THE MOST FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT JINN

(1)  Could you give some information about nightmares? Is there anything called a nightmare? How can we be protected from it?

It is called a nightmare or a hairy creature. It exists. However, there is nothing dangerous about it. It is just the appearance of some jinn in different ways to some people whose magnetic aspect is predominant. Jinn can contact those whose bodies are sensitive and have magnetic characteristics. Only one person might notice it in the same place and others might not. It means you have a magnetic aspect. There is nothing dangerous.

Here are our recommendations for similar situations:

1. Making wudu, praying two rak'ahs and going to bed with wudu

2. Sleeping by saying Subhanallah 33 times, Alhamdulillah 33 times and Allahu Akbar 34 times.

3. Reading Ayatul-Kursiyy seven times, blowing to the right, left, back, front, bottom and top and sleeping without blowing after the seventh reading.

4. Reading the chapters of al-Fatiha, an-Nas, al-Falaq and al-Ikhlas.

5. Reading the Jawshan supplication and having it on you.

It is religiously permissible to pray to be protected from things like fear and to write and carry things like verses and hadiths on us. Abdullah bin Umar narrated the following from the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh):

"If one of you is afraid while sleeping, he should say this dua (prayer): 'I take refuge in the perfect words of Allah from His wrath and punishment, and from the evil of His servants, and from the delusions of devils and their coming near me.' Then, nothing will harm him/her.”

Abdullah bin Amr taught this supplication to his children who came to the age of discernment (the age at which a child is able to care for himself), wrote them for his children who did not reach the age of discernment and hung them around their necks. (Tirmidhi, Daawat, 94)

However, it is absolutely haram to do it as a job by exploiting it, to work with gullible women by spending time with them.

It is written in our hadith books that our Prophet (pbuh) blew to his right, left, front, back, His hands, and to anyone who was sick when he recited surahs or verses such as Ayatul-Kursiyy, al-Falaq, an-Nas and al-Fatiha. The reason for this is that people should take such measures to protect themselves from spiritual and harmful things just as they take material measures to protect themselves from diseases. Almighty Allah, who created us, showed us one of the ways of protection through our Prophet (pbuh).

We present one of the hadiths explaining this issue with its explanation:

Aisha (radiyallahu anha) narrates:

"When the Prophet (pbuh) went to sleep, he would read al-muawwidhatayn (chapters of al-Falaq, and an-Nas) and al-Ikhlas, blow on his palms and then wipe his hands on his face and body. He would repeat it three times. When he was ill, he would order me to do it." [Bukhari, Fadailul-Quran 14, Tibb 39, Da'awat 12; Muslim, Salam 50, (2192); Muwatta, Ayn 15, (2942); Tirmidhi, Da'awat 21, (3399); Abu Dawud, Tibb 19, (3902)]

EXPLANATION:

1. It is also reported in reliable narrations that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) recited the Quran for healing during his illness. In fact, it is stated in the verses that the Qur'an is a material and spiritual healing for believers:

"We send down the Quran as a healing and mercy for the believers, but it only increases the wrongdoers in loss." (Surah al-Isra, 17/82). 

"O men, there has come to you an advice from your Lord, and a cure for the ailments of your hearts, and guidance and mercy for the believers.” (Surah Yunus, 10/57)

2. In order to give information about the nature of the "breathing(blowing)" of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) on his own body, Ibn Hajar records different versions of the narration. Accordingly, he first cupped his hands, then blew on his palms, and then read; he and blew on his palms while reading. Ibn Hajar states that this blowing can be without or with little saliva. The suras of al-Falaq, an-Nas and al-Ikhlas were recited with this purpose.

Wiping (rubbing) was done with the thought of blessing. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) would rub his hands first on his head and face, and then on his whole body as far as his hands could reach. Aisha (ra) says:

"When the Messenger of Allah fell ill with the disease that caused his death, I read and blew on him. Then I wiped body with his hands because his hands were far superior to mine in terms of blessing."

In another narration, Aisha (ra) states that while she was wiping and praying for His healing, the Messenger of Allah came around and said: " No more, (healing), I ask Allah for Rafiq al-A'la."

3. Some narrations explain that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) applied the treatment on his family members by reading ayats (verses) from the Quran and blowing. The Companions and Tabiun (the generation of Muslims who followed the Companions of the Prophet Muhammad) also applied the same treatment method. Scholars agreed unanimously on its permissibility.

4. Nawawi, who described breathing as "light blowing without saliva", states that it is mustahab in ruqyah and that scholars agreed on its permissibility. Aisha (ra) was asked about the blowing that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) applied in ruqyah, and she gave the following answer: "His blowing was like that of a person eating raisins; there was absolutely no saliva.'' It is stated that the moisture that will unintentionally come out with the blowing is not considered as saliva.

As can be understood from the statements above, it is permissible to wear ruqyahs. However, it would be better for a person who knows dua to read it. There is no technique for dua; anyone can read it. It is sunnah to blow on our right and left sides while reading the Ayatul-Kursiyy. However, there is no particular order of it.

References:

1. Prof. Dr. İbrahim Canan, Kütüb-i Sitte Muhtasarı, VII / 50, 51, Akçağ Basım Yayın, Ankara, 1988;
2. Halil Günenç, Günümüz meselelerine Fetvalar, II / 258, Yasin Yayınevi.

(2)  What is a pari (fairy)? Can you give information about the qualities of jinn?

Pari is a Persian wordIt means a pleasant creature whose body is very subtle and invisible, a graceful creature who is fond of human beings, a creature who is a believer and a Muslim. It also metaphorically means a beautiful person. (Ottoman-Turkish Dictionary)

According to Islam, jinn are beings with intelligence, understanding, will and consciousness. For this reason, they are obliged to believe in Allah, to obey His orders and worship. It is stated in the Quran in Surah al-Jinn and other verses.

Jinn were in touch with both our Prophet and Hz. Musa (Moses) and other prophets and listened to their messages; some of them believed and some of them denied.

The following is stated in a hadith narrated by Muslim: "Every man has a companion from angels and jinn.” (1) In a hadith narrated from Jabir ibn Abdullah, our Prophet (pbuh) said:

“Do not visit the women whose husbands are absent; for, indeed Satan flows through one of you as the blood flows.”

Thereupon, the Companions asked: “And you?” He said:

“Me too but Allah helped me against Satan and he surrendered (or became a Muslim).” (2)

The phrase “became a Muslim” given in parentheses in the hadith is another meaning that is preferred. However, hadith scholars state that it is not in question for Satan to become a Muslim and that it is more appropriate to use it in the sense of “he surrendered”. (3) The view that what is meant in the hadith is an unbelieving jinni will settle the issue. As a matter of fact, unbelieving jinn are called devils.

Marriage, Reproduction and Lifespan of Jinn

Jinn are beings that have gender, marry like humans, reproduce like humans, are born, grow, and die. However, their lifespan is much longer than that of humans. In this regard, it is said that jinn can live up to 1000 to 1500 years. This is because djinn live in a different dimension of time. The flow of time is also different there. Accordingly, it is clear that the news allegedly received through jinn is not information from Ghayb (unknown), but information based on age and experience.

Their status in terms of belief and unbelief

There are believers, hypocrites and unbelievers among jinn. Those who are unbelievers are called Satan. Jinn are also tested in this world, and they will go to heaven or hell after being questioned in the hereafter. Like men, those who believe, do righteous deeds and do good deeds will go to heaven; those who deny and disbelieve and die without belief and repentance will also go to Hell and be punished. As a matter of fact, the following is stated in the Quran:

“And surely, We have prepared (created) Hell for many of the jinn and the mankind. They have hearts with which they do not understand. They have eyes with which they do not see. They have ears with which they do not hear. They are like animals. Even more misguided. Those, they are the heedless ones.” (Surah al-A'raf, 7/179)

Denying the existence of jinn

Since the existence of jinn is stated in the Quran and Sunnah, denying their existence is considered unbelief.

Many things that could not be detected in the past are now scientifically proved. The fact that people cannot see them does not prove they do not exist because people cannot see many other things along with jinn. Man's ability to see, hear, and understand is limited. Considering that we can only see five of the beings in a million and we believe in many of the things we do not see like pain, love, hate, fear, intelligence, electricity, wind, etc., the invisibility of jinn does not mean that they do not exist.

The places where jinn live

It is known that the places where jinn live are generally dirty places such as garbage dumps. Indeed, Our Prophet (pbuh) stated that the garbage left in the houses would be the meeting places of jinn. (4) Some scholars expressed their opinions that our Prophet (pbuh) drew attention to cleanliness in Islam and that, like invisible jinn, invisible microbes can reproduce quickly and cause various diseases because they also said that microbes were meant by the concept of jinn in some hadiths. It is also seen that there was a belief that jinn lived in holes during the period of the Companions and Tabiun. A hadith about this is as follows:

Abdullah ibn Sarjis (r.a) narrates: “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) prohibited us from urinating in a hole.” When Qatada, a tafsir scholar, was asked about the reason for this, he replied: "It was stated that these holes were the habitations of jinn." (5)

Footnotes:

(1) Muslim, Munafiqin, 69.
(2) Tirmidhi, Rada, 17/1172; A. H. Musnad, III, 309; Darimi, Sunan, II, 320, Riqaq, 66.
(3) Tirmdhzi, Rada, 17/1172; I. Jawzi, Talbisu Iblis, p. 34.
(4) Abdurrazzaq, Musannaf, XI, 32.
(5) Abu Dawud, Taharah, 16, (29).

(3)  How should we take refuge in Allah from the evils of jinn and devils?

We are faced with a living species that we do not see and do not know. Therefore, the only thing to do is to seek refuge in Allah, who created them and us, and to seek protection from their evil. There is only one way to do this: Prayers and Invocations.

Since prayers and invocations, which should normally be a part of our lives, will also bring us closer to Allah, jinn and devils will not be able to come near us because they have groups, communities and organizations just like us. Since their good ones will undoubtedly benefit from our prayers, they will also be engaged in a struggle against those who want to disturb worshippers, and they will try to prevent the bad ones; they will even fight and punish them. For this reason, prayers and invocations have an important place in protection from jinn and devils.

If a person always has wudu in his daily life, he will be partially protected from them; and if he adds salah and other prayers (duas) to it, he will be a little more secure in terms of protection from evil ones.

In a hadith narrated from Harith Al-Ash'ari (r.a), the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

“…Allah commands you to remember Allah. An example of this is a man who is followed by the enemy who moves fast. This man comes to a stronghold and protects himself from the enemy. So is the servant. He can protect himself against Satan only by remembering Allah." [Tirmidhi, Amthal, 3, (2867)]

Now, we would like to present examples of the prayers recited by our Prophet (pbuh) and His companions.

Audhu… - Bismillah…

The following is stated in the Quran regarding this subject:

“And if there comes to you from Satan an evil suggestion, then seek refuge in Allah. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Knowing.” (Surah Fussilat, 41/36)

In other words, say, “Audhu billahi minash-shaytanir-rajim.” Moreover, it is appropriate to take refuge in Allah with the following verses in the surah of al-Muminun:

“Rabbi audhu bika min hamazatish-shayatini wa audhu bika rabbi an yahdurun.”

“My Lord! I seek refuge in You from the temptations of the devils. And I seek refuge in You, my Lord, lest they be present with me.” (Surah al-Mu’minun, 23/97-98)

When entering home

Another hadith related to the Bismillah, narrated from Jabir (ra), points to the importance of reciting Bismillah while getting into home and eating: “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

"If a person mentions the name of Allah upon entering his house and eating, Satan says (to his followers), 'You will find nowhere to spend the night here and no dinner.' However, if he enters home by mentioning the name of Allah but does not mention before eating dinner, Satan says (to his followers), 'You have found dinner but it is not possible for you to spend the night here.’ If he does not mention the name of Allah while entering home and eating, Satan says (to his followers), 'You have found (a place) to spend the night as well as food.’” [Muslim, Ashriba, 103, (2018); Abu Dawud, At'ima, 16, (3765)]

When leaving the house

Bismillah said while entering home keeps the evil of Satan away from us and our house away from him. It is clear that man needs protection when he goes out too. Audhu…Bismillah… is said to this end. However, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) was not content with only Audhu… Bismillah; he also prayed while going out. In a hadith narrated from Anas (r.a), the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said,

“Whoever says when he leaves his house, ‘In the name of Allah, I trust in Allah for there is no power or might but with Allah,’ it will be said to him, ‘You have been guided, sufficed and protected.’ Satan will be far away from him.” [Tirmidhi, Daawat, 34, (3422)]

Surah al-Baqarah: Ayatul-Kursiyy and Amanar-Rasulu

About our subject, in a hadith narrated from Abu Hurayra (r.a), the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

“Do not turn your houses into graveyards. Verily, Satan flees from the house in which Surah al-Baqarah is recited.” [Muslim, Musafirin, 212, (780)]

In another hadith, it is explained that these verses are the last two verses of Surah al-Baqara: "Amanar-Rasulu". (Tirmidhi, Thawabul-Quran, 4/2882)

When Getting Into Bed To Sleep

There are various prayers that the Messenger of God recited when he went to bed. In a hadith narrated from Burayda (r.a), the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) recommended the following prayer:

“O Allah, the Lord of the seven heavens and whatever they cover, Lord of the earths and whatever they contain, Creator of devils and whomever they mislead, be my protector from the evil of all Your creatures lest some of them should hasten with insolence against me or transgress the bounds. Honored is he who is in Your protection and blessed be Your name, there is no god except You.” [Tirmidhi, Daawat, 96, (3518)]

When one is frightened in sleep

According to what is reported from Imam Malik, Khalid Ibn Walid (r.a) asked the Prophet Muhammad: "I am frightened while I am sleeping. (What would you advise me to do?)” Our Prophet (pbuh) advised him to say the following prayer:

“I seek refuge in Allah from His wrath, His punishment, from the evil of His servants, from the delusions of the devils and from their companionship, with the perfect words of Allah!” [Muwatta, Shi’r, 9, (2, 950)]

When Entering the Toilet

Toilets, garbage dumps, baths, graves, and ruins are places where jinn and devils frequent and stay.

“Whenever the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) entered the toilet, he would say:

“Allahumma inni audhu bika minal khubthi wal khabaith. “(O Allah, I seek protection in You from the male and female unclean spirits.)” (Bukhari, Wudu, 9)

Takbir, Tasbih, Tahmid

Tasbihat can be done in the mosque and any place where we can pray, such as walking on the street, driving; it can also be done in bed and before going to sleep. In the Quran, the following is regarding the issue:

“Men who celebrate the praises of Allah, standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and contemplate the (wonders of) creation in the heavens and the earth, (With the thought): "Our Lord! not for naught Hast Thou created (all) this! Glory to Thee! Give us salvation from the penalty of the Fire....” (Aal-i Imran, 3/191)

Tasbihat should never be abandoned and should be done anywhere. As a matter of fact, our Prophet (pbuh) tells us that Satan reminds man of his daily affairs and causes delusions in prayer and that makes him rush in prayer, makes him be indulged in his work or causes him to sleep without allowing him to say tasbihat.

La ilaha illallahu wahdahu la sharika lah,

This is also one of the tasbihat to say after salah (prayer).

In a hadith narrated from Abu Hurayra (r.a), the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) states the following:

“Whoever says, ’La ilaha illallahu wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa ala kulli shayin qadir’ one hundred times a day, he will be rewarded as if he has freed ten slaves; besides, a hundred thawabs are recorded for him, a hundred sins of him are erased. It also protects him from Satan for three days until the evening." (Bukhari, Daawat, 54)

Surah al-Ikhlas Against Satan's Suggestions

In a hadith, a delusion of Satan is mentioned and we are recommended to recite Surah al-Ikhlas and spit to our left side three times.

Mu'awwidhatayn (Surah al-Falaq and Surah an-Nas)

It is reported that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) recited Surahs al-Falaq and an-Nas to get rid of the evil of the jinn, and recommended His companions and Hazrat Aisha to read them.

A hadith narrated from Hazrat Aisha (r.a) is as follows:

"When the Prophet (pbuh) went to sleep, he would read al-muawwidhatayn (chapters of al-Falaq, and an-Nas) and al-Ikhlas, blow on his palms and then wipe his hands on his face and body. He would repeat it three times. When he was ill, he would order me to do it." (Bukhari, Fadailul-Quran 14)

(4)  In the Qur'an, it is stated that Hz. Sulayman (Solomon) had servants from a part of jinn called "ifrit". Can you explain this incident and “ifrit jinn"?

Some of jinn are called "ifrit". Raghib al-Isfahani states that ifrit means dirty, tough. Based on this, Muhammed Hamdi Yazır states that this word is also used about human beings and is expressed as ifrit and nifrit. Ibn Qutaybah says, "Ifrit means strong in creation." (1) Shibli quotes the following from Abu Amr b. Abdulbarr: “Scholars of Kalam who know the language well mention jinn in degrees. When they mean jinn simply, they say "jinni". When they mean the one sitting with people, they say "amir"; they say "ummar" for the plural form. (2)

It means that ifrit has reached the highest level in evil and filth, has gone far in evil, overthrows whatever he holds, is strong, skillful, and uncontrollable. Since this expression is also used for human beings, it is mentioned as "from among jinn" in the verse. (3)

The following is stated in the Qur'an regarding this subject:

 “A powerful one from among the jinn said, "I will bring it to you before you rise from your place, and indeed, I am for this [task] strong and trustworthy. But the one who had knowledge of the Scripture said, ‘I can bring it to you in the blink of an eye.’ So when Solomon saw it placed before him, he exclaimed, ‘This is by the grace of my Lord to test me whether I am grateful or ungrateful. And whoever is grateful, it is only for their own good. But whoever is ungrateful, surely my Lord is Self-Sufficient, Most Generous.'(Surah An-Naml, 27/39-40) 

While it is pointed out what jinn can do in the verses, it is explained that a scholar who knows the science of teletransportation can also do some things more quickly than jinn do. As a matter of fact, tafsir scholars hold the view that the scholar who did it was one of Solomon's men. However, different things were said about who this person was. Ibn Masud (r.a) said that it was Khidr (a.s). (4). According to the famous view of Ibn Abbas, this person was Asif ibn Barkhiya, one of Solomon's viziers, who was loyal and honest. (5) Most of the tafsir scholars agree on this name.

The distance mentioned in the verse is stated to be two months long. (6) This person knew the "Ism al-Azam" prayer, which Allah would definitely accept a prayer when it is uttered. As a miracle of Solomon (a.s,), his vizier showed such a karamah.

On this subject, Badiuzzaman Said Nursi states the following in his book "Sözler":

“And, for example, the verse,

قَالَالَّذِىعِنْدَهُعِلْمٌمِنَاْلكِتَابِاَنَااَتِيكَبِهِقَبْلَاَنْيَرْتَدَّاِلَيْكَطَرْفُكَفَلَمَّارَاَهُمُسْتَقِرًّاعِنْدَهُ

(Said one who had knowledge of the Book: “I will bring it to you in the twinkling of an eye!” Then when Solomon saw it placed firmly before him) 27:40

The verse suggests then that it is possible to bring either things themselves or their images to one instantaneously from far away, and it is a fact that Almighty God bestowed this ability on Solomon (PBH) in the form of a miracle, to establish his innocence and justice. For being honoured with rulership as well as his Messengership, Solomon could in this way himself be informed of events in all the regions of his extensive dominions, and see the condition of his subjects and hear of their ills. That means, if man relies on Almighty God, and asks it of Him with the tongue of his innate capacity, like Solomon (PBH) asked for it with the tongue of his chastity, and if he conforms to His laws of wisdom in the universe, the world may become like a town for him. That is to say, while Bilkis’ throne was in Yemen, it was instantaneously present in Damascus, or its image was, and it was seen. The images of the men around the throne were also certainly conveyed there, and their voices heard...."(7)

As a matter of fact, the issues that Badiuzzaman mentioned have now come true.

It has become possible to broadcast live via the INTERNET, RADIO or TELEVISION, closed-circuit televisions and sophisticated cameras, to make speeches via multivision or cinevision, to broadcast via monitors and satellites that can be connected everywhere, and to keep the world under control with them. As the phrase goes, the world has become global and all kinds of activities have become common. In a way, the people in world has become close to one another as if they are on different floors and rooms of a building. The verse's pointing out to this event took place as a kind of miracle, and showed once again the immortality and universality of the Quran.

