the polytheists; I will not let them into my Paradise. Their home is fire; I damn them." Then a so-called theologian who is actually impertinent says, "The People of the Book will enter heaven."

So far, we have proved with verses that the People of the Book are the people of Hell and have shown many proofs. There is much more evidence we can show. However, after all those proofs, we do not show any other verses as proof, thinking that showing more may bore you.

Answers to the claims of those who say, “The People of the Book will enter Paradise.”

1. Explanation of the verse "Those to whom We have given the Book follow it as it ought to be followed.“ (Surah al-Baqarah)

There are some statements of those who say that the People of the Book will enter Paradise.

Their first statement is as follows: They say,

“The following is stated in the 121st verse of the Surah al-Baqarah: ‘Those to whom We have given the Book follow it as it ought to be followed.’ In the verse, it is stated that the People of the Book follow their own books properly. Allah praises them, saying that they follow their books properly. Those whom Allah praises must surely be People of Paradise."

They talk nonsensically. We answer them as follows:

You really do not understand the Quran at all. By Allah, the Quran is in one valley, you are in another valley.  There is a distance as far as the earth and the sky between you and the Quran. Where in the verse is it stated that the People of the Book will enter Paradise? What you do is a falsification of the verse. Now let us make a correct explanation of the abovementioned verse. Let us make it clear once again to see how perverted and ignorant you are.

The following is stated in the verse: "Those to whom We have given the Book follow it as it ought to be followed."

"Who are those who are given books?" There are 4 different explanations of it.

According to Imam Nasafi, Fakhr ar-Razi and Imam Alusi, those who were given the Book are the Companions of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). In that case, the book means the Quran. Then, the meaning of the verse is as follows: The Companions, to whom we gave the Quran as a book, follow the Quran properly.

What is meant to follow the Quran properly is to read it with awe, to think about its meaning, to accept what is halal in it as halal and what is haram as haram and to accept all its decrees.

That is the First opinion on the explanation of the verse.

The second view is the second explanation of Imam Nasafi and Imam Alusi. They state the following: What is meant by “Those to whom We have given the Book" are the people like Abdullah Ibn Salam, who converted to Islam when he was a Judaist. In that case, the book in the verse is "the Torah". Then, the meaning of the verse is as follows:

"Those to whom we have given the Torah - that is, Abdullah Ibn Salam and the people like him - follow the Torah properly."

What is meant by following the Torah properly is as follows:

The Torah informs people about the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and orders people to believe in him. So, by following the Torah properly, those people recognized the signs of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and believed in him....

That is the second opinion on the explanation of the verse.

The third view is the third explanation of Imam Nasafi and Imam Alusi. Those imams state the following as the third explanation:

They are 40 people who converted to Islam from Christianity. 32 of them are from Yemen and 8 are from Damascus. They came from Abyssinia with Jafar Ibn Abi Talib.

According to that explanation, the book in this verse is the "Gospel". The meaning of the verse is as follows:

“Those to whom we have given the Gospel, that is, the abovementioned forty people, follow the Gospel properly.”

What is meant by reading the Gospel properly is as follows: 

The Gospel informs people about the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and commands people to believe in him. By following the Gospel properly, those people recognized the signs of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and believed in him. That is the third opinion on the explanation of the verse.

The fourth view is the explanation of Ibn Qisa. According to his explanation, what is meant by "Those who are given the Book" are the prophets. In that case, the book in the verse is a common noun and includes the books given to all the prophets. So, the meaning of the verse is as follows:

"The prophets to whom we have given the book follow it properly.”

We have made four different explanations for the verse. Now we ask: 

- What has the verse got to do with the People of the Book entering Paradise?

It has nothing to do with it. However, those mischief-makers easily deceive those who do not know the Quran. They show unrelated verses and lead those who have no knowledge of the Quran astray. May Allah protect the Ummah of Muhammad (pbuh) from their evil. May Allah, the Almighty, give the Ummah of Muhammad the ability to understand the Quran and the sagacity to know the mischief of mischief-makers. Amin…

2. Who is the righteous ummah among the People of the Book?

We will answer the second statement of those who say that the People of the Book will enter Paradise.

