If a person dies before being able to complete his missed (qada) prayers, will his prayers be completed by his sunnah prayers when he is questioned?
Submitted by on Fri, 05/10/2018 - 16:08
Dear Brother / Sister,
The hadith mentioned in the question is narrated in all of the Kutub as-Sittah books except Bukhari and Muslim, in Musnad of Ahmad b. Hanbal, Sunan of Darimi and Mustadrak of Hakim, having partly different words and chains of narrators. The meaning of the hadith is as follows:
"The first thing a Muslim will be accounted for on the Day of Judgment is prayers. If he performed them fully in the world, there will be no problem for him. Otherwise, the angels will be addressed as follows: 'See if he has supererogatory prayers?' If he has supererogatory prayers, his fard prayers will be completed by them. Then, the same thing is done for the other fard deeds."
As it is seen, it is stated in the hadith that missing fard prayers will be completed by supererogatory prayers. The scholars who explain hadiths state that it is possible to understand the hadith as both "missed prayers to be completed by supererogatory prayers", which is understood from the apparent meaning of the hadith, and "the missing parts of the performed fard prayers like adab, sunnah, khushu, dua and dhikr to be completed by supererogatory prayers". In the explanation of Tirmidhi called "Arizatu'l-Ahwazi", Abu Bakr Ibnu'l-Arabi states the following: "In my opinion, the possibility of missed fard prayers to be completed by supererogatory prayers is stronger because it is stated later in the hadith that the same thing is done for the other fard deeds."
Questions on Islam
- Can supererogatory (nafilah) prayers be regarded as fard prayers in the hereafter if one's fard prayers are incomplete?
- If a person dies before being able to complete his missed (qada) prayers, will his prayers be completed by his sunnah prayers when he is questioned?
- Is it permissible for a person who has not performed his missed prayers (qada) to perform tarawih prayer?
- Can qada (missed) prayers be performed instead of sunnah prayers? Can a person who has to perform qada prayers perform sunnah prayers?
- Is there a hadith meaning a person who accounts for daily prayers will attain salvation?
- Prayers in Congregation
- Can qada (missed) prayers be performed instead of sunnah prayers? It is said that the sunnah prayers of a person are not accepted if he has qada prayers to perform.
- How is the end of a person who has never performed daily prayers in his life; is he considered to have denied Islam with his neglect? Does a person who does not offer prayers become a kafir (unbeliever)?
- What are the evidences of the obligation of kaffarah (atonement) for fasting?
- How many rak’ahs does Friday prayer consist of? Is it necessary to perform the Prayer of Zuhr al-Akhir after the last Sunnah of the Friday prayer?