References:

(1) Yazır, Hak Dini, VI, 142.
(2) Şibli, Cinlerin Esrarı, p. 65.
(3) Yazır, Hak Dini, VI, 143.
(4) Alusi, Ruhul-Maani, X, 203.
(5) Suyuti, ad-Durrul-Manthur, VI, 360.
(6) Yazır, Hak Dini, VI; 144.
(7) Sözler, Yirminci Söz, (256-257).

(5)  It is said that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) wrote a dua (supplication) for jinn called the Jinn Letter. Is it true?

- Famous hadith scholar Ibn al-Jawzi, who included this narration circulating on the Internet in his work al-Mawduat (Fabricated Narrations), evaluated it by saying, "There is no doubt that it is fabricated." (see ibid, 3/169)

Bayhaqi states the following in his book "Dalail an-Nubuwwah" (8/188): "This narration is fabricated and it is not permissible to use it as a hadith".

You can also look at the following sources stating that this narration is fabricated: Suyuti, al-Laaliul-Masnua, 2/292; Muhammad Tahir b. Ali al-Hindi, Tadhkiratul-Mawduat, 1/212.

- We consider it appropriate to quote this narration, which is known to be widely used on internet sites and which is fabricated, to inform you:

Jinn Letter

Our Prophet (pbuh) dictated the following letter against devils and jinn. Those who have been exposed to such trouble should have this letter written and put it under their pillow. Inshallah, healing and cure are from Allah.

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْمِ

هَذَا كِتاَبٌ مِنْ مُحَمَّدٍ رَسُولِ اللهِ رَبِّ العَالَمِينَ إلَى مَنْ طَرَقَ الدَّارَ مِنَ الْعُمَّارِ وَالزُّوَّارِ وَالسَّائِحِينَ إلاَّ طَارِقاً يَطْرُقُ بِخَيْرٍ ياَ اللهُ. أَمَّا بَعْدُ فَإنَّ لَناَ وَلَكُمْ فِي الْحَقِّ سِعَةً فَإنْ تَكُ عَاشِقاً مُولِعاً أوْ فَاجِراً مُقْتَحِماً أَوْ رَاعِياً مُبْطِلاً فَهَذاَ كِتاَبُ اللهِ تَعَالىَ يَنْطِقُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَيْكُمْ بِالْحَقِّ إنَّا كُنَّا نَسْتَنْسِخُ مَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلوُنَ وَرُسُلُنَا يَكْتُبُونَ مَا تَمْكُرُونَ اُتْرُكُوا صَاحِبَ كِتَابِي هَذاَ وَانْطَلِقوُا إلىَ عَبَدَةِ اْلأصْنَامِ وَاْلأوْثاَنِ وَإلىَ مَنْ تَزْعُمُ أَنَّ مَعَ اللهِ إلَـهاً آخَرَ لاَ إلَـهَ إلاَّ هُوَ كُلُّ شَيْءٍ هَالِكٌ إلاَّ وَجْهَهُ لَهُ الْحُكْمُ وَإلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ، حم لا يُنْصَرُونَ، حمعسق تُغْلَبُونَ حم وَالْكِتَابِ الْمُبِينِ تُفْرَقُ أعْدَاءُ اللهِ وَبَلَغَتْ حُجَّةُ اللهِ وَلاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قَوَّةَ إلاَّ بِاللهِ فَسَيَكْفِيكَهُمُ اللهُ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

Dujana (r.a.) came to the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) and said: "O Messenger of Allah! When I lie in bed, I hear noises like the sound of a mill and bees buzzing. I see something like the brightness of lightning. When I look up, I see something like a long black shadow in the middle of my house. When I reach out to catch it, I see that the hair on its skin is like the hair of a hedgehog and I see pieces of fire throwing from its mouth towards my face; I think that it will burn me and I cannot sleep. I feel scared."

The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said: " O Abu Dujana! What comes to your house is a terrible creature. Bring me a piece of paper and a pen." Then, he gave the paper and pen that were brought to Hz. Ali (ra) and said "Say Bismillah and write (the supplication given above)." Abu Dujana (r.a.) said:  " I took this letter dictated by the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) and put it under my pillow and went to bed. I woke up in the middle of the night. I heard a terrible voice: I swear by Lat and Uzza you burned us. For the sake of the owner of this letter, remove it. We will never come to your house again."  Abu Dujana (r.a.) said, "I got up early in the morning and performed the Fajr (morning) prayer behind the Messenger of Allah (pbuh). I reported the cries of the jinn to the Messenger of Allah (pbuh)."  The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said to me, "O Abu Dujana! Remove that letter. I swear by Allah, who sent me as a true prophet, that if you do not remove that letter, they will suffer in torment until the Day of Judgment."

(6) Could you give us information UFOs (aliens)?

People are very curious about things they cannot reach. For thousands of years, we have wondered how big the world we live on is and what would happen if we went all the way to the end of the world. The fastest vehicle we could make at that time was a sailing ship. By pushing the limits of these ships and with a little bit of courage, man was able to understand that the world is a round shape - without going to the top of the world and taking a picture of it. The aliens of those times were native humans and animals on newly discovered lands. Even though we lived in the same world, each new culture and tribe developed different tools and languages. For example, in a world where aerodynamics and gravity were the same, Asians used bows and arrows for hunting while Australians invented a tool called a boomerang. The diversity of life in different parts of the world has shown us that there are no limits to the human mind and imagination.

These limitless imaginations brought about different curiosities in every age. Nowadays, the dreams of the scientific world are focused on the search for extraterrestrial intelligent life. If one day someone comes out and says that they are communicating with creatures on another planet, this news will indeed be one of the most important pieces of news the world has ever encountered.

People around the world are divided into two on this issue. Some say that even if there are intelligent extraterrestrial beings, they cannot be contacted due to distance while others say that it will be possible. There is even a debate that such creatures constantly visit the world. The UFO (Unidentified Flying Object) issue has been on people's minds for years. To see how possible it is, let us have a look at the walls separating us from possible aliens and analyze the data and examine them together.

This topic, namely UFO and extraterrestrial intelligent life, is a very broad topic; however, it should be examined in terms of limiting factors. For example, when the subject is examined in a social and physical way, it can be reduced to a level that almost anyone can understand. First of all, let us say that the word UFO means "Unidentified Flying Object", not a spaceship. In other words, everything that is in flight, maybe seen for a very short time, or maybe not understood because it is seen from afar, is included in this definition. Even a balloon that a small child releases is classified as a UFO if those who see it do not understand from afar what the object is because those who saw it could not identify what it was when they saw it flying.

If we look at the physical dimensions of the alleged alien visits, we come across some insurmountable obstacles. Under normal circumstances, we have to think that our alien friends who manage to visit us are from our own galaxy and are relatively close to us. Since there is no other planet with intelligent life in our solar system other than Earth, it will be reasonable to start with the nearest stars.

Until now, we have not been able to visually detect another planet orbiting a star other than the Sun. As a result of the small vibrations of some gravitational effects on the star, we can only suspect that there is a planet around it. It is not currently possible for us to see a planet around another star with a telescope or any other tool; let us have a look at this example:

Although we can see the bright light when the headlights of a distant car are turned towards us, we cannot see a firefly flying next to the headlight. The light of the firefly is not strong enough to reach far; besides, the car's headlights are bright enough to cover the firefly’s light. The light reflected by a planet is even lower than the firefly next to the headlight in the example compared to the star around which it revolves. That is, it is currently impossible to determine whether there is a planet there let alone whether a planet around another star is suitable for life or not.

Assuming that the aliens in question have a technology to overcome this, they should have other data to visit those on a planet they see — such as whether there is intelligent life there. The only data they can determine that we are here is broadcasts like television and radio that we make. The invention of the radio is still very recent. The first radio broadcasts in the world have now reached a distance of up to 80 light years. That is, no one further away can be aware that we are here.

All science world agrees unanimously that there is no other way to understand our existence here other than through radio signals reaching space. In that case, we cannot expect probable visitors from a distance further than 80 light years away. Moreover, that distance is valid providing that they set off once they got the first radio signals and came here in one second and arrived in the world nowadays. Even if it is regarded that the spaceships that we think they have travel at speed of light, it lasts about 80 light years for them to arrive here; therefore, we have to reduce the actual distance to 40 light years. (We have to accept that those visitors are in a 40-light-year distance, hear us in the 40th year and travel for 40 years!) Furthermore, if it is considered that the first and the most widespread UFO observations were in 1950s, the distance will decrease more because the first radio signals were only 30 years old at that time. Therefore, it will be adequate to do some research on stars that are 15 light years away, not 40, in order to search the claims about our alien visitors in those years when radio waves had just reached a 30-light-year distance.

The claims that magnificent monuments in ancient civilizations, for example, Ancient Egypt, Kampuchea-Anchor and Mexico, and sky calculations were taught or made by aliens are impossible because there was no broadcasting out in those years and there was no signal to attract those aliens to come to teach us in those days.

If we go back to the case of about 15-light-year distance, there are 50 stars in the global distances of the world’s 15-light-year radius. Proxima Centauri, the closest one of them, is at a distance of approximately 4.3 light years. Concorde, the current fastest airliner of the world, can cover that distance in 2,454,337 (two million four hundred fifty-four thousand three hundred and thirty-seven) years. A space shuttle has to travel at maximum speed, for at least 175,000 (one hundred seventy- five thousand) years to arrive here. Let us put this hardship aside supposing that aliens have high-speed (about speed of light) spaceships and have a look at the other aspects of the topic. There are lots of drawbacks that reduce the possibility of having systems of planets containing life conditions of about 50 stars that are 15 light years away. A star needs some features to provide a medium suitable for life. It will be useful to have a look at the system of star classification to understand it.

Stars are examined in 7 categories. Every star is included in one of the following categories in terms of their size and brightness: O, B, A, F, G, K, M, O being the biggest and M the smallest). For example, the sun is a star in the category of G. That is to say, it is a small yellow-white star below the average. Furthermore, every category is separated into 10 subcategories and 8 brightness categories. For example, the sun is classified as G2V; in other words, it is a yellow dwarf star, included in category G.

Since very big stars (especially O, B, A and to a large extent F categories) run out of their fuels very fast and die, they are very rare and are not suitable for life with their short life and unsteady state. The smallest and dim stars (category M and smaller ones of category K) are inadequate for life and containing system of planets. In that case, we need to have a look at category G stars, which are close to us, and, to a certain extent, category K stars. There are 3 stars included in that category and that are 15 light years away and closer. These stars are two stars in Centauri system, which is 4.3 light years away and the star called Epsilon Eridani, which is 10 light years away. It is estimated that the two stars in Alpha Centauri system form a three-star system that orbit around one another and share the systems; therefore, they cannot have a stable planet system as we have due to their gravity disequilibrium. Therefore, we have to eliminate the star called Alpha Centauri A, which is almost the same as the sun, and its neighbor. There remains only Epsilon Eridani. That star is quite a young star with its age of about 500 million years and it still needs a lot of time for a stable planet system to form around it.

As is seen, there is no planet system containing life conditions around us - at least so close to us as to be able to be informed about us - even if they get to the top of their technological capabilities. There is no need to search further away because it is too hard to believe in the existence of the creatures that will find us by chance among the stars and planets that are more than the sands in the seas though they do not know we are here.

Now, let us accept the existence of aliens and talk about the issue whether they visited our world or not socially and suppose that it really happened in spite of all physical obstacles, including the light-year walls that separate us. Almost 50 years passed after the first appearance of UFOs. When we think that at least one of these thousands of observations was a real alien visit, the following question comes to mind:

- If we had the spaceships and similar technology that aliens had and went to their planet covering tens of light year distance, would we communicate with these creatures officially with our wonderful equipment and knowledge?

At least, would we not say “We have come and we live in such and such place”? I do not suppose that there is a person who will say, “No, we would stay for a couple of seconds in the sky of a city after covering such a big distance.” It is so interesting that people who take alien visits seriously believe that aliens built spaceships to visit other planets and covered such a big distance and turned back after coming here even without saying hello.

Personally, I find the claims that they do not want to frighten us or that they want to wait for us to develop surprising. I respect claims about aliens regarding them as an opinion and an idea in spite of its apparent impossibility as long as they are not associated with materialistic and coincidental philosophy.

In my opinion, if the things that we seek are different lifestyles and different creatures, we should seek them at dimensions into which we cannot pass, not far away, maybe closer than our heart. All explanations about the images and stories that seem unbelievable are in our Book, in which all the secrets of the universe are written. If we seek all the truths about them or other intelligent creatures, this is the address: Verses 8-9, the chapter of al-Jinn

"And we have sought (to reach) the heaven but found it filled with powerful guards and burning flames. And we used to sit therein in positions for hearing, but whoever listens now will find a burning flame lying in wait for him."

(see Mehmet AKYÜREK, Duvarları Aş da Gel, Zafer Magazine, 2001/297)

(7) Can jinn strike people? Can jinn and devils harm people?

Jinn and devils can harm people. However, they cannot harm anyone they want. Devils and jinn harm people who live away from worship and are very immersed in sins.

Being struck by jinn is a very common belief in society. Almost everyone has more than one memory to talk about being struck by a jinn. However, it holds true not only for us, but almost all societies.

Shibli states that Sunni Islamic scholars including Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari believe that jinn can harm a human by entering his body, and that they explain this in their articles showing the verse in the surah (chapter) of al-Baqara informing us about the situation of the people who take interest, as evidence for it:

“Those who consume interest cannot stand [on the Day of Resurrection] except as one stands who is being beaten by Satan into insanity

When Ahmad Ibn Hanbal’s son Abdullah asked him, “Some people say that jinn cannot enter human body. What do you think about it?”, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal replied as follows: “They lie.” (2)

The following can be said related to "the conditions under which jinn can harm” people:

Jinn can affect believers and mislead them in different ways mostly when they are in a state of junub (ritually impure due to sexual intercourse or semen discharge), in menstruation and puerperium. Every sin that is committed is like a door and window opened for devils and dirty jinn. Sensitive people, spiritually ill people, free and easy ones living far from prayer and the atmosphere of the praying people, in particular, are affected by jinn easily.

Violation of the jinn’s life borders or rights and occupying their homes or places without saying Bismillahi (In the name of Allah) are definitely other important reasons for being harmed by them too. Therefore, our prophet, Hz. Muhammad (pbuh), teaches us to pray when we enter dirty places and prohibits us from performing salah (prayers) in places like garbage dumps, baths, toilets, pastures and graveyards, where they usually inhabit. He teaches us to pray as follows while entering the toilet: “Allahumma inni audhu bika minal-khubthi wal-khabaith (My Allah I take refuge in you from all the filths and the evils.” He wants us to say prayers in all phases of our lives, to be in clean places that can be a fortress and shield to be protected from this kind of evils, to be with clean people, to form an atmosphere of prayers and to protect ourselves with worship.”

Therefore, the one who wants to protect himself from all the evils of jinn must stay away from the sins first, closing the holes through which they can come.”

Footnotes:

(1) Shibli, Cinlerin Esrarı, p. 258.
(2) Shibli, ibid, s. 256-257.

(8) What are the places where jinn and Satan live?

According to Islam, jinn are beings with intelligence, understanding, will and consciousness. Therefore, they are obliged to believe in Allah, to obey His orders and worship. It is stated in the Quran in Surah al-Jinn and other verses. (1) As a matter of fact, jinn were in touch with both our Prophet and Hz. Musa (Moses) and other prophets and listened to their messages; some of them believed and some of them denied. (2)

Their Marriage, Reproduction and their Life Spans

Jinn are beings that have gender, and since their gender is indicated in the Quran, they marry like humans, (3) reproduce like humans, are born, grow, and die. (4) Their life span, however, is much longer than ours. It is said that jinn can up to 1000 and 1500 years. (5) It is because jinn live in a different dimension. The flow of time is different there. Therefore, it is quite obvious that the news received by means of jinn are not unseen knowledge but based on their age and experience because the realm of ghayb, which is closed for us, is closed for them too.

Their state in terms of belief and unbelief

There are unbelievers, believers and hypocrites (munafiqs) among jinn; the unbeliever jinn are called Satan. (6) The jinn are also subject to trial and testing in this world and will be held responsible for their acts in the hereafter; they will go either to Hell or to Paradise. Those who believe in Allah and do good deeds will go to Paradise, and those deny Him and do not believe in Him, and die without believing and repenting will go to Hell and be punished just like human beings. As a matter of fact, the following is stated in the Quran:

“Many are the Jinn and men we have made for Hell: They have hearts wherewith they understand not, eyes wherewith they see not, and ears wherewith they hear not. They are like cattle,- nay more misguided: for they are heedless (of warning)” (7) Another verse is as follows: “On the day He gathers everyone together (say)ing], ‘Company of jinn! You have seduced a great many humans,’ their adherents among mankind will say, ‘Lord, we have profited from one another, but now we have reached the appointed time You decreed for us.’ He will say, ‘Your home is the Fire, and there you shall remain’- unless God wills otherwise: (Prophet), your Lord is all wise, all knowing.” (8)

Jinn are the Inhabitants of the Earth

According to the verse above and some other verses, both devils, who are unbelieving jinn, and jinn can watch people without being seen by them. They can mislead believers, and lead them to wrong paths by sneaking from the right, left, back and front of men. (9) Since jinn are also inhabitants of the earth like humans and their existence is certain based on the Quran and Sunnah; therefore, denying their existence is considered unbelief. (10)

The fact that people are unable to see them cannot be evidence for their nonexistence because people are incapable of seeing not only jinn but also many other things. Man’s ability to see, hear, and understand is limited. Considering that we can see merely five of the beings in a million and we believe in many of the things we do not see like pain, agony, love, hatred, fear, mind, electricity, wind, etc., the issue will be understood more easily.

Are Jinn Liars?

It is stated in the Quran and hadiths that jinn are liars and they lie against Allah. (11) However, it must still be connected with belief and piety because just as it is forbidden for a believing human to lie so too is it forbidden for the believing jinn to lie. In this respect, liars must either be unbelieving or hypocritical jinn, or they must be jinn who have not attained perfection in belief.

They Live in Every Country and Every City

Jinn can live in any part of the world as well as in inhabited places. They may live in and belong to Asia, Europe, America, Arabia, Turkestan, and Russia and in the cities of these countries. They can be attributed to cities like Ankara, Istanbul, Konya Antalya and Bursa. As a matter of fact, it is reported that some of the jinn who came to listen to the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) were from Nusaybin, which is located around Diyarbakir in Turkey. (12) It is also reported in hadiths that another group of jinn that came to the Prophet (pbuh) was from Jazira (13) and that the Prophet stated that there was a group of jinn who were converted to Islam in Medina (14). In addition, it is reported that some of the jinn who came to listen to the Prophet (pbuh) were from Yemen and Nasibin (or Nusaybin). (15)

Every Man Has a Jinni

It is one of the things that has been known for a long time that jinn live together with humans. Accordingly, it is possible for them to be organized like people, to have military and police departments, to have all kinds of Islamic and non-Islamic social and political groups and parties, to have the mindset that humans have, to be developed and underdeveloped. In other words, their life order and management may consist of some kind of imitation of human beings. as a matter of fact, the following is stated in a hadith narrated by Muslim: "Every human has a companion from angels and jinn." (16) In a hadith narrated from Jabir, our Prophet (pbuh) said: “Do not visit the women whose husbands are absent because Satan flows through one of you as the blood flows in your veins.” Thereupon, the companions asked: “And you?” Our Prophet (pbuh) said, “Me too but Allah helped me against Satan and he surrendered (or became a Muslim).” (17) The phrase became a Muslim” given in parentheses in the hadith is another meaning that is preferred. However, hadith scholars state that it is not in question for Satan to become a Muslim and that it is more appropriate to use it in the sense of “he surrendered”. (18) The view that what is meant in the hadith is an unbelieving jinni will settle the issue. As a matter of fact, unbelieving jinn are called devils.