They say,

“The following is stated in verse 113 of the Surah Aal-i Imran:

‘There are some among the People of the Book who are upright, who recite Allah’s revelations throughout the night, prostrating in prayer.’

In the verse, it is stated that a group from the People of the Book are upright and they are praised for reciting Allah's verses in prostration at night. Allah praises that community from the People of the Book. Those whom Allah praises must surely be people of Paradise. It proves that Jews and Christians who practice their religion properly will enter Paradise....” 

What they say is false. As we always say, they do not know and they do not ask anyone who knows. They do not understand the Quran and do not read the works of those who understand it. They both go astray and lead people astray.

Let us explain the aforementioned verse now. Let us see who is mentioned in the verse:

Ibn Ishaq, Imam Tabarani and Imam Bayhaqi report that Ibn Abbas said the following about the verse:

“When some Jews, such as Abdullah Ibn Salam, Thalaba Ibn Sa'ya, Usayd Ibn Sa'ya, Asayd Ibn Ubayd, believed and converted to Islam, Jewish scholars said,

‘Only the worst of us believed in and followed Muhammad. If they were one of our good people, they would not have abandoned their fathers’ religion and converted to another religion."  

“After they said so, Allah sent down that verse to declare the virtue of those Muslims.” (Suyuti and Qurtubi tafsirs)

"There are some among the People of the Book who are upright." By that expression in the verse, those people, who were formerly Jews and later converted to Islam, were meant.

Well, who makes that explanation? Ibn Abbas, who was one of the greatest tafsir scholars among the Companions and who said, "If I lose my camel's bridle, I will find it in the Quran", does. In order to understand a verse correctly, it is necessary to know the reason why that verse sent down. If a verse is interpreted without knowing the reason, it will be misunderstood.

That verse was sent down about people who converted to Islam while they were Jews before; Allah praised both them and those who were Muslims like them. The verse has nothing to do with those who insist on Judaism and Christianity. And no scholars and commentators have explained the verse like those mischief-makers until now.

Now we say to those mischief-makers who explain the verse according to their own thoughts: Let us suppose that you do not accept the word of any scholar and you are more knowledgeable than all of them. How will you explain the verses that we showed before, stating that the People of the Book will enter Hell since you explain the verse according to your own thoughts? Come on, explain it... Or are you going to turn a blind eye to those verses? Or will you remove them from the Quran? How will you explain so many verses? Tell us so that we can know.

3. There are two kinds of ignorance

We will answer the third statement of those who say that the People of the Book will enter Paradise.

The following is stated in verse 62 of the Surah al-Baqara:

“Verily! Those who believe and those who are Jews and Christians, and Sabians, whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and do righteous good deeds shall have their reward with their Lord, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.”

They say that verse is a proof that Jews and Christians will enter heaven ...

We say to them first of all: There are two kinds of ignorance.

1. Simple ignorance: Those in this group do not know, but they know that they do not know. It is easy to correct them.

2. Complex ignorance: They are those who do not know and who do not know that they do not know. They think they know. It is very difficult to correct them.

Those who use the aforementioned verse as evidence that the People of the Book will enter Paradise are in the pit of complex ignorance. They do not know, and they do not know that they do not know, either. It is very difficult to correct them. We will make the correct explanation of the verse now, not in order to correct them, but for those who are poisoned by their statements. Thus, it will be revealed how they are in ignorance and are unable to understand what they read...

The verse mentions 4 groups: The Believers, Jews, Christians, Sabiun.

According to one view, Sabiun are those who worship the stars, and according to another view, they are the ones who worship angels. Now let us analyze each group one by one in order to understand the verse more easily. Let us leave the "believers" mentioned at the beginning to the end and start with the Jews...

Allah says about the Jews,

"Whoever among the Jews believes in Allah and the Judgement Day and does righteous deeds, their reward is surely secure with their Lord." (Surah al-Baqara, 3/62)

What do you understand from that statement? Let us shorten the sentence so that we can analyze it easily: Whoever believes among the Jews ...

Is it not clear from that sentence that the Jews have no acceptable faith in the sight of Allah? If they had an acceptable faith, Allah would not have said, "Whoever believes among the Jews..." Indeed, a believer will not be asked to believe again. That would mean to want them to achieve an attribute that have already achieved, which is not permissible and possible.

