What kind of actions will Dajjal (Anti-Christ) carry out? Who will be his greatest supporter(s)?
Dajjal is a different person, he has attention grabbing actions. It is necessary to know his actions in order to know him. Lets have a look at his most important actions.
a. To claim godhead
As it is known in the history there were some people like Namrud and Pharaoh who claimed godhead depending on their power and strength. Dajjal is of the same group. He is one of those that are stated in Chapter al-Fatiha, one of those who go astray.
It is stated in the hadiths that Dajjal will claim godhead by attracting peoples attention to this trait of his. (1)
This fact is stated as follows in another hadith:
"When Dajjal emerges, he will definitely claim godhead. Whoever believes in him, approves him and joins him, will lose all of his good deeds he performed in the past. Whoever denies Dajjal and accepts that he is a liar, will not be punished because of his bad deeds in the past." (2)
The fact that Dajjal is an absolute unbeliever leads him this way. He does not hesitate to claim godhead depending on his sultanate and power that he achieved through seizure and cheating.
When Badiuzzaman explains the narration: At the end of time, certain persons such as the Antichrist (Dajjal) will claim godhead and force others to prostrate before them. (3), he says the following:
Just as a nomad chieftain who denies the king imagines in himself and in other chieftains a small rulership proportionate to their power; so those who come to lead the school of Naturalists and Materialists, imagine in themselves a sort of lordship proportionate to their power, and to demonstrate their power, make their subjects bow down worshipfully before themselves and their statues, and incline their heads. (4)
We may understand how some weak creatures that are born and grow up, eat, drink and have children, become ill and eventually die dare to claim godhead. How can other people accept them as gods? How can human beings be so disgraced?
We can find the answer to this question in the Quran. The Quran gives us the stereotype of the people who claim godhead and indicates that there may be some people who claim godhead in each age as Pharaoh and Namrud did in the past. The 65th verse of Chapter al-Baqara is as follows:
"Yet there are men who take (for worship) others besides Allah, as equal (with Allah); they love them as they should love Allah.
Elmalılı interprets this verse as follows:
"...They love them as they should love Allah. They obey their orders, prohibitions and desires but disobey Allah. To act like that is, no doubt, to become polytheists whether by disobeying Allah or accepting them as gods."
Elmalılı says some of them perform polytheism openly as it was performed to Namruds and Pharaohs and some perform it without making it openly and explain the second type as follows:
"They love them as they should love Allah; they accept them as the benefactors. They regard their love as the beginning of their actions. They act towards them as they should act towards Allah. They try to reach their consent without thinking of Allahs consent. They obey them even in some issues that they know it will be disobedience to Allah.
This verse shows us that an ultimate love is necessary in the claim to be a god. The deity is the mostly loved being. Things to be loved ultimately are regarded to be accepted as a deity. The indication of love is obedience. Therefore ultimate obedience to the deity is necessary. The beginning point of a man in the way he starts is his deity. Human beings love and accept so different things as deity, equal to Allah, that they may vary from a stone, a piece of metal, a plant and a tree to heavenly bodies, spirits and angels.
... Estimable interpreters explained the word andad which means similar as the leaders, chiefs, elders that they obeyed by disobeying Allah. Even when this word is used to include the other idols or gods, this meaning is clear.
There are so many people that love human beings like beautiful women, heroes and kings because of some properties like wealth, greatness, strength, position, prestige and beauty as they should love Allah and ventures everything for the sake of them that it forms the paganism element of the polytheism, the greatest wound of the human beings."(5)
b. To claim that he is a prophet
Dajjal denies Allah and puts himself instead of Him. He denies the Prophet and puts himself instead of him. There is nothing holier than himself in his world. By saying "I will tell you one of his characteristics that no other prophet before me told people ", the Mesenger of Allah attracted our attention to this characteristic of Dajjal: "Firstly he says, I am a prophet However, no prophets will come after me. Secondly he says, I am your Lord. As a matter of fact you will not see your Lord until you die."(6)
c. That he will act by cheating and deceiving
In his Mathnawi, Mawlana talks about a faithless vizier of a Jewish king who kills Christians. One day the vizier tells the king to cut his ear and nose and dismiss him so that he will cause sedition among Christians. The vizier says he will tell them: I was a secret believer. The king found out about it and tortured me."
