Fard

Fards are the obligations that Allah tells us to perform firmly via his own words or via Prophet Muhammad‘s (p.b.u.h) words. The obligations that each Muslim has to perform are called “Fard al Ayn”; in other words fardhs for all individuals. Obligations that are expected to be performed by enough members in the Muslim community are called “Fard al-Kifayah”; in other words a fardh that requires to be performed by a sufficient number of Muslims. As you can see, in Fard al Ayn, the important thing is that every Muslim must perform the obligation himself / herself. In Fard al-Kifayah, the important thing is the performance of the obligation. A person who performs obligations earns thawab (rewards of good deeds). A person who does not perform obligations becomes a sinner and deserves punishment. A person who denies them becomes a kafir (disbeliever). For example, people are commanded to cover their private parts by definite commands; so, it is a fardh. Women’s heads have to be covered too. A woman that covers her head because Allah wants so gains thawab and deserves a reward in the hereafter. A woman who accepts Allah’s fardh and knows that it is necessary to cover her head but does not do so commits a sin. If she does not repent and does not ask to be forgiven, she will be punished in the hereafter. A woman who does not cover her hair, or covers her hair but does not accept the command of covering the head becomes an unbeliever. She has to repent and renew her faith.

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