Is the biggest fitnah the woman or The Antichrist (Dajjal)?

The Details of the Question

- I have read a hadith stating that the biggest fitnah for a man is a woman but there is another hadith stating that the biggest fitnah for a believer is the Antichrist (Dajjal). Do these two hadiths not contradict each other?
- There is a hadith stating that the most beloved deed in the sight of Allah is a deed that is done regularly though it is a little but another hadith states that the most beloved deed in the sight of Allah is the prayer performed on time. (Sahih Bukhari 527) Do these hadiths not contradict each other?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

There is no contradiction between sound hadiths. They have explanations in hadith methodology.

1. Eloquence is conformity with the necessities of the current state. In other words, every station has a word and every assembly has an essence. Being sad at a wedding or rejoicing at a funeral is not a form of eloquence.

Similarly, in verses and hadiths, different values can be considered as “added value” in accordance with the conformity of the topic, the consideration of guidance, and the requirement of the authority. For example:

“After me, I did not leave any cause of mischief (fitnah) to men more harmful than women.” (1)

It is wrong to understand from the expression of the hadith that all women are bad people who cause mischief and turmoil.

In this hadith, some problematic women are pointed out, and it is stated that they will put men in a difficult situation because of their moodiness.

The following verse supporting this hadith sheds light on the issue:

“O ye who believe! Truly, among your wives and your children are (some that are) enemies to yourselves: so beware of them! But if ye forgive and overlook, and cover up (their faults), verily Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (at-Taghabun, 64/14)

The spouses and children of some believers who dedicate their wealth and lives to the path of Allah may dissuade them from this behavior by appealing to their feelings. They may say, “What will we do if you die; do not go to war.” “Do not waste your money; think about your children.” By saying so, they can prevent the man from doing good deeds. By wanting more than they have, they can lead their husbands to illegitimate gains and sins.

2. The Prophet states the following in a hadith:

“The (worldly) happiness of man depends on three things: A good woman, a suitable/wide house, and a suitable mount.”

This hadith is accepted as sound by both Hakim and Dhahabi. (2)

So, these two evaluations were made according to these two authorities.

3. There is another important aspect of the issue: As it is stated in the Quran (3), human beings were created to be fond of some worldly pleasures and blessings. One of them, perhaps the first, is the inclination of the two sexes to each other. Failure to use this inclination in moderation poses a danger to both parties.

The attention of men is drawn to this danger in the hadith and they are asked to be careful and vigilant about women.

The following hadith clearly states this issue:

“The world is sweet, dazzling and charming. Allah will give it to you to use and will see how you behave. Beware of being deceived by the world. Avoid getting caught by women because the first fitnah among Sons of Israel was caused by women.” (4)

4. The answer to the main question may be as follows:

One of the elements that disturb the peace of the family may be the woman. The moodiness of women, whose role is more than men, with different authority, influence and attractive mission, is also a bigger element of fitnah. Therefore, when it comes to family - as expressed in the hadiths above - the peace and restlessness of the home depend on the woman more than the man.

5. When a worldwide fitnah is mentioned, the most mischievous element is definitely the Antichrist. It is indicated in different hadiths.

So, the mischief of the woman in terms of family the mischief of the Antichrist in terms of the world/country is the biggest.

References:

1) Bukhari Nikah 17; Muslim Dhikr 97 98. See also Tirmidhi Adab 31; Ibn Majah Fitan 31.
2) See al-Mustadrak, ibid Takhlis, 2640.
3) Aal-i Imran, 3/14.
4) Muslim, Dhikr 99; Tirmidhi, Fitan 26; Ibn Majah, Fitan 19.

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