Blood transfusion, graft and organ transplantation

Details of the Question
Can a muslim woman(wife) risk her own life to safe her own husband from any health problem or any social problem? For instance, if a husband is in critical condition and is needing some blood donation and his wife blood group is the matching one, can she donate her blood for her husband evenafter the doctors tell her that it'll be dangerous for her own life and health?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Blood transfusion, tissue and organ transplantation have been among medical treatments in our age. In that case, when there are no other remedies in order to save somebody’s life or a vital organ, treatment through blood transfusion, tissue and organ transplantation can be permitted on condition that some conditions are fulfilled.

Accordingly, If the following conditions are fulfilled, performing organ or tissue transplantation is permissible:

1. For organ or tissue transplantation from a living person to a living person:

* There must not be a physical or a spiritual oppression,

* It must not be a threat for the health of the donor,

* Besides that, for organs or tissues that can not renew themselves;

* There must be no other ways to save the life or a vital organ of the patient,

* The doctors must be of the opinion that the illness can be cured by that way,

* The donor must be sane and he must consent to his organ’s  being removed,

* The organ or tissue to be removed must not be a vital organ or tissue.

2. For organ or tissue transplantation from a dead person to a living person:

* There must be no other solutions to save the life or a vital organ of the patient,

* The doctors must be of the opinion that the illness can be cured by that way,

* The person whose organ or tissue will be removed must be dead during the transplantation process.

* The person whose organ or tissue will be removed must give permission before dying or his relatives must consent to it on condition that he did not have any declaration against donation of his organs when he was alive.

Moreover, taking a benefit or a fee in return for an organ or a tissue that will be removed is not permissible in both cases.  

Questions on Islam

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