Dwellings of Jinn

It is understood that the places where jinn are generally dirty places such as garbage dumps. As a matter of fact, our Prophet (pbuh) informed us that the garbage left at home is the meeting places of jinn. (19) However, a believer does not like dirt no matter what kind it is. It should be understood from it that some people like dirt and they commit things that are regarded as dirty by the religion, and that the dirty and bad ones among jinn live in such dirty places and enjoy dirt. Based on this statement, some scholars expressed their opinions that our Prophet attracted our attention to cleanliness in Islam and that, like invisible jinn, invisible microbes can reproduce quickly and cause various diseases because they also said that microbes were meant by the concept of jinn in hadiths. It is also seen that there was a belief that jinn lived inside holes during the period of the Companions and Tabiun. A hadith regarding the issue is as follows:

Abdullah b. Sarjis (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates: “the Messenger of Allah prohibited us from pissing into holes of insects. When Qatada, a tafsir scholar, was asked about the reason for it, he replied as follows: "It was stated that these holes were the habitations of jinn." (21)

Footnotes:

(1) Yazır, Hak Dini, VIII, 360; al-An’am, 6/130; adh-Dhariyat, 51/56
(2) al-An’am, 6/130; al-Ahqaf, 46/29-30; al-Jinn, 72/1-2; Bukhari, Tafsir, 72/1; Adhan, 105; Muslim, Salah, 149-150, 153; Tirmidhi, Tafsir, 72/2-3, No: 3323-3324; A. H. Musnad, I, 252.
(3) ar-Rahman, 55/56; Abu Ya’la al-Farra, al-Mutamad, p. 174. Ateş
(4) Bukhari, Tawhid, 7; Dhikr, 67; Cf. A. H. Musnad, I, 302.
(5) Imam Shibli, Cinlerin Esrarı, p. 32.
(6) Kahf, 18/50; I. Malik, Muwatta, Shaar, 4/10; A. H. Musnad, III, 419; Ibn Jawzi, Talbis, pp. 35-36; Muslim, Munafiqin, 69.
(7) al-A’raf, 7/179; al-Jinn, 72/5.
(8) al-An’am, 6/128.
(9) al-A’raf, 7/27; az-Zukhruf, 43/36-39; an-Nisa, 4/38; Qaf, 50/27.
(10) A. Naim, Tecrid-i Sarih Terc., II, 403.
(11) al-A’raf, 7/27; al-Jinn, 72/5; Tirmidhi, S. Quran 3, (2883); Yazır, ibid, IV, 29.
(12) Bukhari, Manaqibul-Ansar, 32.
(13) Muslim, Salah, 150.
(14) Muslim, Salam, 141; İ. Malik, Muwatta, Isti’dhan, 13/33.
(15) Tirmizi, Taharah, 14/18. al-Jinn, 72/6; Yazır, ibid, VII, 118; VIII, 369-371.
(16) Muslim, Munafiqin, 69.
(17) Tirmidhi, Rada, 17/1172; A. H. Musnad, III, 309; Darimi, Sunan, II, 320, Riqaq, 66.
(18) Tirmidhi, Rada, 17/1172; I. Jawzi, Talbisu İblis, s. 34.
(19) Abdurrazzaq, Musannaf, XI, 32.
(20) Ateş, Cinler-Büyü, 49.
(21) Abu Dawud, Taharah, 16, (29); Nasai, Taharah 30; (1, 33, 34); A. H. Musnad, V, 82.

 

(9) Is it a sin to evoke jinn? Is it possible to contact jinn?

It is not a sin to evoke jinn, to try to contact them, but it is not appropriate to try to do so with a bad intent.

Man, who was sent as the caliph over jinn and all beings, is superior to jinn in terms of intelligence, mind, memory, reasoning and worship, as well as his nature and creation. Some jinn who do not take lessons from heavenly religions, do not accept the superiority of humans because of the lesson they learned from Satan; they envy humans.

Regarding this, Allah Almighty states the following in the Quran,

“Indeed, We created humans in the best form.” (at-Tin, 95/4)

Thus, He states that man is superior not only to jinn but also to all beings.

Jinn do not accept the superiority of humans; they put men in difficult situations and do their best to make humans need them. Those who do not know the nature and structure of jinn expect help from jinn. Spiritualists benefit from such gullible people and their ignorance.

People who do not know the nature and characteristics of jinn sometimes overestimate them. In other words, they think or deem that jinn are omniscient, omnipotent, and superior to humans. It is a real delusion.

Can humans contact jinn?

In the Quran, there are some signs about jinn and devils that they can be taken under control and be used as servants. The best example for it is the Prophet Sulayman (Solomon) (pbuh) about whom a story is told in the Quran. Islamic scholars had various explanations about the issue. The following is stated about the issue in Risale-i Nur Collection, in 20th Word in summary:

“The verses stating that Solomon (pbuh) took control of wicked spirits, prevented their wickedness and made them do good deeds:

“And (We subjected to him) every builder and diver of the jinn and others bound together in chains...” (Surah Sad, 38/38)

“And (We subjected) some jinn that dived for him, and performed other duties. It is We Who kept them in check.” (Surah al-Anbiya, 21/82)

It means jinn, the most conscious residents of the Earth after human beings, can be servants for human beings. We can contact them. Devils can be obliged to give up enmity and serve. God Almighty made them serve His slave (Solomon), who obeyed God’s commands.

Contacting jinn has some ways and methods; it requires a guide and being an expert. If methods, principles and guides are not used, there will be risks of making mistakes and getting into trouble. If those people are unaware about the spiritual world and do not know where to stand, they may be attacked by wicked spirits; they can get under their control and turn out to be toys in their hands. Jinn sometimes lead those people into pride and arrogance and sometimes try to scare and threaten them, making them talk on their behalf and serve them.

As a matter of fact, in the 20th century, Ghulam Ahmad Qadiyani became a victim of those wicked jinn. He wanted to struggle for Islam in the way of Fakirism against Yogism but was attacked by wicked spirits and became one of their toys. Wicked spirits, at first, made him accept that he is a mujaddid and then Mahdi and later made him believe that he was Jesus-Messiah. In the end, he said, God forbid, “Allah entered my body and appeared in me.” Wicked spirits can easily contact wicked people and can cause them to go crazy.

Therefore, we can understand that such events can happen and jinn can be contacted by experts and they can be made do something, but it is extremely dangerous to regard it as fun and become busy with it without having enough knowledge.

Can jinn strike humans?

Strike of jinn is a widespread concept in the society. Almost everyone can tell a story about it. However, it holds true not only for us, but almost all societies.

Shibli states that Sunni Islamic scholars including Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari believe that jinn can harm a human by entering his body, and that they explain this in their articles showing the verse in the surah (chapter) of Baqara informing us about the situation of the people who take interest, as evidence for it:

“Those who devour usury will not stand except as stand one whom the Satan by his touch Hath driven to madness.” (Shibli, Cinlerin Esrarı, p. 258)

When Ahmad Ibn Hanbal’s son Abdullah asked him, “Some people say that jinn cannot enter human body. What do you think about it?”, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal replied as follows: “They lie”. (Shibli, ibid, pp. 256-257)

The following can be said related to "the conditions under which jinn can harm” people:

“Jinns can affect believers and mislead them in different ways mostly when they are in a state of junub (ritually impure due to sexual intercourse or semen discharge), in menstruation and puerperium. Every sin that is committed is like a door and window opened for them. Sensitive people, spiritually ill people, free and easy ones living far from prayer and the atmosphere of the praying people, in particular, are affected by jinn easily." 

"Violation of jinn’s life borders or rights and occupying their homes or places without saying Bismillahi (In the name of Allah) are other important reasons for being harmed by them too. Therefore, our prophet Hz. Muhammad (pbuh) teaches us to pray when we enter dirty places and prohibits us from performing salah (prayers) in places like garbage dumps, baths, toilets, pastures and graveyards, where they usually inhabit. He teaches us to pray as follows while entering the toilet: “Allahumma inni audhu bika minal- khubthi wal-khabaith (My Allah! I take refuge in you from all the filths and the evils.” He wants us to say prayers in all phases of our lives, to be in clean places which can be a fortress and shield to be protected from this kind of evils, to be with clean people, to form an atmosphere of prayers and to protect ourselves with the worship."

"Therefore, the one who wants to protect himself from all the evils of jinn must stay away far from the sins first, closing the holes through which they can come."

 

(10) Is it possible to contact or communicate with jinn?

In the Quran, there are some signs about jinn and devils that they can be taken under control and be used as servants.

The best example for it is the Prophet Sulayman (Solomon) (pbuh) about whom a story is told in the Quran. Islamic scholars had various explanations about the issue. The following is stated about the issue in Risale-i Nur Collection, in the Twentieth Word in summary:

“The verses stating that Solomon (pbuh) took control of wicked spirits, prevented their wickedness and made them do good deeds:

“And (We subjected to him) every builder and diver of the jinn and others bound together in chains...” (Surah Sad, 38/38)

“And (We subjected) some jinn that dived for him, and performed other duties. It is We Who kept them in check.” (Surah al-Anbiya, 21/82)

It means jinn, the most conscious residents of the Earth after human beings, can be servants for human beings. We can contact them. Devils can be obliged to give up enmity and serve. God Almighty made them serve His slave (Solomon), who obeyed God’s commands.

Contacting jinn has some ways and methods; it requires a guide and being an expert. If methods, principles and guides are not used, there will be risks of making mistakes and getting into trouble. If those people are unaware about the spiritual world and do not know where to stand, they may be attacked by wicked spirits; they can get under their control and turn out to be toys in their hands. Jinn sometimes lead those people into pride and arrogance and sometimes try to scare and threaten them, making them talk on their behalf and serve them.

As a matter of fact, in the 20th century, Ghulam Ahmad Qadiyani became a victim of those wicked jinn. He wanted to struggle for Islam in the way of Fakirism against Yogism but was attacked by wicked spirits and became one of their toys. Wicked spirits, at first, made him accept that he is a mujaddid and then Mahdi and later made him believe that he was Jesus-Messiah. In the end, he said, God forbid, “Allah entered my body and appeared in me.”

Wicked spirits can easily contact wicked people and can cause them to go crazy. Therefore, we can understand that such events can happen and jinn can be contacted by experts and they can be made do something, but it is extremely dangerous to regard it as fun and become busy with it without having enough knowledge.

(11) It is said that onion skin is the money of jinn, and burning it can also the reason to be struck by jinn. Is it true?

One of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) narrates:

"A man was eating without saying "bismillah". As he ate his last bite, he said "bismillahi fi awwalihi wa akhirihi". The Messenger of Allah smiled and said, "Satan was eating with him. When he mentioned the name of Allah, Satan vomited what was in his stomach and took it out of his mouth."  (Abu Dawud)

The food of jinn are the dishes that are eaten without saying bismillah, onion skin, dung and bones. Salman al-Farisi narrates:

"The Prophet (pbuh) prohibited us from urinating and defecating by facing the qiblah, anal cleansing by using the right hand, using fewer than three stones during anal cleansing and performing anal cleansing with dried dung and bones." (Muslim, Abu Dawud)

He also said, "Do not perform anal cleansing with dried dung or bones because they are the food of your jinn brothers." (Tirmidhi, Taharah, 14/18; Şahin, İnancın Gölgesinde, I, 149-152)

Amash narrates: "Once a jinni came and we asked him, "What is your favorite food?" He said, "Rice." We brought him some rice. the morsels were going but we could not see anything." (Ibn Kathir)

(12) Can Jinn take the form of human beings?

There are signs both in the Quran and Sunnah that spiritual beings can take the form of men or animals and can be seen by human beings. For instance, the fact that Gabriel (Jibril) became visible to Mary (Maryam) in the form of a decent man is an indication of it. Moreover, Gabriel became visible to our Prophet both in his original form (1) and in the shape of Dihyatul-Kalbi (2), who was one of the Companions. The Angel was seen not only by the Prophet but also by his Companions. This hadith is very sound and is renown as the Gabriel Hadith.

In the Islamic sources, there are some views that Azrael, Gabriel and some other angels and jinn can, with the permission of Allah, be visible to people in different forms. We want to mention some of those views:

Other verses about Solomon (Peace be upon him) which allude to spirits appearing in physical form, and his calling up demons and subjugating them, (3) and other verses besides, such as,

“Then We sent to her Our (angel of) revelation and he presented himself to her in the form of a perfect and well-proportioned man.” (Maryam, 19/17-18)

indicate both the calling-up of spirits, and spirit beings assuming physical form. But the calling-up of good spirits alluded to here is not in the manner of ‘the cultured,’ to be disrespectful to spirits in that utterly serious world and attract them to their own places and games, but –like one group of the saints like Muhyiddin al-Arabi, who, most seriously and for a serious purpose, met with spirits when they wanted– to be attracted to them and to form a relation with them, and by going to their place and drawing close to their world to an extent, to benefit from their spirituality. It is this that the verses allude to, and within the allusion, make it understood that they are encouraging man to achieve it. They trace the furthest limit of occult arts and sciences of this sort, and point out their best form. (4)”

It is understood from verses and some concrete incidents that it seems possible for angels, jinn and other spiritual beings to take the form of human beings. Those spiritual beings become visible to some people other than prophets too. As a matter of fact, Mary, who saw Gabriel in the form of a decent human being, was not a prophet. The following question, then, comes to our minds: “Why cannot the rest of the people see them considering that she saw them?”

It is known that some people from the tribe and ummah of the Prophet Solomon (pbuh) saw a demon from jinn and that those jinn worked for the Prophet Solomon in buildings and hunted treasure under the sea and did some other things in their own forms. Some of the Companions of the Prophet, primarily Ibn Masud, Abu Hurayra and Abu Ayyub al-Ansari (may Allah be pleased with them) said they saw jinn in different shapes and thereupon our Prophet described some of them as devils and the others as jinn.

Since unbelieving jinn are called devils, the observed being was one of the jinn. As a matter of fact, depending on some hadiths regarding the issue, some of the Islamic scholars came to the conclusion that Satan and jinn, like angels, can disguise themselves as other beings and they can also be seen in their own forms. In order to bring evidence to this, they show the cases in which our Prophet overcame Satan when he attacked him during the prayer, his choking it and wanting to tie him to one of the poles of Masjid an-Nabawi, and the verse mentioning that a jinni could bring the throne of Balqis to the Prophet Solomon (An-Naml, 27/39). (5)

Some other Islamic scholars warned us and drew the attention to the drawbacks of accepting it on the grounds that angels, jinn and devils are not capable of changing their dispositions and taking other forms apart from their own shapes, based on their own will. For example, Ar-Razi states that accepting the notion that jinn can take other forms and disguise themselves as humans can bring about distrust among people and may lead to the suspicion for some people that their mothers, fathers, friends, wives and daughters might be jinn. (6) In addition, Ar-Razi states that they cannot take the shapes of prophets because, otherwise, religion and Islamic law cannot be credited at all. He also states that they are unable to disguise themselves as scholars and devotees of Islam, otherwise, killing them, tearing their works into pieces would be a must for people. (7)

Abu Yala al-Farra states that jinn, devils, and angels cannot change their original forms and cannot disguise themselves as other beings except with the permission of Allah. (8)

Footnotes:

(1) an-Najm, 52/6-14; Cf. Yazır, Hak Dini, I,

(2) Bukhari, Fadailul-Quran, 1;

(3) Cf. Sad, 38/38; al-Anbiya, 21/82; an-Naml, 27/40.

(4) Sözler (Words), (20), 235.

(5) Ayni, Umdatul-Qari, VII, 102.

(6) Razi, Mafatihul-Ghayb, XIV, 54.

(7) Razi, ibid., XXVI, 208.

(8) al-Farra, al-Mutamad fi Usulid-Din, p. 174-175.

(13) Were there any prophets from jinn?

“O ye assembly of Jinn and men! Came there not unto you messengers from amongst you, setting forth unto you My signs, and warning you of the meeting of this Day of yours? They will say: "We bear witness against ourselves." It was the life of this world that deceived them. So against themselves will they bear witness that they rejected Faith.” (al-Anam, 6/130)

“...Yes indeed; a Warner did come to us, but we rejected him and said, ´Allah never sent down any (Message).’”(al-Mulk, 67/9)

These verses indicate that prophets were sent to the jinn too. However, since the verse is general, it seems more appropriate to understand it that prophets, and especially the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), were sent to both humans and jinn, not that they were sent only to jinn or only humans.

Ismail Hakki Bursevi, states the following related to the issue ‘whether jinn were sent prophets from jinn or not’:

“Doubtlessly, both jinn and humans are held responsible. However, as for the issue of the prophets sent to them, those prophets can be both jinn and human beings. the prophets’ being from among different beings will not prevent them from benefiting from those prophets. In that case, elites among jinn could be messengers of prophets and convey their messages to their own nation."

"On the other hand, it is unanimously agreed that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the Messenger of both humans and jinn. The prophets before him were sent only to a particular community. The Prophet Sulayman was not sent with the duty of a general prophethood; he was entrusted with a duty of a sovereign, governor, and administrator."

“Accordingly, the phrase “among you” mentioned in the verse indicates either the first explanation above, i.e., messengers can be both and humans and jinn or the second explanation, i.e., prophets can be sent only from humans. However, phrase “O assembly of jinn and men” addressing both jinn and men makes the use of the phrase “among you” appropriate. (1)

Elmalili Hamdi Yazir states the following regarding the issue:

It is understood from humans and jinn being one assembly that the prophets of humans are also the prophets of jinn. That there are devils of human and jinn that are enemy of the prophets is also related with this issue. There is no doubt that the last prophet, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) in particular, is the prophet of both humans and jinn. In fact, Busayri explained it nicely with the following couplet:

Muhammadun Sayyidul-Kawnayni wath-thaqalayni;

Wal-Fariqayni min Urubin wa min Ajami

Muhammad is the master of two realms and two species (humans and jinn);

And two nations: Arabs and non-Arabs. (2)

References:

(1) Bursevi, Ruhul-Beyan, III, 96.

(2)Yazır, Hak Dini, III,518

(14) Who lived in the world before human beings?

It is understood from some expressions in the Quran that some beings that were held responsible like human beings lived in the world before human beings. However, it is not possible to say something definite about what kind of beings they were. Badiuzzaman Said Nursi sates the following regarding the issue:

“I will create a vicegerent on earth.” (al-Baqara, 2/30) The word ‘vicegerent (khalifa)’ in the verse suggests that before conditions on the earth were readied for human life, there were intelligent creatures for whose lives, conditions during the earth’s early epochs were suitable. This view is in conformity with wisdom. The most widely held view is that these creatures were a species of jinn, but they spread corruption on the earth so were succeeded by mankind." (1)

Abdullah Aydemir, who gathered the views of hadith and fiqh scholars, states in his book called “Tefsirde İsrailiyyat” the following verse, which forms the basis for evidence about the views put forward regarding the issue, that tafsir scholars mention many things while interpreting this verse and that one of them is the information about the inhabitants of the earth before Hz. Adam:

“Behold, thy Lord said to the angels: ‘I will create a vicegerent on earth.’ They said: ‘Wilt Thou place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed blood?- whilst we do celebrate Thy praises and glorify Thy holy (name)?’ He said: ‘I know what ye know not.’" (Surah al-Baqarah, 2/30)

Abdullah Ibn Umar states the following:

“Jinn, who were called Sons of Jaann, were in the world two thousand years before the creation of Hz. Adam. Allah sent an army consisting of angels against them because they caused mischief and chaos in the world, shed blood and committed murders. These mischief-makers, who were punished by angels, saved their lives by taking refuge on the islands in the sea. Thereupon, God Almighty said to angels, “I will create a vicegerent on earth …” (2)

Ibn Abbas states the following:

"Man was created out of mud. Jinn used to live in the world first. They shed blood on the earth and killed one another. Allah sent an army consisting of angels under the command of Iblis against them. Iblis and the angels under his command fought those jinn and drove them away to the islands in the sea and on mountains. After gaining this victory, Iblis felt conceited and boasted: “I have done something that nobody else has done.” Allah knew this conceit in the heart of Iblis. The angels that were with Iblis did not know about it. God Almighty said to the angels that were with Iblis, “I will create a vicegerent on earth.” Thereupon, the angels said, “Will You place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed blood like the jinn You ordered us to drive away?” (3)

Footnotes:

(1) see İşaratü’l-İ'caz, p. 201.
(2) see Shawkani, Fath al-Qadir, I, 75.
(3) see Tabari, Tafsir, I/195-214; Tarikh, I/1,107-112.

(15) Do jinn also eat, drink water and go to the toilet?

Jinn eat, drink and marry like humans. (İmam-ı Şiblî, Cinlerin Esrarı, Takdim Bölümü : 94) They can also have sexual relationships just like humans. (M. Abdülfettah Şahin, İnancın Gölgesinde: 1/146; İmam-ı Şiblî, Cinlerin Esrarı, 107)

Jinn asked the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) about their food. He said:

"Every bone on which the name of Allah is recited and with a lot of flesh is your food. Every dung of camel and horse is fodder for your animals.”

