Sixth Quality of Eloquence: The Qur'an shows extensive events that take place in the realm of creatures in unity or within a universal rule.
• Sixth Quality of Eloquence: It sometimes happens that a verse spreads out dominical decrees over a great multiplicity of things, then it unifies them with a tie of unity resembling an aspect of unity, or it situates them within a universal rule. For example:
His Throne does extend over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in preserving them, for He is the Most High, the Supreme.1
Thus, together with proving with ten phrases in Ayat al-Kursi ten levels of Divine unity in varying hues, with the phrase,
Who is there that can intercede in His presence except as He permits?,
it rejects utterly and vehemently the associating of partners with Allah and interference of others, and casts them away. Also, since this verse manifests the Greatest Name, its meanings related to the Divine truths are at a maximum degree, so that it demonstrates the dominical acts of disposal at a maximum level. Furthermore, after mentioning the Divine regulation of all the heavens and the earth and a preservation encompassing all things at the maximum degree, a tie of unity and aspect of unity summarize the sources of those maximum manifestations with the phrase,
For He is the Most High, the Supreme.
And, for example:
It is Allah Who has created the heavens and the earth and sends down rain from the skies, and with it brings out fruits therewith to feed you; made subject to you the ships, that they may sail through the sea by His command; and the rivers [too] He has made subject to you; * and He has made subject to you the sun and the moon, both diligently pursuing their courses; and the night and the day has He [also] made subject to you; * And He gives you of all that you ask for. But if you count the favours of Allah, never will you will able to number them.2
These verses describe how Almighty Allah created the huge universe as a palace for man, and sending the water of life from the skies to the earth, made the skies and the earth two servants producing food for him. Similarly, He made ships subject to men so that they might benefit from the fruits of the earth found in every part of it, and also exchange the fruits of their labours and secure their livelihoods in every respect. That is, He made the winds as whips, ships as horses, and the seas as a desert beneath their hooves. And besides connecting man with every region of the earth by means of ships, He subjugated the rivers, great and small, to him by making them means of transport. And causing the sun and moon to travel, the True Bestower of Bounties alternates the seasons and makes them two obedient servants whereby He offers man His multicoloured bounties which change with the seasons; He created them also as two steersmen turning that mighty wheel. And He made the night and day subject to man; that is, He made the night as a veil for his sleep and repose, and the day a place of trade for winning his livelihood.
After enumerating these Divine bounties, with the summary:
And He gives you of all that you ask for. But if you count the favours of Allah, never will you will be able to number them,
it points out the vast extent of the bounties bestowed on man, and their abounding profusion and abundance. That is, whatever man asks for through the tongue of his capacity and innate needs, they have all been given him. An end can never be reached in counting the Divine bounties bestowed on man nor can they be exhausted. Certainly, since the heavens and the earth are a table of bounties for man, and things like the sun and the moon and night and day some of the bounties on the table, the bounties directed towards man are most surely beyond count and calculation.
1. Qur’an, 2:255.
2. Qur’an, 14:32-4.
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- Fifth Quality of Eloquence: The Qur'an shows Divine truths in simple and ordinary events and encourages meditation.
- First Quality of Eloquence: The Qur'an shows Divine truths in the acts and works on the world.
- Third Quality of Eloquence: The Qur'an explains Allah's acts in detail and summarizes them.
- Ninth Point of Eloquence: The Qur'an shows comprehensive truths in insignificant events with Divine names.
- Second Point of Eloquence: The Qur'an depicts Divine work of arts and summarizes them with Divine names.
- Fourth Point of Eloquence: The Qur'an mentions about the order in creatures with transparency which shows the Divine names behind them.
- The Thirty-Third Word: It explains that there is a window opening to Almighty Allah in everything with thirty-three examples.
- Seventh Mystery of Eloquence: The Qur'an shows the manifestations of Divine names and Divine power behind causes.
- Eight Quality of Eloquence: The Qur'an convinces hearts and minds by mentioning the observable works of this world when mentioning Divine works concerning the hereafter.
- First Station: It explains the glad tidings in kalima at-tawhid.