In that case, it is understood that the belief of the Jews is not acceptable and that they are in disbelief. Then, the meaning of the verse is as follows:

 “Who among the Jews believes in Allah as the Quran states in the hereafter as described by the Quran and does the righteous deeds stated by the Quran, in other words, if they become believers, they will have a reward from Allah."

That is the meaning of the verse. The verse does not prove that the existing Jews will enter Paradise but that they are unbelievers. And their entering Paradise is dependent on true faith and righteous deeds as described by the Quran.

Let us do the same analysis about Christians now. Allah says about Christians,

"Whoever among the Christians believes in Allah and the Judgement Day and does righteous deeds, their reward is surely secure with their Lord."

Let us shorten the sentence so that we can analyze it easily: Whoever believes among Christians...

Is it not clear from that sentence that the Christians have no acceptable faith in the sight of Allah? If they had an acceptable faith, Allah would not have said, "Whoever believes among the Christians..." Indeed, a believer will not be asked to believe again. That would mean to want them to achieve an attribute that they have already achieved, which is not permissible and possible.

In that case, it is understood that the belief of the Christians is not acceptable and that they are in disbelief. Then, the meaning of the verse is as follows:

 “Who among the Christians believes in Allah as the Quran states, believes in the hereafter as described by the Quran and does the righteous deeds stated by the Quran, in other words, if they become believers, they will have a reward from Allah. "

That is the meaning of the verse. The verse does not prove that the existing Christians will enter Paradise but that they are unbelievers. And their entering Paradise is dependent on true faith and righteous deeds as described by the Quran.

You can do the same analysis about Sabiun. In order to keep the topic short, we will not do that analysis ...

The following question may come to mind:

"Those who believe" is mentioned at the beginning of the verse. According to our analysis, the meaning of the verse is as follows:

“Whoever among the Believers believes in Allah and the Judgement Day and does righteous deeds…”

Let us shorten the sentence so that we can think it easily: Whoever believes among the Believers...

In that case, believers are asked to believe again. If an achieved attribute is impossible to achieve again, how will the confusion here be settled?

The commentators made different explanations as to who is meant by the phrase "believers" in the verse.

Sufyan ath-Thawri states that the people that are meant by believers in the verse are munafiqs and adds the following:

At the very beginning of this Surah, Allah Almighty describes the path of the munafiqs; then, He describes the path of the Jews. The sequence is the same in that verse. What is meant by the expression "Believers" in the verse is munafiqs. Allah describes them like that because they declare their faith just with their tongues.

Accordingly, the meaning of the verse is as follows:

“Whoever repents among the munafiqs who declare their faith with their tongues, believes in Allah and the Hereafter truly and does good deeds, they will have rewards with their Lord. "

The second view on the verse is the view of Ibn Abbas, one of the Companions of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

According to the view of Ibn Abbas, the people meant by the word the "believers" in the verse are those who lived their religion firmly and truly, believed in Jesus, and who were free from the wrong beliefs of Judaism and Christianity before the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was sent as a messenger. They were people who believed in Jesus truly. For example, Quss b. Saida, the monk Bahira, Habibun-Najjar, Waraqah ibn Nawfal, Salman the Persian, Abu Dharr al-Ghifari, and those in the delegation of Negus…

The third view on the verse is the view of Kalam scholars. They say,

“The phrase "believers" at the beginning of the verse refers to those who believed in the past. The people meant by the following phrase "whoever believes" are those who will believe in the future. The addressees of the words are different.”

There are other explanations regarding the expression "believers" in the verse. We will not report all of them so as not to bore you. The bottom line is that the verse has nothing to do with the People of the Book’s entering Paradise. On the contrary, the verse proves that their current belief is not acceptable in the sight of Allah, and that their salvation is possible only by believing in Allah and the hereafter as described in the Quran and by doing the righteous deeds described by the Quran.

Praise be to our Lord since He enabled us to write an issue of faith in a verified manner, and He employed us in that service. May my Lord make it atonement for the sins of those who contributed to that service and those who sincerely read and try to spread those answers. May He make us constant and determined in the service of faith. May He make us His servant and members of the ummah of His beloved Prophet. Amin. Amin. Amin…

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