Therefore, the Prophet (pbuh) warned the Companions as follows:

"Do not perform anal cleansing with these two things (bone and dried dung) because they are the food of your brothers (jinn). [Muslim, Salah 150 (450); Tirmidhi, Tafsir, Ahqaf (3254); Prof. İbrahim Canan, K. Sitte: 4/244; İmam-ı Şiblî, Cinlerin Esrarı, 96]

However, although the words of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) “bone on which the name of Allah is recited” are understood differently, our scholars have agreed that the bone on which Allah’s name is recited is the food of the believing jinn, and the bones on which Allah’s name is not recited are the food of the unbelieving jinn. (Prof. İbrahim Canan, K. Sitte: 4/244)

It is clearly stated in Muslim's Sahih that dung is the provision of the animals, not jinn. The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said to jinn - on the night He met with them - in the narration in question,

“Every bone on which the name of Allah is recited and with a lot of flesh is your food. Dung of animals is fodder for your animals.” Then, he said, “Do not perform anal cleansing with these two things (bone and dried dung) because they are the food of your brothers (jinn).” (Muslim, Salah,150).

It is clearly understood from this hadith that the word "food" in the statement they are the food of your brothers (jinn)” is used as general word. So it means bone for jinn and dung for their animals.

The following statement is included in Tirmidhi's Sunan.

“Do not perform anal cleansing with dung or bones because they are the food of your jinn brothers.” (Tirmidhi, Taharah, 14)

Some scholars such as Ibn Hajar drew attention to the pronoun "Innahu = this" in the hadith and stated that that pronoun belonged to only the word "Izam = bones"; they state that nothing is said for the word "raws = dung" because it aims to indicate that it is food for their animals, not for jinn. (Tuhfatul-Ahwazi, the explanation of the hadith in question)

It is understood from these explanations that the "bone" mentioned in the hadiths is the food of jinn, and the "dung" is the food of the animals belonging to jinn.

(16) What harms can jinn do to humans? Can humans be friend with jinn? If yes, how?

Being struck by jinn is a very common belief in society. Almost everyone has more than one memory to tell a story about it and it holds true for almost all societies.

Shibli states that Sunni Islamic scholars including Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari believe that jinn can harm a human by entering his body, and that they explain this in their articles showing the verse in the surah (chapter) of al-Baqara informing us about the situation of the people who take interest, as evidence for it:

“Those who devour usury will not stand except as stand one whom the Satan by his touch Hath driven to madness.” (Surah al-Bakarah, 275)

When Ahmad Ibn Hanbal’s son Abdullah asked him, “Some people say that jinn cannot enter human body. What do you think about it?”, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal replied as follows: “They lie.” (2)

The following can be said related to "the conditions under which jinn can harm” people:

“Jinn can affect believers and mislead them in different ways mostly when they are in a state of junub (ritually impure due to sexual intercourse or semen discharge), in menstruation and puerperium. Every sin that is committed is like a door and window opened for devils and dirty jinn. Sensitive people, spiritually ill people, free and easy ones living far from prayer and the atmosphere of the praying people, in particular, are affected by jinn easily. Violation of the jinn’s life borders or rights and occupying their homes or places without saying Bismillahi (In the name of Allah) are definitely other important reasons for being harmed by them too. Therefore, our prophet, Hz. Muhammad (pbuh), teaches us to pray when we enter dirty places and prohibits us from performing salah (prayers) in places like garbage dumps, baths, toilets, pastures and graveyards, where they usually inhabit. He teaches us to pray as follows while entering the toilet: “Allahumma inni audhu bika minal-khubthi wal-khabaith (My Allah I take refuge in you from all the filths and the evils.” He wants us to say prayers in all phases of our lives, to be in clean places that can be a fortress and shield to be protected from this kind of evils, to be with clean people, to form an atmosphere of prayers and to protect ourselves with worship.”

Therefore, the one who wants to protect himself from all the evils of jinn must stay away from the sins first, closing the holes through which they can come.”

Jinn are obliged to believe like humans. Whether they have the ability to pass to our world or not, all jinn are responsible just like humans. Prophets were also sent to them. When the Quran is recited, the devils, who are the unbelieving jinn, cannot approach people and cannot harm them. However, Muslim jinn can enter places where the Quran is recited.

An incident from the time of our prophet sheds light on this issue.

“One night Hz. Aisha (r.a.) was woken up by jinn and brought to the presence of a high court. When she asked the reason, they said: ‘You killed a Muslim jinni; you will be judged.’ When she asked, ‘Where did I kill a jinni?’, they answered as follows:

When you were reading the Quran, one of our Muslim brothers came to listen to you by entering inside a snake. When you saw that snake in your home, you killed it. Therefore, our brother in it was killed too. You will be judged.” (3) There was a deal at the end of the trial and the issue was settled.  

Man, who was sent as the caliph over jinn and all beings, is superior to jinn in terms of intelligence, mind, memory, reasoning and worship, as well as his nature and creation. Some jinn who do not take lessons from heavenly religions, do not accept the superiority of humans because of the lesson they learned from Satan; they envy humans.

Regarding this, Allah Almighty states the following in the Quran,

“Indeed, We created humans in the best form.” (at-Tin, 95/4)

Thus, He states that man is superior not only to jinn but also to all beings.

Jinn do not accept the superiority of humans; they put men in difficult situations and do their best to make humans need them. Those who do not know the nature and structure of jinn expect help from jinn. Spiritualists benefit from such gullible people and their ignorance.

People who do not know the nature and characteristics of jinn sometimes overestimate them. In other words, they think or deem that jinn are omniscient, omnipotent, and superior to humans. It is a real delusion.

Footnotes:

(1) Şiblî, Cinlerin Esrarı, p. 258.
(2) Şibli, ibid, pp. 256-257.
(3) Qurtubi, al-Jamiu Li Ahkamil-Quran, 16/214,215.

(17) If a person is possessed by jinn, how can he/she be saved? What should be done?

It would not be right to apply to any people about this subject. It is possible to act according to the advice of people with knowledge, the ones whose knowledge and piety are trusted and who help people for the sake of Allah without expecting any other benefit.

(18) Is it possible to marry jinn? If it is, is it permissible?

Marriages between jinn and men based on the consent and acceptance of the both parties and a contract do not take place. The rumors about marriages between them are not marriages that are based on consent and a contract but in the form of molestation and rape.

To accept that exist rape and sexual closeness occurred between them cannot prove that marriage between them is legitimate. Otherwise, a woman who gives birth to an illegitimate child may say, “I am married to a jinni; the child’s father is a jinni”, and try to get away with it. Islamic law does not accept a claim like that as acceptable and does not regard the owner of that claim excusable. (Mehmed Emre, Cinlerle İnsanlar Arasında Evlilik)

Another issue that causes hesitation and misunderstanding in the society is marriage with jinn. In terms of creed, there is nothing like that in the Quran or in hadiths.

It is not permissible for man to marry an animal because they are of different species; it is not permissible to marry a jinni, either. (al-Fatawal-Hadithiyya, 167; Halil GÜNENÇ, Günümüz Meselelerine Fetvalar II. 111)

First of all, man consists of the condensation of cells and molecules; a jinni consists of a current of energy in the form of ray. It is impossible for men and jinn that are in different dimensions and have different nature to come together physiologically and biologically and to get married. Jinn can give men only feelings, desires and emotions; they can arouse the sexual feelings of humans; they can activate the centers of lust in the human brain through magnetic currents.

It is not permissible to kiss jinn since they are conscious beings.

No marriage takes place between men and jinn because one of the necessities of marriage is being together. However, it is not possible for men and jinn to be together. There are no common points between them in terms of eating, drinking and housing; so, they cannot be in harmony. Then, since there cannot be harmony and living together, there is no use in their marriage. Therefore, there is no marriage contract between them. If their marriage were deemed legitimate, the women who became pregnant due to fornication would claim that a male jinni made them pregnant, causing the spread of mischief in the world. In order to eliminate that mischief, it is necessary that marriage with jinn be illegitimate.  (M. Vehbi, 15, 6176)

The issue of marriage between jinn and men are reported from Israelite traditions, wrong religions and superstitions. When stories are transmitted from generation to generation and ear to ear, they undergo changes and become superstitions.

Schizophrenia, which is an illness related to the brain, has many forms. Hallucination is often observed in schizophrenia. A jinni that makes itself visible to a schizophrenic person in the form of hallucination can convince that person that they are married. It may seem in the form of a naked person and increase man’s lust, making him/her see an imagination of marriage. A person can be junub as if he is having a wet dream. The jinni warns the brain of the person magnetically and sends currents to the center of lust in the brain. The person who is ill in brain thinks that it is true and says, “I am married to a jinni” everywhere. Truth and imagination become intermingled.

If the jinni that molests a person and shows him/her imagination convinces that person that his/her children belong to it, and that person will claim that the children are from the jinni. However, there is nothing like that in the material world; it is only a vision. The person who says he contacts a jinni cannot realize that it is a vision. That person may ejaculate just like the people who have wet dreams. When he/she tells others about it, he/she is either sent to a psychiatry clinic because he/she is mad or people who think that it is true believes him/her.

Jinn are creatures with mind and consciousness like human beings. However, we do not know how they are; there is no doubt about their existence because the Quran informs us about their existence, and mentions belief and unbelief using an expression that cannot be interpreted differently. It is a reality; it is regarded unbelief to deny their existence.

(19) How do jinn strike people? Do jinn enter human beings and affect their acts?

Jinn and devils can harm people but they cannot harm anyone they want. Devils and jinn harm people who live away from worship and are very immersed in sins.

Jinn and devils enter through the vents that people have opened with their sins and surround them. These vents must be closed so that they cannot enter and people are protected from their evil.

The fact that jinn and devils haunt believers by the observation of the Ahl al Kashf (People who see and know some unknown things) is due to their weakness in some spiritual aspects. Jinn pester believers (Muslims) mostly when they are junub (unclean), in menstruation and puerperium, have no ablution and act heedlessly contrary to good manners. Mental disorders and non-physiological insanity usually occur to people after such gaps. If jinn and the devil have any intervention to it -they certainly do- they must have found a way into the believer through one of his/her sins.

Yes, if you are like a castle and the doors of this castle are open, your enemy will enter through those doors and try to take over your castle. If you do not want to suffer such a situation, you must avoid sins, lead a careful life and never forget that the castle is conquered from within...

Evil jinn and devils use all kinds of sins as tools. Drinking, gambling and fornication are the tools they use frequently. Those who commit these sins can be considered to have fallen into the trap of the devil.

(20) What does “stoning the jinn who eavesdrop” mean?

It is pointed out both in verses and hadiths that jinn and devils, who are unbelieving jinn, ascended to the sky and obtained prior knowledge of certain events and news before our Prophet (pbuh) was born.

These verses are some of them:

They cannot listen to the exalted assembly and they are thrown at from every side, being driven off, and for them is a perpetual chastisement, Except him who snatches off but once, then there follows him a brightly shining flame.” 

And certainly We have adorned this lower heaven with lamps and We have made these missiles for the Shaitans, and We have prepared for them the chastisement of burning. 

And that we sought to reach heaven, but we found it filled with strong guards and flaming stars. And that we used to sit in some of the sitting-places thereof to steal a hearing, but he who would (try to) listen now would find a flame lying in wait for him.” (1)

From the moment our Prophet (pbuh) was born, and especially from the moment the revelation began, the relations of spy jinn and devils with soothsayers were overshadowed. Besides, if one piece of the news they brought was true, they used to deceive the soothsayers by adding a hundred lies to it. The soothsayers who were partially successful in deceiving people because one percent of what they said was true could no longer deceive anyone. The following is stated in the Quran regarding this matter:

And We have guarded it from every outcast devil. But any that gains a hearing by stealth, is pursued by a flaming fire, bright (to see).” 

“Most surely they are far removed from the hearing of it. And for guard against all obstinate rebellious evil spirits.” (2)

That is why those who were their heads or superiors sent other jinn working under their command to investigate and find out why the heavenly gates were closed to them. (3)

Badiuzzaman Said Nursi states the following about the spying of jinn by means of soothsayers:

“After God’s Noble Messenger (Upon whom be blessings and peace) was born, and especially on the night of his birth, there was a great increase in falling stars.4 As shown with decisive proofs in the Fifteenth Word, falling stars are a sign of jinn and devils being barred from receiving news of the Unseen. Thus, since God’s Messenger (Upon whom be blessings and peace) had appeared in the world together with revelation, it was necessary to prevent the knowledge about the Unseen being transmitted by soothsayers, diviners, and jinn, which was inaccurate and mixed with lies, so that their knowledge should not cause any doubts about revelation, and should not resemble it. Before the prophetic mission, soothsaying was widespread. Then with its revelation, the Qur’an brought it to an end. Indeed, many soothsayers accepted Islam, for they could no longer find their informers, who were jinn. That is, the Qur’an had put an end to it. And these days a new type of soothsaying has appeared in the form of mediums among the spiritualists of the West. But we shall not go into that now.” (4)

He states the following in another place:

“The fall of stars, which is a sign of the stoning of devils, occurred many times during the emergence of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in a way that shows an example of the following verse: When the Stars are scattered...’ (al-Infitar, 82/2) According to investigative people, it was a sign of preventing the intervention in heavenly news by soothsayers through jinn so that divine revelation would not be doubtful since it was the time of divine revelation. However, people of esoteric knowledge decreed that it was a sign of joy and happiness by the inhabitants of the skies due to the Prophet Muhammad’s (pbuh) being sent as a messenger to jinn and humans.” (5)

Footnotes:

(1) Surah as-Saffat, 37/8, 9, 10;

(2) Surah al-Hijr, 15/17-18; Surah as-Saffat 7;

(3) Bukhari, Adhan, 105, Tafsir, 72/1;

(4) The Letters, The Nineteenth Letter, Sixteenth Sign, p. 216;

(5) Barla Lahikası, 287.

(21) Can jinn see us?

1. There are clear statements in the Qur'an that jinn see humans and humans cannot see jinn. We do not think that there is an authentic hadith contrary to this. The meaning of the relevant verse is as follows: “Verily, he (satan) sees you, he and his tribe, in such a way as you see them not.” (Surah al-Araf, 7/27).

According to scholars such as Mujahid ibn Jabr and Tabari, what is meant by the "tribe of the devil" in the verse is jinn. (see Tabari, the interpretation of the relevant verse).

However, the point emphasized here is the issue of not seeing jinn in their real form because, by Allah's permission, jinn can disguise and appear as humans or other objects and can be seen that way. In this regard, there are also narrations that our Prophet (pbuh) saw Satan. And other people saw him in this state. (see ibn Ashur, the interpretation of the relevant verse).

2. We could not find the expressions in the question. However, there are narrations that Umar (r.a) wrestled with a jinni three times and defeated him. (see Majma’ az-Zawaid, 9/ 70-71). This shows that humans have the power to defeat jinn.

(22) Can you briefly summarize the differences and similarities between jinn and devils?

Devils are also jinn; they are unbelieving jinn.

Jinn and devils are spiritual beings created from pure fire, that is the flame of smokeless fire. Jinn, like angels, are invisible hidden beings, capable of taking various forms and accomplishing difficult tasks, but they are different from angels in terms of class and nature.

There are marriages among jinn, just like humans. They are also responsible for believing in and worshiping Allah. Some are rebellious unbelievers, and some are obedient believers. However, all the devils are disobedient unbelievers. They are beings who only commit evil and are busy with leading people astray.

There are no believers and obedient ones among devils. Jinn can do neither good nor evil to anyone without Allah's permission and decree. Jinn do not know ghayb; they cannot be aware of the divine revelation that Allah revealed to his prophets.

Jinn were tasked with the administration and providence of the earth before human beings; however, they were dismissed from this duty because they had done so much evil and caused corruption in the earth. Human beings were appointed to replace them and were given the authority of the earth.

Our Prophet (pbuh) was sent as a messenger to jinn like he was sent to humans, and he fulfilled his duty of conveying the message among jinn as well. In the Quran, this issue is clearly stated in the Surah of al-Jinn.

(23) Can you explain the meaning of the word jinni and the nature of jinn?

The most noticeable meaning of the word jinni is “covered” or “hidden”. It indicates that jinn cannot be perceived through sense organs.

Terminologically, it means that they are a type of beings unperceivable to our five senses, having freewill and reasoning, being held responsible for complying with the Divine Orders; there are believers and unbelievers among them. (TDV. İslam Ansiklopedisi, VIII, “Cin” Item, p. 5.) They are also defined as conscious energy.

The word ”jinn” is used as a basis for other words derived from this word.

It is known that in pre-Islamic years, Arabs used to call angels as jinn.

The true nature of jinn

Though the true nature of jinn is not known fully, it is stated, in our sources, that they are made of smokeless, scorching fire (1). There is a hadith regarding the issue: Our prophet states the angels were created out of light, and jinn out of scorching fire. (2)

Attention is drawn to the phrase “the fire of scorching wind” used for jinn in the verse in the chapter al-Hijr.

Jinn means covered or veiled. The phrases such as “a ray from fire, fire burning brightly, scorching fire, cinder and coal” are not enough to describe their true nature. The morphological structure of man is collected from the surface of the earth in the form of a protein soup; similarly, the jinn share the common features of the fire on the grounds that they are created from the essence of fire. We still do not know whether it is a material like flame which is a composition of air-fire or air and fire, or radiation, or a particle or light of sun. It might be a substance that is a mixture of all of those materials. Maybe they are particles of atom, or waves, or an ionic alloy coming from the subatomic realm; ether or anti-material beings."

"What forms the visible material beings are atoms called “quanta”, which are energy particles; and yet they are dissolved at 5000 centigrade degrees and are transformed into separate atoms. However, there are millions of heavenly bodies living at millions of centigrade degrees in the cosmos. That is to say, there exist beings like energy that are resistant to high fire in the universe but they are different in that they have consciousness and free will.”

"Yes, indeed, the jinn may have been created out of ether…”

"Jinn may some beings hidden inside the light waves displaying the things in various dimensions. We do not know what the terms “marij (smokeless)”, “nar (fire)”, nar samum (fire of a scorching wind)” mentioned in the Quran really are. Man who was created out of clay assumes the present shape; then, who knows out of what sort of a fire the jinn were created?”

Footnotes:

(1) ar-Rahman, 55/15; al-Araf, 7/11-12; al-Hijr, 15/27; Sad, 38/75-76.

(2) Muslim, Zuhd, 60.

(24) Could you give detailed information about the nature and characteristics of jinn?

The word jinn lexically means to cover something. Terminologically, it is the name of some invisible spiritual beings. Jinn are intelligent invisible beings that can take various shapes and that were created from air and fire. (Dr. Süleyman Ateş, İslâm’a İtirazlar ve Kur’ân-ı Kerîm’den Cevaplar, 34.) It is narrated that they are seen in the form of various animals, and even often in the form of snakes. (M. Vehbi, Hülâsatü’l-Beyân, 15,  6175.)

According to what Raghib al-Isfahani explains in his book, Mufradat, the word jinn is used in the following two meanings:

1) Jinn is the name given to all spiritual beings that cannot be perceived by five senses; in that case, it includes angels and devils, too. In this sense, every angel is a jinni but not every jinni is an angel.

2) Jinn are some of the spiritual beings, not all of them.

Spiritual beings are divided into three:

a) Spiritual beings all of which are good. They are the angels we have mentioned above.

b) Spiritual beings all of which are evil. They are devils that lead people to evil.

c) Spiritual beings some of which are good and some are evil. They are meant when the word jinn is used. (Raghib al-Isfahani, al-Mufradat, “JINN” item)

Jinn are responsible for belief and worshipping like men. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) was sent as a prophet to both human beings and jinn. In the Quran, there are verses that start as follows: “O ye assembly of Jinn and men!” (ar-Rahman, 33)

The word THAQALAN mentioned in the verse: “Soon shall We settle your affairs, O both ye worlds” (ar-Rahman,31) means two thaqals. One of those thaqals is jinn and the other is men. Thaqal means weight. It is said that they are given that name because jinn and men apply weight on the earth or because they are loaded with sins. (Dr. Süleyman Ateş, ibid., 36)

There are believers and unbelievers, good ones and bad ones among jinn like among human beings. They will sow what they reap too; the good jinn will go to Paradise and the bad ones will go to Hell.