The king does whatever the hypocritical vizier wants. The Christians who see him like this gather around him. In fact the man is a preacher in appearance but a trap in reality. Peoples hearts tend towards him; they embrace him and think that he is the deputy of Hazrat Eesa (Jesus). Mawlana says as a matter of fact he is the blind and damned Dajjal.(7)
This story represents the hypocritical actions of Dajjal very well. In a hadith it is stated that Dajjal is an unknown (ghaib) evil, which shows that the Islamic Dajjal will not act so clearly as everyone to recognize him but will act hypocritically.
One night the Messenger of Allah saw Dajjal circumambulating the Kaaba in his dream. It shows that Dajjal will have a religious appearance at first. (9)
Ibn Hajar says Dajjal first preaches belief and goodness, then he claims prophethood and deity while mentioning his deceitfulness. (10)
Sufyan utters words that praise Islam and our Prophet first. The person he likes and appreciates most, he praises a lot is Hazrat Umar. (11)
Since Dajjal depends on faithlessness and faithlessness is the source of every evil, it will be a dream to expect good things from him. However, since Sufyan works hypocritically, not everybody knows his real intentions; he manages to hide his real intentions by arrogating to himself some good thinks by deceiving, and many people think he is a hero.
d. His destruction
One of the characteristics of Dajjal is his destruction. He not only destructs beliefs but also places of worship. There is a narration relating to this issue:
"'Sufyan, who is the son of those who eat their livers and lungs, emerges from a dry valley. He organizes an army from the tribe of Kalb with frowning faced and hard hearted men and they oppress people everywhere. He pulls down the schools and mosques, punishes everybody who performs prayers. He causes oppression, sedition and wickedness. He kills scholars and devotees, and invades many cities. He accepts blood shedding as halal (permissible) and becomes an enemy of the descendants of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH). He causes the death of people who oppose his cruelty and pleasures."(12)
Muhyiddin Arabi, who is a great spiritual pole, (death 1240) includes the violation of the principles which the kalam scholars regard as unchangeable and are put forward for the recognition of prophethood among the destructions of Dajjal. (13)
In the narrations it is stated that Dajjal will enter the houses and take children as prisoners. It is stated that a voice saying Dajjal entered your houses and took your children as prisoners will be heard. (14) In the past it was difficult to understand this hadith. However, we can understand it easily today when technologic advancements increased. Isnt it a reality that the children who watch the programs that attack the religion, ethics, cultural values on television and who are not given necessary religious feelings and spiritual education are taken prisoners by television? That is, Dajjal will emerge at a time when technologic devices like television are developed and make use of them to take young generations as prisoners spiritually.
e. His causing sedition and disorder
Both Dajjals distort the legitimate order and cause sedition and disorder. As it is stated in the Rays (Şualar), the great Dajjal, who obeys the Devil, abolishes the laws of Christianity, distorts the connections that form the social order and paves the way for anarchy, to Yajuj (Gog) and Majuj (Magog).
" Similarly, Sufyan, the Islamic Dajjal, due to the devices of Satan and the evil-commanding soul, will try to abrogate some of the eternal injunctions of the Sharia of Muhammad (PBUH), and destroying the material and spiritual bonds of human life, and leaving headstrong, drunken, giddy souls without restriction, he will unfasten the luminous chains of respect and compassion. By giving people a freedom which is pure despotism so they fall on one another in a swamp of putrid lust, he will open up the way to a terrible anarchy. There will then be no way those people can be kept under control other than by the most repressive despotism."(15)
For " if respect and compassion quit the human heart, those with such hearts become exceedingly cruel beasts and can no longer be governed through politics. Just the place for the idea of anarchy will be those oppressed, numerous raiding tribes, which are backward in respect of both civilization and government."(16)
The reason why both Dajjals are called Masih (Messiah) is that, as it is seen above, one of them abolishes and changes the laws of Christianity and the other of Islam. In a hadith, the following is stated by attracting attention to this characteristic of them: "They bring you some customs that are not present with you. They change your religion and customs with those foreign customs. When you see them, beware of them and become enemies of them." (17)
f. That he will take advantage of disagreements
We learn that Dajjal, who carries out his actions by sedition and fit and who practices all kinds of deceits to this end, will take advantage of disagreements. The disagreement between the people of belief is a great opportunity for Dajjal. Yes, the struggle and division between the people of faith cause them to beaten by a small force.
