Is determining the time for prayers when uttering intention (niyyah) essential while praying with jamaah (in congregation) or singly?

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Is determining the time for prayers when uttering intention (niyyah) essential while praying with jamaah (in congregation) or singly?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

For nafilah (supererogatory) prayers, there is no need to determine the time when uttering intention. It is enough to say, "I intend to pray for the sake of Allah" with tongue or by heart.

In fard prayers, it is essential to determine the time when uttering intention. It should be like this: "I intend to pray the fard of today's zuhr (noon) prayer"...

Determining the time while uttering intention is also essential in Friday, Eid, Janazah (funeral) and Witr prayers.

As for Qada (missed) prayers, the prayer which is to be performed must be uttered. If it is not known, the following intention can be made, "I intend to perform the last missed (Qada) of zuhr (noon) or asr (afternoon) prayer..."

The person who follows the imam must say the following phrase "I'm following the Imam who is ready to pray".

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