There is a separate chapter about jinn in the Quran. The following is narrated in that chapter: There are believers and unbelievers, good ones and bad ones among jinn; none of them has power against Allah and all of them are weak and responsible; believers who believe in Allah should not be afraid of them; Jinn will not be able to do what they did during the period of ignorance and interregnum because after the advent of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), they cannot approach the upper layers of the sky in order to steal information from the sky and tell fortunetellers about them as they used to do because sparks of fires were sent over them; there may be some who want to continue to commit evil deeds but they cannot harm Allah and believers; on the contrary, they will be destroyed and be fuel for Hell; Muslim jinn will try to do good deeds not bad deeds; no one but Allah should be worshipped and prayed to in mosques and other places.

According to what is stated in the Quran, a group of jinn came and listened to the Quran and became Muslims; they went back to their nations and invited them to Islam. (al-Jinn, 72/1)

A narration from Ibn Abbas gives us the following information about the issue:

“The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and a few people from his Companions were on the way to the fair in Ukaz; while the Prophet was leading the morning prayer in a place called Nahla, a group from jinn came and listened to him. At that time, devils and jinn were unable to receive information from the sky; sparks of fire were sent over them. They talked about it and said, ‘Probably a new incident took place and a barrier was put between us and the news from the sky. Go to the east and west of the earth and find out what it is’ They searched the east and west of the world to search about it.

When the group that went to the direction of Tihama heard the Quran that the Prophet recited in the morning prayer, they listened to it carefully and said, “this is what prevents you from receiving news from the sky”; after that, they went to their nation and said, ‘O people of our nation! We listened to the Quran, which was exemplary and strange and we believed in it. From now on, we will never attribute partners to our Lord.’

Thereupon, God Almighty sent the chapter of al-Jinn and reported what Jinn had said to the Messenger of Allah.” (Muhammed Hamdi Yazır, Hak Dini Kur’an Dili, VII, 5381 ff)

In addition, the Messenger of Allah recited the Quran specially to the jinn several times. The most famous incident is the one reported by Ibn Mas’ud.

According to a narration, a group of jinn went to the Messenger of Allah in order to recite the Quran and convey it to their own people; they learned the Quran and they were appointed by the prophet to teach it to their own nation.

Is it possible to marry with jinn?

- No marriage takes place between men and jinn because one of the necessities of marriage is being together. However, it is not possible for men and jinn to be together. There are no common points between them in terms of eating, drinking and housing; so, they cannot be in harmony. Then, since there cannot be harmony and living together, there is no use in their marriage. Therefore, there is no marriage contract between them. If their marriage were deemed legitimate, the women who became pregnant due to fornication would claim that male jinni made them pregnant, causing the spread of mischief in the world. In order to eliminate that mischief, it is necessary that marriage with jinn be illegitimate.

Do jinn have congregation in prayer?

One of the decrees about jinn is that when a person performs prayers with jinn, praying in congregation takes place. If someone performed a prayer by reciting adhan and iqamah while he was alone and swore that he performed the prayer in congregation, his swearing would not be a lie. It is possible that some jinn that were present in that place accompanied him in his prayer since he performed the prayer by reciting adhan and iqamah. (M. Vehbi, 15, 6176)

Can Jinn be seen through eyes?

Jinn are subtle beings like light. They cannot be held by hand but they can be seen. Although it is reported that Imam Shafii said jinn could not be seen based on the twenty-first verse of the chapter al-Araf and added, “the witnessing of a person who says, ‘I have seen jinn’ is not accepted”, Damiri, the writer of ‘Hayat-ul Hayawan’, states the following: “That sentence means jinn cannot be seen with their true nature.” Many companions and other people saw jinn that changed their appearance. (See Qadi Iyad, ash-Shifa, 1/279-280)

Mentioning the same point, Imam Ghazali said that only prophets could see angels and jinn with their true nature and that other people, especially saints, could see them in different forms.  (Imam Ghazali, Ihyau Ulum ad-Din, 111/53, Egypt, 1387)

(25) Are jinn and aliens the same? Where do jinn live? Are there other creatures in space?

Though the true nature of jinn is not known fully, it is stated, in our sources, that they are made of smokeless, scorching fire (1). There is a hadith regarding the issue: Our prophet states the angels were created out of light, and jinn out of scorching fire. (2)

Attention is drawn to the phrase “the fire of scorching wind” used for jinn in the verse in the chapter al-Hijr.

It is understood that the places where jinn live are generally dirty places such as garbage dumps. Indeed, Our Prophet (pbuh) stated that the garbage left in the houses would be the meeting places of jinn. (3) Some scholars expressed their opinions that our Prophet (pbuh) drew attention to cleanliness in Islam and that, like invisible jinn, invisible microbes can reproduce quickly and cause various diseases because they also said that microbes were meant by the concept of jinn in some hadiths. It is also seen that there was a belief that jinn lived in holes during the period of the Companions and Tabiun. A hadith about this is as follows:

Abdullah ibn Sarjis (r.a) narrates: “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) prohibited us from urinating in holes (of insects on the earth).” When Qatada, a tafsir scholar, was asked, “Why was it rendered makruh to urinate in such holes?” he answered as follows: "It was stated that these holes were the habitations of jinn." (4)

There are creatures outside the world, too. However, those creatures are luminous creatures. In Islamic terminology, they are called angels and spiritual beings.

The world and earth are mentioned as “ard” in the Quran and it is stated that and all prophets beginning with Adam were sent to the earth. It is stated in the hadith of Mi’raj (ascension) that there are ranks belonging to the prophets such as Ibrahim (Abraham), Idris (Enoch) and Isa (Jesus Christ) on some layers of the heaven. In the verses of Surah al-Isra 44 and at-Talaq 12, it is also mentioned that the earth as well as the sky have seven layers. However, it is not clearly stated that whether those layers consist of seven layers of the earth, seven continents or seven climates. 

However, even if there are planets that are suitable for living other than the world in which we live there are no verses or hadiths about the existence of creatures like human beings who are obliged and responsible.

It is known that there are eight or eleven planets according to the latest information acquired other than the world but there is not any religious or scientific document regarding the existence of such a living species.

On the other hand, there is a fact that should not be ignored; our world, which is an old planet, consists of living creatures that have spirit, intelligence and mind; similarly, there are spiritual creatures living in other planets, stars and heavenly bodies based on the living conditions, structures and locations of those places. Badiuzzaman Said Nursi explains the issue as follows:

“The globe of the earth is the home of these infinite numbers of beings endowed with consciousness and spirit, despite its insignificance and density among the lofty heavenly bodies and planets, and even its grossest and most rotten particulars becoming masses of micro-organisms when they cease as sources of life, necessarily, demonstrably, decisively indicates, testifies to and proclaims

that infinite space and the majestic heavens with their constellations and stars are full of animate beings, conscious beings, and beings with spirits.

The Illustrious Shari‘a of Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) and the Qur’an of Miraculous Exposition call these beings, who are created from fire, light, and even from electricity, and from other subtle flowing matter, “The angels, the jinn, and spirit beings.” (5)

Footnotes:

(1) ar-Rahman, 55/15; al-A’raf, 7/11-12; al-Hijr, 15/27; Sad, 38/75-76.
(2) Muslim, Zuhd, 60.
(3) Abdurrazzaq, Musannaf, XI, 32.
(4)
Abu Dawud, Taharah, 16, (29)
(5) Sözler, Yirmi Dokuzuncu Söz, Birinci Maksat, Birinci Esas.

(26) Jinn steal my money; what would you recommend?

If jinn-type people do not steal, we have no choice but to put the blame on jinn because angels do not do such a thing. In fact, jinn do not need money that much.

After considering it, first of all, it is reasonable to pay attention to internal and external "jinn type" people.

If you still think jinn are responsible for it, you should say Audhu… Bismillah… and read Ayat al-Kursiyy seven times where you keep the money. Inshallah they will not come again.

(27) Do jinn know ghayb?

In the Quranic verse, which mentions the death of the Prophet Sulayman, the following is stated:

“Then, when We executed Our decree for his death, nothing showed them (the jinn who had been laboring at the tasks he assigned to them) that he was dead, except that a termite had been gnawing away his staff (until it broke). Then when he fell to the ground, it became clear to the jinn that if they had known the Unseen, they would not have continued in the tormenting toil that humiliated them.” (Surah Saba, 34/14)

As it is clearly understood from the verse above that the Prophet Sulayman died while he was leaning on his staff, that the death of the Prophet Sulayman was understood when he fell down since the woodworm gnawed and decayed his staff, but that the jinn continued to work thinking that he was still alive as long as he stood leaning on the staff though he was dead. It is also stated in the verse that jinn did not know ghayb and that if they had known ghayb, they would have noticed that the Prophet Sulayman was dead and would not have continued the tiring work that humiliated them. Thus, it means jinn do not know ghayb. Let alone knowing ghayb, they do not even understand what goes on in front of them as it is shown in the example above.

Tafsir scholar Razi states the following:

“The Prophet Sulayman sometimes worshipped night and day, one full day standing. He sometimes worshipped even more. He had a staff; he would stand in the presence of his Lord by leaning on it. While he was worshipping like that, he died. His soldiers thought he was worshipping. He remained in this position for days and months. Then, Allah wanted it to be understood and a woodworm decayed and Sulayman fell down. Jinn, who did not notice that the Prophet Sulayman had died and who thought they knew ghayb, realized that they did not know ghayb. If they had known ghayb, they would not have continued doing tiring works though the Prophet Sulayman was dead.”

“However, jinn know some things that humans do not, but it does not mean knowing ghayb. Their knowledge is more than that of humans. However, their knowledge is still limited. Jinn know only the outside of the objects. Their knowledge is more secret and deeper than that of humans but they do not know ghayb. Only Allah knows ghayb." (Razi, Mafatihul-Ghayb, XXV/250)

Jinn live longer than we do. Moreover, if their speed is considered when they go somewhere and reach a source, it is understood better that their knowledge and capacity are different from ours.

(28) Is there such a thing as "red attack" in the post-partum period? They say jinn attack the women in puerperium and kills them. Is there such a thing? If yes, what we should do to prevent it?

In fact, what they describe as 'red attack' is nothing more than a “hallucination” seen by the women in puerperium due to high fever.

The reason why the mother and baby are not left alone is the possibility that they may need someone to help if they suddenly get sick. Otherwise, there is no religious obligation.

Women who gave birth should pay more attention to cleanliness, especially during the puerperium. It is good that a postpartum woman has someone with her as she may not be able to do some things on her own.

(29) Is it possible to contact jinn? Is it haram to contact jinn? Do jinn harm humans?

In the Quran, there are some signs about jinn and devils that they can be taken under control and be used as servants. The best example for it is the Prophet Sulayman (Solomon) (pbuh) about whom a story is told in the Quran. Islamic scholars had various explanations about the issue. The following is stated about the issue in Risale-i Nur Collection, in the Twentieth Word in summary:

“The verses stating that Solomon (pbuh) took the control of wicked spirits prevented their wickedness and made them do good deeds: “And (We subjected to him) every builder and diver of the jinn and others bound together in chains…” (Sad, 38/38) “And (We subjected) some jinn that dived for him, and performed other duties. It is We Who kept them in check.” (al-Anbiya, 21/82) It means jinn, the most conscious residents of the Earth after human beings, can be servants for human beings. We can contact them. Devils can be obliged to give up enmity and serve. God Almighty made them serve His slave (Solomon), who obeyed God’s commands.”

In addition, the following information is also important:

Contacting jinn has some ways and methods; it requires a guide and being an expert. If methods, principles and guides are not used, there will be risks of making mistakes and getting into trouble. If those people are unaware about the spiritual world and do not know where to stand, they may be attacked by wicked spirits; they can get under their control and turn out to be toys in their hands. Jinn sometimes lead those people into pride and arrogance and sometimes try to scare and threaten them, making them talk on their behalf and serve them. As a matter of fact, in the 20th century, Ghulam Ahmad Qadiyani became a victim of those wicked jinn. He wanted to struggle for Islam in the way of Fakirism against Yogism but was attacked by wicked spirits and became one of their toys. Wicked spirits, at first, made him accept that he is a mujaddid and then Mahdi and later made him believe that he was Jesus-Messiah. In the end, he said, God forbid, “Allah entered my body and appeared in me.” Wicked spirits can easily contact wicked people and can cause them to go crazy.

Therefore, we can understand that such events can happen and jinn can be contacted by experts and they can be made do something, but it is extremely dangerous to regard it as fun and become busy with it without having enough knowledge.

Can jinn strike humans?

Being struck by jinn is a very common belief in society. Almost everyone has more than one memory to tell a story about it and it holds true for almost all societies.

Shibli states that Sunni Islamic scholars including Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari believe that jinn can harm a human by entering his body, and that they explain this in their articles showing the verse in the surah (chapter) of al-Baqara informing us about the situation of the people who take interest, as evidence for it:

“Those who devour usury will not stand except as stand one whom the Satan by his touch Hath driven to madness.” (1)

When Ahmad Ibn Hanbal’s son Abdullah asked him, “Some people say that jinn cannot enter human body. What do you think about it?”, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal replied as follows: “They lie.” (2)

“Jinn can affect believers and mislead them in different ways mostly when they are in a state of junub (ritually impure due to sexual intercourse or semen discharge), in menstruation and puerperium. Every sin that is committed is like a door and window opened for devils and dirty jinn. Sensitive people, spiritually ill people, free and easy ones living far from prayer and the atmosphere of the praying people, in particular, are affected by jinn easily. Violation of the jinn’s life borders or rights and occupying their homes or places without saying Bismillahi (In the name of Allah) are definitely other important reasons for being harmed by them too. Therefore, our prophet, Hz. Muhammad (pbuh), teaches us to pray when we enter dirty places and prohibits us from performing salah (prayers) in places like garbage dumps, baths, toilets, pastures and graveyards, where they usually inhabit. He teaches us to pray as follows while entering the toilet: “Allahumma inni audhu bika minal-khubthi wal-khabaith (My Allah I take refuge in you from all the filths and the evils.” He wants us to say prayers in all phases of our lives, to be in clean places that can be a fortress and shield to be protected from this kind of evils, to be with clean people, to form an atmosphere of prayers and to protect ourselves with worship.”

Therefore, the one who wants to protect himself from all the evils of jinn must stay away from the sins first, closing the holes through which they can come.”

Jinn are obliged to believe like humans. Whether they have the ability to pass to our world or not, all jinn are responsible just like humans. Prophets were also sent to them. When the Quran is recited, the devils, who are the unbelieving jinn, cannot approach people and cannot harm them. However, Muslim jinn can enter places where the Quran is recited.

An incident from the time of our prophet sheds light on this issue.

“One night Hz. Aisha (r.a.) was woken up by jinn and brought to the presence of a high court. When she asked the reason, they said: ‘You killed a Muslim jinni; you will be judged.’ When she asked, ‘Where did I kill a jinni?’, they answered as follows:

When you were reading the Quran, one of our Muslim brothers came to listen to you by entering inside a snake. When you saw that snake in your home, you killed it. Therefore, our brother in it was killed too. You will be judged.” (3) There was a deal at the end of the trial and the issue was settled.

Man, who was sent as the caliph over jinn and all beings, is superior to jinn in terms of intelligence, mind, memory, reasoning and worship, as well as his nature and creation. Some jinn who do not take lessons from heavenly religions, do not accept the superiority of humans because of the lesson they learned from Satan; they envy humans.

Regarding this, Allah Almighty states the following in the Quran,

“Indeed, We created humans in the best form.” (at-Tin, 95/4)

Thus, He states that man is superior not only to jinn but also to all beings.

Jinn do not accept the superiority of humans; they put men in difficult situations and do their best to make humans need them. Those who do not know the nature and structure of jinn expect help from jinn. Spiritualists benefit from such gullible people and their ignorance.

People who do not know the nature and characteristics of jinn sometimes overestimate them. In other words, they think or deem that jinn are omniscient, omnipotent, and superior to humans. It is a real delusion.

Footnotes:

(1) Shibli, Cinlerin Esrarı, p. 258.
(2) Shibli, ibid, p. 256-257
(3)
Qurtubi, al-Jamiu Li ahkamil-Qur'an, 16/214,215.

(30) Can you tell us about the supplication  "Rabbi anni massaniyash-shaytanu binusbin wa adhab" being read three hundred times to be protected from jinn?

These supplications are verses of the Qur'an:

a. Prophet Ayyub’s (Job's) (pbuh) prayer:

"Rabbi anni massaniyash-shaytanu binusbin wa adhab."(Surah Sad, 38/41). The translation: "The Shaitan has afflicted me with toil and torment."

b. Prayer of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh):

"Rabbi audhu bika min hamazatish-shayatini wa audhu bika rabbi an yahdurun." (Surah al-Mu’minun, 23/97-98). The translation: "My Lord, I seek refuge in You from the strokes of the satans and I seek refuge in You, my Lord, even from their coming near me."

c. Protection of the sky by Allah (swt):

"Wa hifzan min kulli shaytanin marid." (Surah as-Saffat, 37/7). The translation: "And (We have placed therein) an effective safeguard against every insolently disobedient Satan.”

In these verses, devils are mentioned. Devils and jinn are from the same lineage. Therefore, it is considered appropriate to read these verses in order to be protected from the evil of the jinn.

The number related to reading them three hundred times, on the other hand, may have been preferred in terms of the compatibility of the first letter of the word "shaytan", "sh", whose abjad value is 300, with this mathematical value.

(31) What is the view of Christians on Jinn?

People believe in jinn in Christianity, too. It is even believed that jinn enter the bodies humans and that they have different effects on them. Therefore, importance is attached to jinn to save humans from their effects; even ceremonies of removing jinn from the body (exorcism) are performed in churches. This issue takes up a lot of place in the Bibles and in the Letters of Saint Paul. It is obvious that the Prophet Isa’ curing the mentally ill and people struck by jinn through divine miracle has a great role in it. In is stated in Jacob’s letter that jinn accept God’s existence and oneness.

“Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble. But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?” (1)

These statements show that Christians in those ages believed that jinn were responsible for the commands and prohibitions of Allah. Moreover, according to Christians, Jesus cast out jinn from lunatics, insane people, and epileptics and cured them as a sign of his prophecy. (2)

Christianity forbids worshipping jinn. Saint Paul says,

“But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with jinn.” (3)

It is understood from the holy scriptures of Christians that they have negative views on jinn. According to them, jinn are impure; they invite people to perversity, unbelief, and aberration; and they deserve Hell. Unlike the Islamic view, they consider jinn as a single group: unbelieving jinn. In fact, it is mentioned that there were jinn who believed in Jesus and who supported belief.

Footnotes:

(1) Jacob’s Letter, 2:19, 20
(2) Matthew, 4:24; 9:32-34; 17:14-20
(3) 1 Corinthians, 10:20

(32) Can jinn be seen? is there such a thing as being struck by a jinni?

In the Quran, there are some signs about jinn and devils that they can be taken under control and be used as servants.

In the Quran, there are some signs about jinn and devils that they can be taken under control and be used as servants. The best example for it is the Prophet Sulayman (Solomon) (pbuh) about whom a story is told in the Quran. Islamic scholars had various explanations about the issue. The following is stated about the issue in Risale-i Nur Collection, in the Twentieth Word in summary:

“The verses stating that Solomon (pbuh) took control of wicked spirits, prevented their wickedness and made them do good deeds:

“And (We subjected to him) every builder and diver of the jinn and others bound together in chains...” (Surah Sad, 38/38)

“And (We subjected) some jinn that dived for him, and performed other duties. It is We Who kept them in check.” (Surah al-Anbiya, 21/82)

It means jinn, the most conscious residents of the Earth after human beings, can be servants for human beings. We can contact them. Devils can be obliged to give up enmity and serve. God Almighty made them serve His slave (Solomon), who obeyed God’s commands.

(33) Did our Prophet see jinn?