As the hadith informs us the believers who disagree with each other (18) cannot escape from being a target of Dajjal.
The first share of this disagreement will belong to the ulama (scholars), of course. This sad situation is described as follows in a hadith: "There will be such a time when ulama are killed like the dogs are killed. I wish ulama were in agreement then. "(19)
This shows that Dajjal takes advantage of ulamas (who are in a position to lead people) not performing their tasks properly and their disagreement and struggle between themselves. What was necessary for Ulama, who were supposed to inform people about the orders of the religion, was to have been in agreement with each other.
As a matter of fact disagreements caused great troubles in every age to the people of belief. Badiuzzaman explains in one of his works what these disagreements cost the people of belief depending on his observations:
"I myself have frequently observed that mischief-makers, who form ten per cent, defeat the righteous, who form ninety per cent. I used to be astonished and curious. Investigating, I understood certainly that their victory results not from power, but from corruption, baseness, destruction, taking advantage of differences among the people of truth, sowing conflict among them, from playing on their weak traits of character and grafting them with such traits, and exciting the emotions of the soul and personal hatred, and through working the evil capacities in human nature which are like mines of corruption, and through hypocritically flattering the souls tyranny in the name of fame and glory, and through everyone fearing their unfeeling destruction. Through diabolical machinations like these, they temporarily triumph over the people of truth."(20)
As a matter of fact, the following verse warns people of belief in a nice way not to undergo such sad experiences:
"The Unbelievers are protectors, one of another: unless ye do this (protect each other) there would be tumult and oppression on earth, and great mischief."(21)
Although the necessity of friendship is union, thats what will happen if they disagree with each other.
Dajjal will take advantage of even the smallest opportunity. As it is explained in Mektubat (The Letters), " According to a noble Hadith of the Prophet (PBUH}, noxious and awesome persons like Sufyan and Dajjal will come to rule over the godless at the end of time, and exploiting the greed, discord and hatred amongst the Muslims and mankind, they will need only a small force to reduce humanity to anarchy and the vast world of Islam to slavery."(22)
Badiuzzaman who utters this truth, also warns people of faith as follows:
"O people of faith! If you do not wish to enter a humiliating condition of slavery, come to your senses and enter and take refuge in the citadel of: 'Indeed the believers are brothers'(23) to defend yourselves against those oppressors who would exploit your differences! Otherwise you will be able neither to protect your lives nor to defend your rights. It is evident that if two champions are wrestling with each other, even a child can beat them. If two mountains are balanced in the scales, even a small stone can disturb their equilibrium and cause one to rise and the other to fall. So O people of belief! Your strength is reduced to nothing as a result of your passions and biased partisanships, and you can be defeated by the slightest forces. If you have any interest in your social solidarity, then make of the exalted principle of " The believers are together like a well-founded building, one part of which supports the other"(24) your guiding principle in life! Then you will be delivered from humiliation in this world and wretchedness in the Hereafter."(25)
g. That he will cause trouble
The end of time is a time when everything will be upside down. It is quite natural that the believer who should be on top will suffer troubles.
According to what we learn from narrations during that time the believer who tries to exercise his religion has difficulties like holding burning brand in his hand. (26) He suffers from troubles inflicted upon him by the administrators. (27) Sometimes he goes to prison.
