“If He (God) so will, He can remove you and put (in your place) a new Creation.” How can we answer those who consider those verses as a proof for the creation of another kind of species and evolution?

The Details of the Question
“If He (God) so will, He can remove you and put (in your place) a new Creation.” How can we answer those who consider those verses as a proof for the creation of another kind of species and evolution?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

When we look at the interpretation of the related verses, it is understood that these verses have no relation whatsoever with the issues that are asked in the question.

 “Seest thou not that Allah created the heavens and the earth in Truth? If He so will, He can remove you and put (in your place) a new Creation? Nor is that for Allah any great matter.” (Surah Ibrahim, 14/19-20)

 “Allah has promised, to those among you who believe and work righteous deeds, that He will of a surety, grant them in the land, inheritance (of power), as He granted it to those before them; that He will establish in authority their religion― the one which He has chosen for them; and that He will change (their state), after the fear in which they (lived), to one of security and peace: `They will worship Me (alone) and not associate aught with Me.' If any do reject faith after this, they are rebellious and wicked.” (Surah An-Noor, 24/55)

 “Unless ye go forth, He will punish you with a grievous penalty, and put others in your place; but Him ye would not harm in the least. For Allah hath power over all things.” (Surah At-Taubah, 9/39)

"If ye turn away― I (at least) have conveyed the Message with which I was sent to you. My Lord will make another People to succeed you, and you will not harm Him in the least. For my Lord hath care and watch over all things." (Surah Hud, 11/57)

 “How many were the populations we utterly destroyed because of their iniquities, setting up in their places other peoples!” (Surah Al-Anbiya, 21/11)

 “Then We raised after them other generations.” (Surah Al-Mumenoon, 23/42)

 “If He so pleased, He could blot you out and bring in a New Creation. Nor is that (at all) difficult for Allah.” (Surah Fatir, 35/16-17)

 “We have decreed Death to be your common lot, and We are not to be frustrated. From changing your Forms and creating you (again) in (Forms) that ye know not.” (Surah Al-Waqia, 56/60-61)

Now I do call to witness the Lord of all points in the East and the West that We can certainly― Substitute for them better (men) than they; and We are not to be defeated (in Our Plan). (Surah Al-Maarij, 70/40-41)

 “It is We Who created them, and We have made their joints strong; but, when We will, We can substitute the like of them by a complete change.” (Surah Al-Insan, 76/28)

As it is understood from the interpretations of these verses, in any of the related verses, there is neither an expression that indicates a creation of another type other than man nor the existence of evolution.

In these verses, certain tribes are generally mentioned. As for tribe, it means both a nation and a community. The expressions mentioned as “If He (God) so will, He can remove you and put (in your place) a new Creation” in summary are about the tribes/communities that revolt against prophets throughout the history of man.

Accordingly, the common ground expressed by these verses as “abolishing-changing-putting the new ones” is based on the reality of abolishing/destroying/killing and wiping off the related tribes from this world and letting other generations/communities/tribes replace them.

For example, the tribe of Hz. Noah was destroyed and Hz. Noah and those who believed in him from the same community, not newly created different human beings or species, replaced them and became the vicegerents of the earth.

Likewise, the tribe of Ad was destroyed and they were replaced by the tribe of Thamud. If we give an example from the history of Islam, the Umayyads were destroyed and Abbasids were put into power; Abbasids were destroyed and the Ottomans were put into power, Ottomans were destroyed, and Turkish Republic and many other states were put into power .

As it is seen, these historical facts show that abolishing mankind and replacing them with other species of the human generation is out of question. What is mentioned here is the destruction of some communities at that time and instead giving an opportunity to other communities again from the same world to live.

 “Those were some of the prophets on whom Allah did bestow His Grace― of the posterity of Adam, and of those whom We carried (in the Ark) with Noah, and of the posterity of Abraham and Israel― of those whom We guided and chose; whenever the Signs of (Allah) Most Gracious were rehearsed to them, they would fall down in prostrate adoration and in tears.” (Surah Maryam, 19/58) In this verse of the Qur’an, it is seen that all of the prophets come from the generation of Hz. Adam and Hz. Noah. It is stated in the Bible and history books that Noah, who is regarded as the second forefather of the humankind, is one of the grandsons of Adam. That is, the present humankind dates back to Adam. The humankinds was never destroyed as a whole; and no other people from another ancestor except Adam was sent replacing them.

It is stated in the hadiths, “All of you are the children of Adam; and Adam was created out of soil.” (Musnad, 2/524; Abu Dawud, Adab, 120, 5116)  and Allah chose Adam and his sons among the beings; He chose Arabs among the sons of Adam; He chose the tribe of Mudar among Arabs; He chose the tribe of Quraysh among Mudar; He chose the Sons of Hashim among Quraysh; and He chose me among the sons of Hashim; thus, I became the “most distingusihed one among the distinguished ones”  (Majmau’z-zawaid, 8/215) that the existent humankind dates back to Hazrat Adam.

It means there is no evolution or diferent species of man. However, the words of people like Ibn Arabi who point out that there were different Adams are related to the beings that appear only in the realm of similitude.

O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise each other). Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things). (Surah Al-Hujurat, 49/13)

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