In some hadiths and in the Quran, it is mentioned that the Prophet saw the jinn and recited the Quran to them and had a dialogue with them. (1)

Abu Hurayra narrates: The  Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

“I saw a demon from jinn on the night of Miraj (ascension). He was following me with a torch of fire in his hand. I saw him at my every glance. Gabriel (Jibril) said to me:

‘I can teach you a prayer if you like; when you read it, his torch will fade away and he will fall down onto his mouth.’  The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said ‘All right!’. Gabriel (pbuh) said, "Recite this!":

‘I take refuge in Allah from wickedness descending from the sky and ascending to sky, the wickedness created on the earth and the wickedness coming out of the earth, from disorders of the day and night from troubles that arise during the day and night for the sake of Allah and his perfect words. O Merciful! Except the things that bring goodness.'” (2)

The Arabic form of the prayer is as follows:

أعُوذُ بِوَجْهِ اللّهِ الكَرِيمِ، وَبِكَلِمَاتِ اللّهِ التَّامَّاتِ التِى َ يُجَاوِزُهُنَّ بَرٌّ وََ فَاجِرٌ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا يَنْزِلُ مِنْ السَّمَاءِ، وَشَرِّ مَا يَعُرجُ فِيهَا، وَمِنْ شَرِّ مَا ذَرَأ في ا‘رْضِ، وَمِنْ شَرِّ مَا يَخْرُجُ مِنْهَا، وَمِنْ فِتَنِ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ، وَمِنْ طَوارِقِ اللّيْلِ والنَّهارِ إَّ طَارِقاً يَطْرُقُ بِخَيْرٍ يَا رَحْمنُ

In the Holy Quran, it is stated that a group of jinn came to the Prophet, listened to the Quran, believed in him, went back to their community and advised them to believe in God. (3)

Footnotes:

(1) Bukhari, Salah 75, Amal fis-Salah 10, Bad'ul Khalq 11, Anbiya 40, Tafsir, Sad; Muslim, Masajid 39, (541)
(2) Imam Malik, Muwatta, Shi’r 10, (2, 950, 951)
(3) al-Ahqaf 46/29-32; al-Jinn, 72/1-2.

(34) Can jinn know ghayb and find lost objects?

Jinn are different from humans both with their lifespan and their overwhelming speed in movement. Therefore, they know many things that man cannot know. So, it is possible for them to find things that are missing. However, they are already existent things that we cannot see or whose places we have forgotten or we do not know. Essentially, they are not related to “ghayb”, which can be known only by Allah. For, it is stated in the Holy Quran that some subjects that are related to ghayb cannot be known by anyone but Allah. For example,

“With Him are the keys to the Unseen; none knows them but He. And He knows whatever is on land and in the sea; and not a leaf falls but He knows it; and neither is there a grain in the dark layers of earth, nor anything green or dry, but is (recorded) in a Manifest Book.” (Surah al-Anam, 6:59)

Both with the above-mentioned verse and with the following verse, it is stated that in the verse above that nobody can know the issues related to the future of humans and the universe, Doomsday, death, destiny, time of death, sustenance and whether the child to be born will be good or bad, his characteristics and whether he will go to Paradise or Hell.

“With God alone rests the knowledge of the Last Hour (when it will come). He sends down rain (just at the time and place He alone knows), and He alone knows what is in the wombs. No soul knows what it will reap tomorrow, and no soul knows in what place it will die. Surely God is All-Knowing, All-Aware.” (Surah Luqman, 31:34)

When it is stated in the Quran that Allah knows invisible and unknown things, Allah also states that He will inform some of the messengers whom He wishes about ghayb:

“(He alone is) the Knower of the Unseen (what lies beyond human perception), and He does not disclose His Unseen to anyone. Except to a Messenger whom He has chosen (and is well-pleased with – He informs him of the Unseen as much as He wills –); and He dispatches a watchful guard before him (between him and his audience) and a watchful guard behind him (between him and the origin of the Revelation)…” (1)

Even though the issue is mentioned in the surah al-Jinn, it is not stated that jinn can know ghayb or that they will be informed about it. Besides, there are verses stating that jinn cannot know ghayb:

“Then, when We executed Our decree for his death, nothing showed them (the jinn who had been laboring at the tasks he assigned to them) that he was dead, except that a termite had been gnawing away his staff (until it broke). Then when he fell to the ground, it became clear to the jinn that if they had known the Unseen, they would not have continued in the tormenting toil that humiliated them.” (Surah Saba, 34/14)

Therefore, we can briefly say that jinn cannot know ghayb. However, things that are not regarded as ghayb such as something we have, things that we do not know but that belong to this visible world can be known by them and they can find lost property. Their speed, dimensions, and long lifespans have great effects on it.

Footnotes:

(1) al-Jinn, 72/26-28; Aal-i Imran, 3/44, 179; al-A’raf, 7/62; Hud, 11/29; Yusuf, 12/15, 37, 86, 96, 101; al-Qasas, 28/86.

(35) Do jinn understand all languages?

The adventures of people of all nationalities with jinn are mentioned though those people peak different languages. It does not seem logical to say that all of these adventures that are mentioned are fabricated. It is understood from these adventures that the jinn know every language.

However, we should also state that we are not in a position to say anything definite about this subject, which cannot be examined closely.

(36) Were jinn created before human beings?

Allah states the following about the creation of these two species in a verse regarding the issue:

“We created man from sounding clay, from mud molded into shape; And the Jinn race, We had created before, from the fire of a scorching wind.” (al-Hijr, 15/26-27)

As it is understood from the verse, Jaann (jinn, the ancestor of jinn) were created before human beings. If it is considered that the creation of human beings is the last ring of the creation of the universe, jinn were created as the second to last ring.

Man, who was sent as the caliph over jinn and all beings, is superior to jinn in terms of intelligence, mind, memory, reasoning and worship, as well as his nature and creation. Some jinn who do not take lessons from heavenly religions, do not accept the superiority of humans because of the lesson they learned from Satan; they envy humans.

Allah states the following in the Quran regarding the issue:

“We have indeed created man in the best of molds.” (at-Tin, 95/4)

Thus, He states that man is superior to not only jinn but also all beings. 

Jinn do not accept the superiority of humans; they put men in difficult situations and do their best to make humans need them. Those who do not know the nature and structure of jinn expect help from jinn. Spiritualists benefit from such gullible people and their ignorance.

People who do not know the nature and characteristics of jinn sometimes overestimate them. In other words, they think or deem that jinn are omniscient, omnipotent, and superior to humans. It is a real delusion.

(37) Is there such a thing as being struck by a jinni? Or is it called so because the causes of some physical and mental disorders were not known in the past? How do jinn strike man?

Jinn and satans can harm men. However, they cannot harm anyone they like. Satans and jinn harm people who are away from worshipping and who commit a lot of sins.

Jinn and satans penetrate into people through the gaps opened by sins and surround them. It is necessary to close those gaps in order to prevent them from penetrating and be protected from their evil.

According to the observation of saintly people, the reason why jinn and satans pester believers is that they are open and weak in terms of some spiritual aspects. It is because of the situations like being junub, menstruation, puerperium, being without wudu, presenting inattentive and ignorant behavior in bad manners; psychological disorders and non-physiological frenzies generally catch people during the gaps that we have just mentioned. If jinn and satans have anything to do with those situations – generally they have – definitely, they must have found a way of penetrating into the believer through a sin he has committed.

Yes, if you are like a castle and if the gates of that castle are open, your eternal enemy will enter you through those gates and they will try to capture the castle of your body. If you do not want to be exposed to such situations, you must avoid sins, lead a careful life; you must never forget that a castle can be conquered from inside...

Evil jinn and satans use all kinds of sins as means. Alcohol, gambling and prostitution are the means that they often use. The people who commit those sins are regarded to have fallen into the trap.

(38) In the Era of Ignorance, people took refuge in the chief of jinn. (See Surah al-Jinn, verse 6) What is the prayer that our Prophet (pbuh) taught his Companions to be protected from jinn?

As stated in the question, when people in the age of ignorance stopped by a valley on their journey, they sought refuge with the jinn, whom they considered to be the chiefs of that place.

This fact is indicated in the following verse: “And some men used to seek refuge with some jinn—so they increased each other in wickedness.” (Surah al-Jinn, 72/6)

In the Islamic era, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) ordered all people to take refuge in Allah, not jinn. In the sources, the phrase "taking refuge in Allah" is given instead of a certain supplication. (see Tabari, Ibn Kathir, the interpretation of the verse in question).

According to a weak hadith, Ibn Abbas states the following: The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said,

"If one of you is afraid of loneliness or visits a place where jinn (he thinks) are present, he should recite the following prayer:

“AUDHU BI KALIMATILLAHIT-TAMMATIL-LATI LA YUJAWIZUHA BIRRUN WA LA FAJIRUN, MIN SHARRI MA YALIJU FIL-ARDI WAMA YAKHRUJU MINHA WAMA YANZILU MIN AS-SAMAI, WA MA YA’RUJU FIHA, WA MIN FITANIN-NAHARI WA MIN TAWARIQIL-LAYLI ILLA TARIQAN YATRUKU BIKHAYR.”(see Alusi, explanation of the relevant verse).

Its translation: “I seek refuge with the complete words of Allah which neither the good person nor the corrupt can exceed, from the evil of what enters the earth and comes out of it, what descends from the sky and what ascends in it, and from the trials (mischief) of the day, and from the visitations of the night, except for one that knocks with good.

(39) Is Iblis the ancestor of jinn?

The Prophet Adam (as) is the father of all humans. However, there is disagreement as to whether Iblis is the father of jinn.

According to some scholars, Iblis is the first father of jinn. According to others, there were jinn before humans; they perished and only Iblis remained after them; and he became the father of devils and jinn. Accordingly, in the society of jinn and devils, Iblis is like a second father, unlike Adam (pbuh). Alusi points out that this view is sounder. (Alusi, al-Kahf, the interpretation of 18/50)

There is also disagreement about how the children of Iblis were born. According to some, the Iblis was a hermaphrodite. This is how his first child was born. Later, their children were born by mutual marriage.

According to some other scholars, Iblis first laid five eggs, from which five children were born. According to some other scholars such as Qatada, Dahhak, Amash and Shabi, Iblis was married like humans and his children were from this marriage. However, the name of his wife is unknown. (see ibid)

After expressing these different views, we can summarize it as follows:

“There are thousands of things we do not know. That we do not know how the children of the devils came to the world can also be an item in the list of the unknown things.” (see ibid)

(40) Did a prophet come from to the jinn who lived in the periods before the sons of Adam were created on earth?

Although there is no clear verse or hadith on this subject, according to the general principles of Islam, sending a prophet to the jinn before Adam (pbuh) is seen as a necessity for the jinn to be tested together with humans.

For example,

“I created the jinn and humankind only that they might worship Me.” (Surah adh-Dhariyat, 51/56)

The verse above shows that jinn are also tested like humans.

“…But My Word will come to pass: I will surely fill up Hell with jinn and humans all together.” (Surah as-Sajdah 32/13)

The verse above shows that jinn will be punished, too.

 “O company of jinn and humankind, did Messengers not come up to you from among you, (who) narrated to you My signs and warned you of the meeting of this your Day?” (Surah al-Anam, 6/130)

It is stated in the verse above that jinn also will be asked about the prophets that were sent to them.

After Adam (as), human messengers were sent to jinn too. This is the opinion of the vast majority of scholars. Accordingly, before Adam (as), there must have been messengers from jinn because, as it is clearly stated in the verse below, there is no responsibility if messengers are not sent.

"We never punish unless We have sent a Messenger.” (Surah al-Isra 17/15)

(41) What is the benefit of jinn? Why did Allah create jinn?

“And I created the jinn and men, only for them to worship Me.” (Surah Adh-Dhariyat, 51/56)

56. As for the essence of the duty to be reminded: I created the jinn and men, only for them to worship Me. That is the duty to be reminded: The wisdom behind the creation of jinn and human beings is to know Allah and worship Him. Apart from this, the lives and deeds spent on other things will be wasted; therefore, man deserves penalty. Some scholars interpret the phrase "to worship Me..." as "to know Me". And that means "to recognize me as God.” It means “they should serve and worship Me by obeying my orders.”

Worshipping and serving are among the deeds that are done willingly; therefore, that some individuals do not perform them is not contrary to their being the best aim for humans and jinn. It does not mean that Allah’s wish is not fulfilled either because as fiqh scholars put it, "Wisdom is considered in terms of species, not individuals." In short, it means “we created them to be responsible for worship.” Otherwise, it does not mean “we predestined all of them as righteous servants.”

(see Emalılı M. Hamdi YAZIR, Kur'an- Kerim Tefsiri.)

(42) How do devils cause delusions in Muslim jinn? Do Muslim jinn not see devils?

The following verse can be given as an example regarding the issue: “And so We have made for every prophet enemies—devilish humans and jinn—whispering to one another with elegant words of deception. Had it been your Lord’s Will, they would not have done such a thing. So leave them and their deceit!” (Surah al-Anam, 6/112)

The phrase "devilish humans and jinn" mentioned in the sentence, "We have made for every prophet enemies—devilish humans and jinn—whispering to one another with elegant words of deception” has been interpreted in two ways:

According to one interpretation, the meaning of this phrase is devils from both humans and jinn.

According to a narration, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) asked Abu Dharr (ra): “Have you sought refuge in Allah from the devilish humans and jinn?”  Abu Dharr answered him with a question: “O Messenger of Allah! Are there devilish humans?” Thereupon, our Prophet (pbuh) “Yes, they are worse than devilish jinn.”  (Qurtubi, Tafsir of Surah Nas; see Musnad, 5/178)

This hadith narration supports this interpretation.

According to another interpretation, what is meant by the expression "devilish humans and jinn" is devilish jinn who cause delusions in both humans and jinn. (see Razi, interpretation of the relevant verse)

According to this second interpretation, in particular, devils from unbelieving jinn cause delusions in believing jinn too. We could not find any information on how this happens. However, we can understand from the expression "whispering to one another with elegant words of deception" that this is not only in a secret whisper, but that also it means, "the unbelieving jinn will come near the believing one and try to deceive him with elegant words." Just as devilish humans come near some people and deceive them by saying elegant words of deception so too do devilish jinn come near some believing jinn and deceive them with elegant words of deception, too.

The expression “to one another” indicates that e devils also suggest evil to one another. According to some, “devilish jinn come near devilish humans and teach them the strategy they should use to deceive people." (see ibn Ashur, the interpretation of the relevant verse)

(43) Can you give information about the death of jinn?

We hear that there is an incident called “the burning of jinn, making jinn burn”. When some people visit some spirituals, exorcists, etc., they hear some statements like the following: “I made ……..(so many) jinn burn. So many jinn were burnt."

How can jinn who were created out of smokeless fire burn? Is this burning normal burning that we know; or is a physical and chemical operation in question?

What is obtained through experience and research is as follows:

Jinn are living, conscious and intelligent beings like humans. However, man is superior in intellect and reasoning. Jinn also have advantages over us, such as speed and displaying images, going back and forth in time. Jinn have spirits just like us. They remain alive thanks to their spirits. The difference between them and us is that our spirit is related to a mass of molecules, a material body and their spirit is related to an energy, a current.

When man dies, the spirit leaves the body and is sent to the realm of barzakh. The body that consists of flesh and bones is put into the ground. After a while, the body decays, turning to soil. It goes from one state into another by changing its form and nature. However, the number of atoms in the universe does not change; and the balance of constant mass is not disturbed. When a jinni dies, its spirit goes to the realm of barzakh but its spiritless body, that is, its energy, remains in the world as energy in some other nature. 

When the people who naturally have magnetic current and energy in their bodies and whom we call "medium" encounter jinn, they can neutralize jinn based on the amount of the current and energy in their body. The neutralization of a jinni means its death. 

Jinn die either normally or through outside intervention by being neutralized. It is necessary to determine well whether this death originates from the prayers that are said or due to a law of physics.

Yes, the magnetic power in man sometimes kills and sometimes injures jinn. It depends on the state of the positive or negative current of that person at that time and the form and state of a jinni when it passes into the material realm from its own realm.

(44) According to the verse “Untouched beforehand by jinn..”, is sexual intercourse possible with jinn?

- The issue of marriage or sexual intercourse with jinn has been evaluated very differently among scholars. These different opinions are also included on our website – in the answers given to the questions that were asked at different times.

- Those who say that they are married to jinn state that it is like a dream and wet dream.

“Whom neither a man might have touched before them, nor a jinni.” (Surah ar-Rahman, 55/56,74)

Scholars who explained the verse above interpreted this issue differently.

a) According to the statements of some, this obvious expression of the verse is proof that there can be sexual relations between humans and jinn. (see Tabari, Samarkandi, the interpretation of ar-Rahman, 55/56)

Mawardi also accepted this verse as evidence that there can be sexual relations between jinn and humans. (Mawardi, the interpretation of the verse in question)

b) According to some other scholars, the subject expressed in the verse is as follows: “Jinn will go to heaven just like humans (which is the opinion of the majority of Islamic scholars). In the verse, it is pointed out that men from humans have not contacted women from humans, and men from jinn have not contacted women from jinn. (Tabari, ibid)

However, in the tafsir in question, no information is given that "there are jinn type houris as well as human type houris". For, there are two possibilities regarding the women that the verse refers to: These women are either women from the earth or houris created in heaven. According to the information in Tabari, it is necessary to evaluate the issue according to both possibilities. However, this issue is not explained there.

Some scholars such as Shabi and Kalbi state that the women mentioned in the verse are the women from the world. According to them, neither humans nor jinn contacted them in the world. (Baghawi, the interpretation of the verse in question)

Zajjaj showed this verse as evidence that jinn can have sexual intercourse just like humans. (Baghawi, ibid) However, it is difficult to say with certainty whether they mean jinn having intercourse with jinn or humans based on the expression "jinn also have sexual intercourse like humans" mentioned in the tafsir above and previous ones.

Razi and Qurtubi also point to different views on whether there is a sexual relationship between humans and jinn and they put forward their own view: “Indeed, there is such a relationship”. (see Razi, the interpretation of the verse in question)

Baydawi, Nasafi and Ibn Kathir understood the following from the verse: “Women in heaven are chaste. No human man touched human women and no male jinn touched female jinn.” (Baydawi, Nasafi, Ibn Kathir, the interpretation of the verse in question)

To sum up, we can state the following:

- What is meant by the women in the verse is not the women from the world, but the houris in heaven because some of the women from the world may have been married before. Then they marry their last husbands (or their preferred husbands) in heaven. In that case, they will have been touched before. However, it is emphasized in the verse that no one has touched them before. So, what is meant by the women in the verse is the women specially created in Paradise. (cf Ibn Ashur, the interpretation of the relevant verse)

- According to this determination, it is possible to understand from the verse, "Neither a human nor a jinn has touched the women/houris in Paradise" the following: “Male humans who go to heaven are given houris that no human has touched before and those houris resemble humans. Likewise, male jinn who go to heaven are given houris similar to jinn that no jinni has touched before and those houris resemble jinn.

(45) Do jinn make wudu? If yes, with what do make wudu?

Since the prayer cannot be performed without wudu, it is obligatory for jinn to make wudu too.

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is a prophet sent to both humans and jinn.

The main source of Islam is the Quran and Sunnah. In that case, the way people pray and the way they make wudu in the Quran and Sunnah must be same for jinn.

(46) Can animals see jinns?

There are signs both in the Quran and in the Sunnah that spiritual beings can take the form/shape of some people or animals and appear to people.

For example; The appearance of Gabriel (Jibril) to Maryam (Mary) in the form of a decent person indicates this issue. Besides, Gabriel became visible to the Prophet in his original form (an-Najm, 52/6-14) and disguised as the Companion Dihyatul-Kalbi, (Bukhari, Fadailul-Quran, 1). Both the Prophet (pbuh) and the Companions that were with him saw him.

This hadith is narrated with the name of "Jibril" as a sound hadith at the level of tawatur and became famous like this.

There are opinions in Islamic sources that Azrael and Gabriel and some other angels and jinn that Allah has ordained can appear to people in different ways. (see Ayni, Umdatul-Qari, VII, 102; Razi, Mafatihul-Ghayb, XIV, 54; Farra, al-Mutamad fi Usulid-Din, pp. 174-175; Nursi, Sözler, (20), 235)

Accordingly, it is also possible for jinn, which appear to humans by taking certain forms, to appear to animals as well.

(47) Do things like waking up by jumping in sleep, pain in the feet or twitching of the eyes have anything to do with jinn?

It is not appropriate to associate such events with jinn. Being struck by jinn is a very common belief in society. Almost everyone has more than one memory to talk about being struck by a jinn. However, it holds true not only for us, but almost all societies.

Shibli states that Sunni Islamic scholars including Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari believe that jinn can harm a human by entering his body, and that they explain this in their articles showing the verse in the surah (chapter) of al-Baqara informing us about the situation of the people who take interest, as evidence for it:

"Those who devour usury will not stand except as stand one whom the Satan by his touch Hath driven to madness."(1)

When Ahmad Ibn Hanbal’s son Abdullah asked him, “Some people say that jinn cannot enter human body. What do you think about it?”, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal replied as follows: “They lie.” (2)

References

(1) Shibli, Cinlerin Esrarı, p. 258.