Death, hunger, sedition and innovations in religion prevail. (28)
Yes, during Dajjals time hunger prevails. People suffer from hunger and thirst. He keeps food and drink only for himself. He makes people eat and drink his food and drink. Those who eat and drink his food and drink will never reach salvation. (29)
To be a follower of Dajjal and to support him
There are a lot of followers of Dajjal. A lot of people join him.(30) Most of these followers are hypocritical people, Jewish people and some women. So many hypocritical people and women follow him. It is narrated that some people tie their daughters, sisters, women relatives at home lest they should be followers of Dajjal. (31)
The support of the Jewish people
Dajjal gets the greatest support from the Jewish people. Most of the people who follow him are the Jewish people.(32)
Didnt the ancestors of these Jewish people come to the Messenger of Allah during the Age of Bliss and boast Dajjal will emerge from among us?(33) It is certain that they will recognize him as soon as he emerges and support him.
It is stated in a hadith that seventy thousand Jews wearing green shawls (worn by notables) from the Jews of Isfahan will follow Dajjal. (34)
We should understand that words like seven and seventy are used to express plentitude in Arabic and that many Jews will support him.
Marx, the originator of the system of the great Dajjal, Lenin, who lead communism to certain destinations, Trotsky, who inflicted the deathblow, and Stalin, who exercised it were all of Jewish origin.
Muhammad Gazzali says the Jewish will gather around Dajjal, who goes astray and represents the consciousness of the Jewish, and will struggle to gain sovereignty.
The Egyptian writer Said Ayyub, who regards some famous Jews, living in the past and now, as the assistants of Dajjal evaluates Zionism as a chain of Dajjal. According to him, the Jews that started the three types of struggle like bread, lust and fear in the society are representatives of Dajjal.(35)
Badiuzzaman says one interpretation of the narration: The Dajjal will draw his main strength from the Jews. The Jews will follow him willingly.(36) was fulfilled as follows:
God knows best, we can say that in part this narrations meaning was fulfilled in Russia, for the Jews, who have been persecuted by every state, gathered in large numbers in Germany in order to take their revenge. Then, due to the important role he played in the founding of the revolutionary communist party, the terrible Trotsky, who was a Jew, took over the leadership of the Russian Army, then the government after the famous Lenin, who had trained him, and they set fire to Russia and laid waste whatever it had achieved over a thousand years. They showed that they were the secret revolutionary committee of the Dajjal and they carried out some of his works. They caused serious upheavals in other countries as well, and fomented much trouble.
In addition, both Dajjals will win the assistance of a secret Jewish society which nurtures a terrible desire for revenge on Islam and Christianity, and the Islamic Dajjal will deceive even the Masonic lodges and win their support.(38)
Dajjal has also has a connection with the sedition group Yajuj and Majuj mentioned in the Quran.(39) One of the greatest assistants of Dajjal is, no doubt, this anarchist group.
We should state here that unconscious people of faith will exaggerate some of Dajjals good deeds and overlook his evil deeds as big as mountains and become his supporters. As it is stated in Kastamonu Addendum, these kinds of people of faith can forgive bigheartedly terrible murderers because of their extraordinary gullibility. They kind of support this man if they see only one good deed of him despite his thousands of evil deeds that destruct material and spiritual rights. Therefore people of heresy, who are actually very few, will form the majority because of the gullible supporters will cause the divine fate to let the continuation or even exacerbation of the general disaster; they will say we deserve it. A person can only forgive a crime committed against himself bigheartedly. He can renounce his rights. However, he has no right to forgive murderers who violate other peoples rights; by doing so he aids and abets those murderers. (40)
The group that Dajjal will not be able to cope with
In a hadith in Muslim, a group which Dajjal bewares of is mentioned. It is stated that Hazrat Eesa (Jesus) will bless and entertain them. According to what Allah reveals to Hazrat Eesa (Jesus) nobody will be able to fight them.(41)
This hadith is in accordance with the narrations that state the last group that will fight Messiah Dajjal,(42), that will fight for Allah until the Day of Judgment and those who oppose or become enemies of them will not harm them.(43)
1. Sharani, Muhtasaru Tazkireti'l-Kurtubi Tercümesi, p. 485.
3. Musnad, 3:211; Kanzul-Ummal, 14:310; 14:312.
4 Nursi, Şuâlar (The Rays), p. 503.
5. Elmalılı Muhammed Hamdi Yazır, Hak Dini Kurân Dili (İstanbul: Feza Yayıncılık A.Ş.), 1:472.
6. Ibn Majah, Kitabul-fitan: 36; Abu Dawud, Kitabul-Malahim (4:117).
7. Mawlana, Jalâladdin Rumi, Mathnawi (Beirut: 1386/1966), I:104.
8. Bekir Sadak, Tac Tercümesi, (İstanbul: Eser Yayınları, 1968), 5:631.
9. Said Ayyub, al-Masih ud-Dajjal (Cairo: 1410/1985), p. 124.
10. al-Askalani, Fathul-Bari, 13:79.
11. Nursi, Şuâlar (The Rays), p. 514.
12. al-Burhan, p. 37.
13. Muhyiddin Arabi. al-Futuhatul-Makkiyya, I-XII (Cairo: 1392/1972), 2:168.
14. al-Burhan, p. 73.
15. Nursi, ibid, p. 512.
16. ibid, p. 508.
17. Ramuzul-Ahadis, 1:121.
18. Hakim, Mustadrak: 4:529-530.
19. Ramuzul-Ahadis, H. 503.
20. Nursî, Lem'alar (The Flashes Collection), p. 78.
21. Chapter al-Anfal, 73.
22. Mektûbât (The Letters), p. 260.
23. Chapter al-Hujurat: 10.
24. Bukhari, Salat: 88; Muslim, Birr: 65; Tirmizi, Birr: 18; Nasai, Zakat:67.
25. Nursi, Mektûbât (The Letters), p. 261.
26. Tirmizi, Fiten: 73.
27. al-Burhan, p. 12.
28. al-Burhan, p. 66.
29. Abdulkarim al-Jili, al-Insanul-Kamil, I-II (Cairo: 1402/1981), 2:81, 82.
30. at-Tabrizi, Waliyyuddin Muhammad bin Abdillah al-Hatibil-Umari, Mishkatul-Masabih, (Damascus: 1382/1962), 3: 38.2
31. Musnad, 2:67.
32. Muslim, 11:362.
33. Elmalılı, ibid, VI:4172-4173.
34. Muslim, Kitabul-Fitan: 124.
35. Sarıtoprak, ibid, p. 121.
36. Muslim, Fitan: 124; Musned, 3:224, 292, 4:216-217; Kanzul-Ummal, 14:582, 618.
37. Nursi, Şuâlar (The Rays), p. 507.
38. Nursi, ibid, p. 513.
39. Abu Dawud, Malahim: 14; Tirmizi, Fitan: 57-59.
40. Nursi, Kastamonu Lâhikası (Kastamonu Addendum), p. 25.
41. Muslim, p. 110.
42. Abu Dawud, Jihad: 4.
43. Bukhari, I'tisam: 10; Ibn Majah, Mukaddima: 1.
- Can you give information about Dajjal? What are the characteristics of Dajjal?
- Can you give some information about"Dajjal (Anti-Christ)" and "Sufyan"?
- Is there a belief of Dajjal (the false messiah) in other religions?
- How can we contend with Dajjal? What can we do to avoid the mischief of Dajjal?
- What Will Mahdi Do?
- Fourth Question: It is said that Hz. Isa (Jesus) will descend to the earth at the end of time, kill the Antichrist (Dajjal) and that most people will enter the true religion.
- The Fact that Hadiths Concerning the End of Time Do not Express a Certainty Prompted People to Seek For a Mahdi and Dajjal in Each Century. What is its Wisdom (Reason)?
- How would you answer the claim that the belief of Mahdi and Dajjal came to Islam from other religions?
- Are Jews cursed?
- Prophet Isa [Jesus] (Peace be upon him)