(2) Shibli, ibid, pp. 256-257.

(48) What do Jinn feed on, what do they eat, what do they drink? Is there a narration about this?

1. (807)- Hz. Jabir (radiyallahu anh) narrates:

"The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) came out to his Companions and recited the chapter of ar-Rahman from the beginning to the end; the Companions listened silently. Thereupon, the Prophet (pbuh) said,

'I recited this to the jinn and their response was better than that of yours.

 Whenever I recited the statement of God Almighty, `Then which of the favors of your Lord will ye deny?', they said:

Our Lord! There is nothing that we deny of Thy favor; to Thee is praise due.'” [Tirmidhi, Tafsir, ar-Rahman, (3287)]

EXPLANATION:

The hadith actually includes the expression "Night of Jinn" in Tirmidhi, so it means: "I recited it to the jinn on the Night of the Jinn (the night I met the jinn)”

It is stated in the text, the jinn did not keep silent when they heard "Which favors of Allah do you deny?" On the contrary, they gave the answer mentioned in the hadith.

Scholars drew attention to the fact that the silent listening of the Companions was appreciated and it was hasan, i.e., "good", but that the jinn's answer was ahsan, i.e., "better".

2. (786)- Alqama narrates:

"I said to Ibn Mas'ud (radiyallahu anh):

"Did any of you accompany the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) on the night of jinn?"

He said " No, none of us accompanied him. However, one night we were with him (peace be upon him). We lost him for a while. We looked for him in the valleys and on the mountain roads. When we could not find him, we said, “Was he kidnapped?” So, we had the worst night possible. In the morning, we saw that He was coming from the direction of Hira." We said:

"O Messenger of Allah, we lost you, and we searched for you a lot, but we could not find you. For this reason, we had the worst night possible."

He said, "A inviter of jinn came to me. We went together. I read them the Quran."  Then He took us and showed us the traces of the jinn and the remnants of their fire.

They asked him for food and He replied as follows:

"Every bone on which the name of Allah is recited and with a lot of flesh is your food. Every dung of camel and horse is fodder for your animals.”

Then, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) warned us as follows:

"Do not perform anal cleansing with these two things (bone and dried dung) because they are the food of your brothers (jinn). [Muslim, Salah 150 (450); Tirmidhi, Tafsir, al-Ahqaf, (3254); Abu Dawud, Taharah 42, (85)]

EXPLANATION:

This narration states that the Prophet (pbuh) contacted jinn, recited the Qur'an to them, answered some of their questions and guided them.

This hadith shows that Ibn Mas'ud (r.a) was not with the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) on the night of the jinn. The narration existing in Abu Dawud and in some other books stating that Ibn Mas’ud was ready on the night of jinn and that jinn made wudu with nabidh (a kind of wine) is denied and rejected by this narration because this narration is sound and the hadith related to nabidh is weak.   

According to Daraqutni's statement, the hadith of Ibn Mas'ud above ends with the following sentence: "He showed us the traces of jinn and their fire." The remaining part is the addition by Ibn Shabi. All narrators who narrated the hadith from Shabi narrated it as the statement of Shabi. However, it is unthinkable that this explanation related to ghayb belongs to Shabi. He may have heard it from the narrations reported from the Messenger of Allah (pbuh). This part of the hadith does not exist in Ibn Mas’ud’s narration.

The jinn's questions about food show that they asked some questions about themselves. The Messenger of Allah’s (pbuh) statement

"Every bone on which the name of Allah is recited" can be understood differently: Allah’s name recited while slaughtering or while eating? However, scholars agree unanimously that the bones on which the name of Allah is recited are the food of believing jinn and those on which the name of Allah is not recited are the food of unbelieving jinn

This hadith may bring up some questions about jinn and even their food. We would like to state that in such matters of ghayb, which are of no practical use, we accept what is known from the verses and hadiths as they are, and will not be engaged in them, which is the most appropriate way for the good manners of believers.

The practical aspect of this hadith is the necessity of not using bones and dried dung in anal cleansing. It is necessary to know them in rural life.

(Prof. Dr. İbrahim CANAN, Kütüb-ü Sitte Tercüme ve Şerhi)

(49) Is it permissible to kiss jinn?

Jinn generally live in ruins, vacant lands, and dirty places, garbage dumps and graveyards. (Shibli, Cinlerin Esrarı pp. 256-257.)

The following can be said related to "the conditions under which jinn can harm” people:

Jinn can affect believers and mislead them in different ways mostly when they are in a state of junub (ritually impure due to sexual intercourse or semen discharge), in menstruation and puerperium. Every sin that is committed is like a door and window opened for devils and dirty jinn. Sensitive people, spiritually ill people, free and easy ones living far from prayer and the atmosphere of the praying people, in particular, are affected by jinn easily. Violation of the jinn’s life borders or rights and occupying their homes or places without saying Bismillahi (In the name of Allah) are definitely other important reasons for being harmed by them too.

Therefore, our prophet, Hz. Muhammad (pbuh), teaches us to pray when we enter dirty places and prohibits us from performing salah (prayers) in places like garbage dumps, baths, toilets, pastures and graveyards, where they usually inhabit. He teaches us to pray as follows while entering the toilet: “Allahumma inni audhu bika minal-khubthi wal-khabaith (My Allah I take refuge in you from all the filths and the evils.” He wants us to say prayers in all phases of our lives, to be in clean places that can be a fortress and shield to be protected from this kind of evils, to be with clean people, to form an atmosphere of prayers and to protect ourselves with worship.”

Therefore, the one who wants to protect himself from all the evils of jinn must stay away from the sins first, closing the holes through which they can come.” (Şahin, İnancın Gölgesinde, pp. 153-154; Din ve İnançlara Göre Şeytan ve Cinler, Arif Arslan, Nesil Yayınları, April 2002, pp. 19-23.)

Jinn are creatures with mind and consciousness like human beings. However, we do not know how they are; there is no doubt about their existence because the Quran informs us about their existence, belief and unbelief using an expression that cannot be interpreted differently. It is a reality; it is regarded unbelief to deny their existence.

As for the issue of a human being marrying a jinni, it is not known whether it is possible or not. It has not been known for sure that a human being married a jinni. This issue is mentioned because it was asked. Otherwise, it is not worth mentioning. Although it is highly unlikely to marry them, fiqh books mention it:  

It is not permissible for a human being to marry an animal because they are of different species; it is not permissible to marry a jinni, either. (al-Fatawal-Hadithiyya, 167; Halil GÜNENÇ, Günümüz Meselelerine Fetvalar II. 111)

Accordingly, it is not appropriate to kiss a being with whom marriage is not permissible.

(50) Does Imam-i Shafii have a fatwa stating that the testimony of a person who sees jinn is not acceptable? If so, why?

For Imam Shafii's opinion on this issue, see Tuhfatul Muhtaj- Shamila-9/195.

The purpose of this is to emphasize that anyone who sees jinn in their original form is a liar because this is contrary to the statements in the Quran that people cannot see jinn (Surah al-A’raf, 7/27). Otherwise, it does not mean that jinn -even if in human form- will not appear at all. (see ibid Alusu, the interpretation of the 27th verse of Surah Araf)

(51) Did the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) make a treaty with jinn?

Bilal ibn Harith narrates: During a journey, the Prophet (pbuh) walked away from us to relieve himself. He always went to places far from people to relieve himself. Then I poured water into a bowl and followed him. Some people were quarreling near him in a way I had never heard before; I heard strange noises.

Finally, after a while, the Prophet (pbuh) came and called "Bilal!", I said, "Yes, I am here." He asked “Have you brought water?” When I said “Yes”, He said, “Well done” and started to make wudu. I said, “O Messenger of Allah! I heard voices near you that I had never heard before; some people were quarreling...” “Muslim jinn and polytheist jinn quarreled next to me. I told the Muslims to sit in JILS (settlements and mountains) and the polytheists to sit in GHAWR (pits between mountains and seas).” (Majma az-Zawaid, 1/203)

Based on the statements in this narration, it can be said that there was an agreement about the residence of Muslim jinn and unbelieving jinn in different and certain places. There are other similar narrations as well.

(52) What is the responsibility of schizophrenic patients? Can jinn cause this disease?

Intellect and consciousness must exist for the obligation to worship. There are various forms and degrees of this disease. The person to decide whether the patient can use his mental faculties and whether he/she is responsible for worship is a religious specialist (psychologist or psychiatrist). The patient will act according to his decision.

(53) Is the information given by jinn correct? Is there a problem in learning some information from the Jinn?

It can be learned from jinn provided that the information learned from them will not be misused. In addition, the information given by jinn is not correct in all aspects.

- Is the information given by jinn correct?

Since these events and session arrangements called spiritism came to us from Europeans and non-serious charlatans, lie and truth are confused. The jinn, who make the medium who has gone into a trance , do this by sending an energy current at a certain frequency to the speech center of the brain. A person is made speak in any language and in any tone of voice.

Jinn can give correct answers to issues related to the past in particular thanks to their abilities and nature. Since their dimensions are different and time passes very slowly in their universe, a normal jinni can easily reach the knowledge of hundreds of years ago in an instant.

There are vile and malignant spirits, unbelieving jinn, behind the sophistry of souls changing bodies, which is a perverted belief called reincarnation. They do this with the tricks and delusions of the devil, harming the faith and belief of many people. Most people do not know that this deception is due to the influence of jinn, but people who are engaged in this branch of science can detect it.

- Is the information given by jinn reliable?

The jinn who accept the invitation during trans, i.e., the deep sleep seance, introduce themselves as "spirit, saint, great person". They do not accept that they are jinn and they humiliate people. They say that they will speak when they are addressed as "master" or "great person". After giving some strange information as bait, they try to divert people from the true path with the deception of the devil. They tell the people there that they have reached a high rank and that they do not need much worship.

Moreover, it has been determined that if the person who enters a trance is a religious person with the qualifications of mediumship, believing jinn usually come to him. However, it is necessary to be careful about what they say. Since the concepts and expressions in the universe of jinn differ from ours, it is necessary to examine and research all information.

Musk and fragrant scents attract good spirits, bad odors attract vile spirits and unbelieving jinn. We should know that the jinn that come to a person will be harmonious with that person and his environment. It is a personal matter that unbelievers are uncomfortable with mosques and their congregations, and believers are uncomfortable with the hotbeds of misguidance and deviance; the same thing holds true for jinn.

- What does "seance" about jinn mean?

The most obvious connection between human beings living in the visible universe and jinn living in the unseen/unknown universe happens during the deep sleep of the mediums, which Islamic scholars call "istighraq" and Westerners call "trans". During the trans (deep sleep) of the mediums, who are the mediators between the two realms, the Jinn send some energy currents to the human brain that science and technology cannot detect. This energy flow directly affects the nerves of the medium in the deep sleep position.

Based on the power and strength of the jinni, the medium in the state of trans is moved like a remote-controlled robot without being conscious. At that time, the people around get many true and false answers to the questions they ask. Jinn can speak in any language, both with the human tone of voice or by producing deep and high pitch sounds. They may give some false news about the past, the future, the present.

This is a very attractive situation. In fact, if it is not controlled, if it is done without an expert who really knows jinn, it may result in trickery and deception of people.

(54) Do jinn and devils have gender?

We can think of jinn to be similar to humans; they also have masculinity and femininity. They can marry and reproduce. Islamic scholars mention the 55th and 56th verses of Surah ar-Rahman as evidence in this regard:

"Then which of your Lord’s favors will you both deny? In both (Gardens) will be maidens of modest gaze, who no human or jinn has ever touched before."

Tams essentially means to bleed. That is why menstruation blood is called tams. This word later became the name for the sexual intercourse of a virgin. It is also said that it means absolute sexual approach. Accordingly, the meaning of the verse is as follows: "No one has bled them. Or nobody has touched them. They have always been virgin." It is understood from it that jinn are suitable for sexual intercourse.

Another proof is the 50th verse of the chapter of al-Kahf:

"And when We said to the angels: Make obeisance to Adam; they made obeisance but Iblis (did it not). He was of the jinn, so he transgressed the commandment of his Lord. What! would you then take him and his offspring for friends rather than Me, and they are your enemies? Evil is (this) change for the unjust."

Since the word "offspring" in this verse is also something that requires procreation, It is shown as evidence for the marriage of jinn. Female jinn are called pari (fairy).

(55) What does having an open vent in a person's body for the demons to dominate him mean?

Jinn and devils enter through the vents that people have opened with their sins and surround them. These vents must be closed so that they cannot enter and people are protected from their evil.

The fact that jinn and devils haunt believers by the observation of the Ahl al Kashf (People who see and know some unknown things) is due to their weakness in some spiritual aspects. Jinn pester believers (Muslims) mostly when they are junub (unclean), in menstruation and puerperium, have no ablution and act heedlessly contrary to good manners. Mental disorders and non-physiological insanity usually occur to people after such gaps.

If jinn and the devil have any intervention to it -they certainly do- they must have found a way into the believer through one of his/her sins. Yes, if you are like a castle and the doors of this castle are open, your enemy will enter through those doors and try to take over your castle. If you do not want to suffer such a situation, you must avoid sins, lead a careful life and never forget that the castle is conquered from within...

Evil jinn and devils use all kinds of sins as tools. Drinking, gambling and fornication are the tools they use frequently. Those who commit these sins can be considered to have fallen into the trap of the devil.

(56) Can jinn know what we are thinking about?

Man, who was sent as the caliph over jinn and all beings, is superior to jinn in terms of intelligence, mind, memory, reasoning and worship, as well as his nature and creation. Some jinn who do not take lessons from heavenly religions, do not accept the superiority of humans because of the lesson they learned from Satan; they envy humans.

God Almighty states the following in the Quran regarding the issue:

“We have indeed created man in the best of molds.” (at-Tin, 95/4)

Thus, He states that man is superior to not only jinn but also all beings. 

Jinn do not accept the superiority of humans; they put men in difficult situations and do their best to make humans need them. Those who do not know the nature and structure of jinn expect help from jinn. Spiritualists benefit from such gullible people and their ignorance.

People who do not know the nature and characteristics of jinn sometimes overestimate them. In other words, they think or deem that jinn are omniscient, omnipotent, and superior to humans. It is a real delusion.

(57) Jinn can pass into the dimensions of our life; So, can we pass into the dimensions of their life, too?

According to the Quran, humans were created from clay and jinn were created from fire. According to the known scientific laws, it seems difficult for these two substances to completely transform into each other. However, since jinn are created from the smokeless and pure flame of fire, they disguise themselves as if they wear a new dress, for example, to take on a human form while they preserve their own nature. This also fits with their flexible nature, which is closer to the spirit in subtlety and transparency. The embodiment of spirits is certain according to the Quran. (see Surah Maryam, 19/17).

Man, on the other hand, is built from a solid substance. It does not have flexibility. From this point of view, it does not seem logical for human beings to take the form of jinn. We have not come across such a sign in verses and hadiths until now.

In addition, it would not be reasonable for people to become invisible like jinn as beings that are visible at any moment in terms of social life conditions. Consider the state of someone who suddenly disappears; he will sadden all his relatives. This is contrary to wisdom. However, when a human being leaves his corpse and enters the spiritual realm, it will be possible for him to take the form of humans again.

(58) Since we know that Satan was created from fire and Hell is made of fire, how will he be punished in the hereafter?

Although man is created from clay, it can harm him.  Likewise, the fact that Satan was created from fire does not mean that fire will not harm him. Since his nature is going to change, fire will damage him too. Being fire is one thing and being created from fire is another. Although a tree is created from soil, it is not soil.

Besides, the torment of hell is not just fire; There are many kinds of torment. Here are some of them:

1. Torment with cold,
2. Being bitten by animals such as snakes and scorpions,
3. Hitting the head with maces,
4. Not giving anything to eat,
5. Making the intestines break into pieces with Zaqqum (oleander),
6. Intensifying the torment by enlarging bodies,
7. Making one drink pus-filled water,
8. Throwing one into the well of Ghayya,
9. Throwing one down from the cliffs,
10. Torment in pitch darkness,
11. Being exposed to nasty odors that cause great torment,
12. The torments being increased every day,
13. The torment that lasts forever.

Kadızade Ahmed Efendi states the following:

"A place in Hell is called Zamharir, that is, cold hell. Its coldness is very severe. It is unbearable even for a second. The unbelievers will be tormented by being thrown into cold hell, then hot hell, then cold, then hot,.." (Amentü Şerhi)

It is written in the books titled "Kimya-i Saadet" and "Durratul-Fakhira" that there are very cold Zamharir torments in Hell. It is stated in Bukhari, Muslim, Ibn Majah and other hadith books that the heat of summer is caused by the hot breath of hell, and the coldness of winter is caused by the breath of zamharir hell. (see Bukhari, Mawaqit: 9; Muslim, Masajid: 185-187; Tirmidhi, Jahannam: 9.)

The following is stated in the book titled Reşahat: The torment of the cold hell called Zamharir is very severe.

* * *

It is not true that jinn are born old and die as infants. In addition, jinn can take many forms. The beings we see on earth are divided into races, species and genera according to their differences. Similarly, jinn are also divided into races, genera and species according to their own differences. In order to understand this difficult issue, metaphors and similes made by saints are sometimes misunderstood and mistakes are made.

(59) Is the Doomsday the same for jinn? If not, what will their Doomsday be like?

Doomsday will be for both humans and jinn.

"The Trumpet will be sounded, and everyone in the heavens and earth will fall down senseless except those God spares. It will be sounded once again and they will be on their feet, looking on." (Surah az-Zumar, 39/68)

In this verse, it is stated that the trumpet will be blown twice. It is mentioned in the 87th verse of Surah an-Naml that it will be blown once more before these two. Therefore, the Prophet (pbuh) reported three blowing of the trumpet:
1. Nafkhatul-faza’ (a terrifying sound)
2. Nafkhatus-sa’q (the killing sound)
3. Nafkhatul-qiyama (resurrection blowing).

Exceptions: The four greatest angels. Some tafsir scholars also include hamalatul-arsh (Ridwan angels), houris, Malik (who is responsible for Hell) and Zabanis.

In this verse, the last two blows of the trumpet, which will be blown three times, are mentioned. At the first blowing of the Sur (trumpet), everything will be shaken with great fear. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) points to it as follows:

"How can I feel comfortable? The owner of the Sur holds it in his mouth, has bent his forehead down, has given his ear to Allah's command, and waiting for the "Blow" command to blow it."

In the second blow, all creatures will die, except those whom Allah wills.

According to Anas bin Malik and Suddi, the beings meant by the phrase whom Allah wishes not to die  in the verse are Jibril, Mikail, Israfil and Azrail. After Allah removes the spirits of all creatures, these angels will remain. Then, He will remove their spirits as well, and only His own self will remain. (Tafsiru Tabari)

(60) It is said that jinn harm people who have delusions and who are weak. Can you give an example?

There is a possibility for the jinn to harm people who think that jinn will harm them and who are afraid of jinn when they are alone, and people with a weak spiritual structure because with these feelings inside, such a person weakens himself.

A person should know that nothing can harm him without Allah's permission, and he should put his trust in Allah by praying. The supplications (duas) he says and his trust in Allah will protect him from the harm of jinn.

a) To seek refuge in Allah (swt) from the evil of Satan, Allah Almighty states the following in the Quran:

"And if a false imputation from the Shaitan afflict you, seek refuge in Allah; surely He is Hearing, Knowing." (al-A'raf, 7/200)

He states the following in another verse:

"And say: O my Lord! I seek refuge in Thee from the evil suggestions of the Shaitans; And I seek refuge in Thee! O my Lord! from their presence." Al-(Muminun, 23/97-98)

When the Prophet (pbuh) entered the mosque, he would recite the following supplication: "A'udhu billahil azimi wa bi wajhihil karimi wa sultanihil qadimi minash shaytanir rajim." Then, he said,

"Satan states the following for those who read the supplication above: 'He is protected from my evil at other times of the day too.' " (Abu Dawud, Salah, 446)

b) Reciting Ayatul-Kursiyy

Ayatul-Kursiyy is a great castle to be protected from the evil of the jinn.

Abu Ayyub al-Ansari (r.a.) had a place like a basement. He kept his dates there. A jinni called “Ghul” used to come and steal dates from there. Abu Ayyub complained to the Prophet (pbuh) about it. Our Prophet (pbuh) said, "Go and when you see the jinn, say ‘Go to the Messenger of Allah in the name of Allah’." Abu Ayyub went and caught the jinn. However, he released the jinn because he swore that he would never come again. Then, he went to the Messenger of Allah (pbuh). The Messenger of Allah asked, "What did you do with the captive you caught?" Ayyub (r.a.) said "He swore he would never come again." The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "He lied; he will come again." Indeed, he came for the second time; Abu Ayyub caught him again, but he released the jinni when he swore that he would not come again. Abu Ayyub went to the Messenger of Allah (pbuh). The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "He lied; he will come again." When the jinni came for the third time, Abu Ayyub caught him and said to him, "I will not leave you until I take you to the Messenger of Allah." Thereupon the jinni said, “I will remind you of something. Read Ayatul-Kursiyy in your home. Neither jinn nor Satan will come near you." Abu Ayyub went to the Messenger of Allah alone. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) asked Abu Ayyub, "What did you do with the captive you caught?" Abu Ayyub told him what had happened. Our Prophet (pbuh) said, "Even though he was a liar, he told the truth this time." (Bukhari, Wakalah, 10)

Abu Hurayra (r.a.) narrates:

"Our Prophet (pbuh) said, 'Everything has a peak. The peak of the Quran is the Surah al-Baqarah. There is a verse there that is the mainstay and master of the verses of the Quran; it is Ayatul-Kursiyy.'" (Tirmidhi, Fadailul-Quran, 2)

The following is stated in another hadith:

"Surah Al-Baqara has the mainstay and master of the Quran. In whichever house it is recited, the devil comes out of that house; that verse is Ayatul-Kursiyy." (see Jami’us-Saghir, 2/47, no.1289)

If a person reads Ayatul-Kursiyy with complete devotion, Satan will not approach him and his tricks will fail. The repetition of the last verse, in particular, has a great effect on keeping jinn away from the patient. It has been tried many times. The wrong issues that Satan makes his friends discover are prevented by reading Ayatul-Kursiyy.

They are some news that Satan whispers into the ears of his friends. As the Quran puts it, "Surely the devils whisper to their associates." (Surah al-An’am, 121) Some ignorant people think that they are saints.

c) Reading the end of Surah al-Baqara (Amanar-Rasulu)

From Abu Masud (r.a.): The Prophet (pbuh) said,

"There are two verses at the end of Surah al-Baqarah; if a person reads them at night, they will be sufficient for him. They will drive away evil and bad things." (Bukhari, Fadailul-Quran,10,17)

Our Prophet (pbuh) said,

"Allah concluded Surah al-Baqarah with two verses which He gave me from a treasure under the Throne. Learn them and teach them to your women and children because they are both a supplication (dua) and verses of the Quran." (Musnad, 4/147, 151, 5/180; Hakim, Mustadrak, 1/562)

From Numan Bin Bashir (r.a.): The Prophet (pbuh) said,

" Undoubtedly, Allah Almighty wrote a book 2000 years before He created the heavens and the earth, and he ended the chapter of Baqarah by sending two verses from that book. If these two verses are recited in a house for 3 nights, Satan cannot approach that house." (Tirmidhi, Fadailul-Quran, 4; Bayhaqi, Shu’abul-Iman, 2/460)

d) Reading al-Ikhlas and al-Mu'awwidhatayn (Surah of al-Falaq and an-Nas)

The Prophet (pbuh) said,

“Read the surahs of an-Nas and al-Falaq with the surah "Qulhuvallahu ahad" three times in the evening and in the morning. They will be enough to protect you from all kinds of danger and harm.” (Abu Dawud, Adab, 101; Nasai, Istiadha 1; Tirmidhi, Daawat, 117) 

The following was narrated from Uqba bin Amir (r.a): One day, as we were walking between Juhfa and Abwa with the Messenger of Allah (pbuh), a wind and darkness suddenly covered the place. Thereupon, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) started to seek refuge in Allah from the misfortunes that would come by reciting Surah al-Falaq and an-Nas, and advised me to do the same at a time of calamity. He said, ”O Uqba! Take refuge in Allah with these two surahs because no one who took refuge in Allah was protected by the like of these two surahs.” (Abu Dawud, Witr, 1463; Bayhaqi, Sunanul-Kubra, 2/394)

In another narration, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said to Uqba ibn Amir,

“O Uqba! Continue to recite the Surah of al-Ikhlas, al-Falaq and an-Nas three times in the morning and evening. Do not forget to say afterwards, ‘O Allah! Do not leave me in Satan’s hands when he comes and starts to give me delusions when I take my last breath and during all my life. In this regard, I seek refuge in You in advance.” (Hakim, Mustadrak, 1,240)

(61) Were there jinn before Adam (pbuh) was born?

Yes, there were jinn in the world before Adam was born.

(62) I wonder why jinn are mentioned in only one page or a few places in the Quran even though they are also subject to the test?

There is no doubt that jinn are responsible just like humans:

“O assembly of jinn and men! did there not come to you messengers from among you, relating to you My communications and warning you of the meeting of this day of yours? They shall say: We bear witness against ourselves; and this world´s life deceived them, and they shall bear witness against their own souls that they were unbelievers.” (Surah al-An’am, 6/130),

“Soon will We apply Ourselves to you, O you two armies.” (Surah ar-Rahman, 55/31)

The verses above underline this fact.

However, after humans became the caliphs of the earth, the jinn became subject to the prophets from humans. Especially after the revelation of the Quran, which was revealed to Muhammad (pbuh), who was a prophet sent to all humans and jinn, their guides and warners were also obliged to convey the lessons they learned from him to their own congregations.

“And when We turned towards you a party of the jinn who listened to the Quran; so when they came to it, they said: Be silent; then when it was finished, they turned back to their people warning them.” (al-Ahqaf, 46/29)

This fact is pointed out in the verse above. (For more information, see Niyazi Beki, the interpretation of verse 31 of Surah ar-Rahman).

- Since jinn are in a subordinate position to humans in the address of revelation, it can be said that they are mentioned sufficiently in the Quran.

- Since jinn are invisible beings, they are in a different position from humans in terms of social life. Therefore, putting too much emphasis on the life of jinn is not in accordance with divine wisdom in this respect; so, they were not been mentioned much.

- Divine orders and prohibitions that address humans are also valid for jinn. Repeating the same things for them does not comply with the miraculousness of the Quran, which is based on rhetoric and conciseness.

- The life of humans is visible to jinn, but the life of jinn is invisible to humans. Talking about their hidden aspects can do more harm than good.

However, there are many verses and hadiths that mention jinn.

(63) If unbelievers see a jinni, they will believe because it is mentioned in the Quran. Why are there unbelieving jinn even though they see people? What prevents them from believing?

We regard it appropriate to answer your questions with some questions that will clarify the logic of your questions.

You say, "If unbelievers see a jinni, they will believe because it is mentioned in the Quran." So, although the unbelievers see the reality of the spirit, which the Quran reveals, both with scientific data and in the séances, which materialist became a Muslim for this reason?

You say, “Why are there unbelieving jinn even though they see people?”  Well, some people may have also seen jinn. There are many cases of this. Some Companions even saw the devils (a tribe of jinn), but still other people did not become Muslims.

The general theme in the question is as follows: “If the unseen things mentioned in the Quran are clearly seen, the unbelievers will become Muslims.…”

We can summarize the answer to this in a few specifications:

a. The test is hidden, the mind is guided, but the mind is not shown the necessary direction so that the will of the mind is not taken away. This attitude is a sine qua non for the test that addresses the mind to be fair.

b. In many verses of the Qur'an, there are statements that mean, "If Allah had willed, He would have forced everyone to believe... He would have shown such a sign in the sky that everyone would have had to submit to Him...". However, if the gates of Paradise were opened to everyone, there would be no need for testing. However, Allah ignited the fire of testing so that the good and the bad, diamond and coal, gold and copper could be separated from each other. Yes, the heaven is not an easy place to enter and hell is not unnecessary.

c. “Why are there unbelievers though jinn see humans?” We can say the following to answer the question: Although many cosmic, geological, sociological and anthropological facts that were hidden fifteen centuries ago are mentioned in the Quran and they have been scientifically confirmed in our age, why do not all people become Muslims? They do not because belief does not arise from just one subject. Even though there are thousands of realities, they can be ignored with heedlessness, whims and delusions.

Although the unseen news and information given by the Quran that Byzantium would fight with the Sassanids and defeat them in a few years was confirmed by historical facts, the unbelievers did not believe though they saw it. The unbelievers, who saw the miracle of the moon splitting into two with a sign of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), which is known to be expressed in the chapter of al-Qamar and included in many authentic hadith narrations, did not become Muslims by saying, "This is magic."

d. These explanations show that information alone is not enough. Although many orientalists admired the information given by the Quran, they still did not become Muslims. Although they themselves saw the unique moral beauties of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and that He did not want anything other than Allah's consent, there were many polytheist Arabs who still did not believe.

They show that it is not enough to just accept certain information as true in order to believe. Belief is an issue of divine grace that is in question after knowledge goes beyond the mind and settles in the heart. This manifests itself as a divine light that Allah casts into his heart after he directs his free will to believe.

(64) Is the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) also the prophet of jinn? Did the Prophet (pbuh) personally convey the message to jinn?

It is mentioned in the Quran and in some hadiths that the Prophet (pbuh) saw the jinn, recited the Quran to them and talked with them. [Bukhari, Salah 75, Amal fis-Salah 10, Badu'l Khalq 11, Anbiya 40, Tafsir, Sad; Muslim, Masajid 39, (541)]

"We sent a group of jinn to you [Prophet] to listen to the Quran. When they heard it, they said to one another, ‘Be quiet!’ Then when it was finished they turned to their community and gave them warning. They said, “O our people, we have heard a book sent down after Moses, confirming what was before it, which guides to the truth and to a straight path. O our people, Respond to the one who calls you to God. Believe in Him: He will forgive you your sins and protect you from a painful torment.’' " (al-Ahqaf, 46/29-31; see al-Jinn, 72/1-15)

It is stated in the verses above that jinn are also subject to our Prophet (pbuh) and that they invite their tribes to follow our Prophet (pbuh).

(65) Do jinn have nafs (soul)?

Jinn are intelligent and conscious beings who are tested like humans. Just as humans have nafs so too do jinn have it.

Just like us, there are some unbelievers and stubborn ones among the jinn as well as those who are pure and sincere.

When we look at the verses of the Quran and hadiths as a whole, we see that there is essentially no serious difference between jinn and humans. They eat, drink, marry, reproduce and live like us.

There is always a similarity not only in lifestyle, but also in thought and idea. In Surah al-Jinn, their situation is described in their own words as follows:

"There are among us some that are righteous, and some the contrary: we follow divergent paths." (al-Jinn, 72/11)

Related to the interpretation of "We follow divergent paths", Ahmad b. Hanbal quotes the following assessment from Suddi: " There are always different sects among jinn, such as Qadariyya, Murjia and Mushabbiha, just like humans." (Qurtubi, al-Jamiu Li Ahkamil-Quran, 19/15 )

(It means there are also Jews, Christians, Fireworshippers, Pagans, etc. It is even possible to extend it to the right and wrong denominations and sects that emerged among Muslims. Yes, some of them follow Jabriyya sect, saying, "Man has no will.” Some say, "Allah does not interfere in man's business; man creates his deed himself." He represents the Mu'tazila sect by saying so. Some are “Murjiahs”, muttering a certain obsession about the effect of deeds. Some of them are "Mushabbiha"; they liken Allah (swt) to other things and ascribe space and place to Him.)

Imam Suddi is a person from Tabiun. If there were so many divisions among the jinn in his age, who knows what the situation is today! Possibly, all the differences in doctrine and thought that exist among humans today are also present among the jinn because they are beings that are subject to humans. Therefore, if humans can keep their line behind the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) at the level expected of them, jinn will also do the same. The ups and downs in us also bring about the same effect on them because our Prophet (pbuh) and theirs is the same. And we are in the position of examples and leaders to be followed for them.

Therefore, the joy of the Ummah of Muhammad will be theirs as well; our sadness will make them sad too. We can also state the following: Our efforts for salvation will lead them to take action in the name of salvation.

So, our efforts are not limited to us only; they also affect the realm of jinn.  In a way, they are just like us. In Surah al-Jinn, it is explained very concisely that they share the same things as us:

"Some of us are Muslims, and some of us are unjust. Now, those who submitted to Islam have found out the right path, but those who go wrong will be fuel for Hellfire" (al-Jinn, 72/14-15)

It is clear from these verses that there are some unbelievers and stubborn ones among the jinn as well as those who are pure and sincere just like us.

(66) Since jinn steal some information from angels, it means they know about the existence of angels. If so, why do most of jinn not believe?

Although atheism is the first thing that comes to mind related to unbelief, in fact, there are varieties of it.

The unbelief of the jinn manifests itself by not believing in the Prophet of their time. Believing in angels is not enough to get rid of unbelief. As a matter of fact, Arab polytheists believed in angels just as they believed in Allah, and regarded them as Allah's daughters. However, this belief did not prevent them from being polytheists and unbelievers.

This fact is emphasized in the following verse:

“Is it, then, that your Lord has chosen you people to have sons, and has Himself opted for females from among the angels? Surely, you are uttering a serious statement.” (Surah al-Isra, 17/40).

(67) Can you give us information about the superiority of humans over jinn? With what qualities are humans superior to jinn?

Man, who was sent as the caliph over jinn and all beings, is superior to jinn in terms of intelligence, mind, memory, reasoning and worship, as well as his nature and creation. Some jinn who do not take lessons from heavenly religions, do not accept the superiority of humans because of the lesson they learned from Satan; they envy humans.

Allah Almighty states the following in the Quran regarding the issue:

“Indeed, We created humans in the best form.” (At-Tin, 95/4)

Thus, He states that man is superior to not only jinn but also all beings. 

Jinn do not accept the superiority of humans; they put men in difficult situations and do their best to make humans need them. Those who do not know the nature and structure of jinn expect help from jinn. Spiritualists benefit from such gullible people and their ignorance.

People who do not know the nature and characteristics of jinn sometimes overestimate them. In other words, they think or deem that jinn are omniscient, omnipotent, and superior to humans. It is a real delusion.

(68) Are there any verses or hadiths stating that jinn hear the angels speaking and inform the soothsayers?

The following is stated in Surah al-Jinn:

"We tried to reach heaven, but discovered it to be full of stern guards and shooting stars. We used to sit in places there, listening, but anyone trying to listen now will find a shooting star lying in wait for him." (Surah al-Jinn, 72/8-9)

Jinn used to sit in some places to listen to the heavens and to get news, and surprise people with them. However, now “there is a piece of fire, a bright flame, which is ready to burn whoever tries to listen to the heavens."

Elmalılı interprets these verses by likening the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to the heaven and the verses and miracles he brought to balls of flame. He says that human and devilish jinn are frightened in the face of the Quran, that their tongues are tied, and that they understand that they can no longer talk about ghayb as before. (Elmalılı Tafsir, VIII/5404)

According to what is stated in tafsirs, jinn had been wandering in the heavens for a long time, would listen to the speech of angels, add some comments from themselves to the information they received and tell them to the soothsayers who contacted them. (see Shawkani, V/352-353). The following statement in the 9th verse points to this event: " We used to sit in places there (in the sky).” However, it is understood that after the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was sent and the Quran began to be sent down, jinn were not allowed to listen to the heavens. As a matter of fact, according to the information given in the 8th verse, jinn stated that they searched and probed the heavens, but saw that the heavens were protected by strong guards and equipped with balls of flame. According to the last sentence of the 9th verse, jinn said that those who tried to eavesdrop to get information from the heavens secretly were prevented from listening to the heaven by being thrown balls of fire from the observation points. (Diyanet Tefsiri, Kur’an Yolu, V/400).

Explaining the reason why the surah was sent, Ibn Abbas also states that jinn used to listen to the revelation that Allah sent to angels about management of the universe, but with the sending of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), they were forbidden to listen to the heavens. He reports that while the jinn were investigating the reason for this, they encountered the Prophet (pbuh) in a place called Nakhla, and so they understood what prevented them from receiving news from the heavens. (Bukhari, Tafsir, 72; see also al-Hijr 15/17-18; as-Saaffat 37/7-10; al-Mulk 67/5).

Another reason is the following narration from Ibn Abbas:  

While the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was sitting with a group of His companions, a star fell. Thereupon he asked:

"What did you use to say about such situations when you were in the age of ignorance?" They said:

"We used to think that either a great person died or a great person was born." Thereupon, the Prophet (pbuh) said:

"These stars do not fall because of someone's death or someone's birth. Rather when our Lord [Blessed is His Name and Most High] decrees a matter, He is glorified by the bearers of the Throne. Then He is glorified by the inhabitants who are below them, then those below them, until such glorification reaches this Heaven. Then the inhabitants of the sixth Heaven ask the inhabitants of the seventh Heaven: "What did your Lord say?" He said: 'So they inform them; then the inhabitants of each Heaven seek the information, until the news is conveyed to the inhabitants of the Heavens of the earth. While the jinn are trying to eavesdrop, they are shot immediately. If they (the jinn) narrate only which they manage to snatch that is correct, but they alloy it with lies and make additions to it." (Muslim, IV, 1750; Ibn Hibban, Sahih, XIII, 499; Tirmidhi, V, 362; Musnad, I, 218).

Badiuzzaman Said Nursi explains the wisdom behind the prohibition of jinn from giving information to the soothsayers as follows:

"Thus, since God’s Messenger (Upon whom be blessings and peace) had appeared in the world together with revelation, it was necessary to prevent the knowledge about the Unseen being transmitted by soothsayers, diviners, and jinn, which was inaccurate and mixed with lies, so that their knowledge should not cause any doubts about revelation, and should not resemble it. Before the prophetic mission, soothsaying was widespread. Then with its revelation, the Qur’an brought it to an end.“ (see The Letters, The Nineteenth Letter)

(69) Why are jinn visible only to some people?

Contacting jinn has some ways and methods; it requires a guide and being an expert. If methods, principles and guides are not used, there will be risks of making mistakes and getting into trouble.

If those people are unaware about the spiritual world and do not know where to stand, they may be attacked by wicked spirits; they can get under their control and turn out to be toys in their hands. Jinn sometimes lead those people into pride and arrogance and sometimes try to scare and threaten them, making them talk on their behalf and serve them.

As a matter of fact, in the 20th century, Ghulam Ahmad Qadiyani became a victim of those wicked jinn. He wanted to struggle for Islam in the way of Fakirism against Yogism but was attacked by wicked spirits and became one of their toys. Wicked spirits, at first, made him accept that he is a mujaddid and then Mahdi and later made him believe that he was Jesus-Messiah. In the end, he said, God forbid, “Allah entered my body and appeared in me.”

Wicked spirits can easily contact wicked people and can cause them to go crazy.  Therefore, jinn become visible to spiritually weak people.

Seeing jinn does not always mean being superior. In fact, it is better not to see them as there is a possibility of being deceived by evil jinn.

(70) Are jinn superior to humans in terms of intelligence and logic?

Jinn are not more intelligent than humans and their perceptive abilities are not better.

The reason why Satan rebelled was that he did not accept the superiority of man, that he compared fire and clay, and claimed that he was created from fire, humans were created from clay and hence he was superior; and he did not obey Allah's order, and as a result, he became one of the losers.

“Satan became one of the eternal losers because of five things:
1. For not admitting his sin,
2. For not regretting,
3. For not condemning his nafs (evil-commanding soul) that caused him to rebel,
4. For not repenting,
5. For having given up hope of Allah’s mercy.”
(Ibn Hajar, Munabbihat, 73.)

Therefore, a believer must accept his sin, regret for his mistakes and sins, call his nafs to account and condemn it, repent frequently and never give up hope of Allah’s mercy.

(71) Unbelieving jinn can harm people. Do believing jinn help people?

Since they are in different dimensions of existence, we do not see them and have a clear information about their relations with people; we cannot say much about that issue since we do not have clear information in verses and hadiths - as far as we know - about whether believing jinn help us or not.

It is a fact that charlatans want to take advantage of such secret things and they obtain material benefits from them. For this reason, let us direct our curiosity towards obtaining information about jinn to the realities of the principles of belief, which are other ghayb issues. Let us both satisfy our curiosity about mysterious things and enjoy life with the pleasure of fulfilling our main duty.

However, there is also the possibility of making use of jinn. Nevertheless, it is necessary to use them in good and beneficial works. Otherwise, it will be a violation of their rights, and it will be haram because it is something that Allah has forbidden. Therefore, it is necessary to be careful.

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