What is Fard?
Fard (obligation) is a religious task or duty that is ordered to be fulfilled through definite and clear evidence.
Like making wudu, performing daily prayers, performing fasting, paying zakah (alms)...
Fard is divided into two:
Fard al-Ayn: A fard which is obligatory for every individual Muslim.
When a Muslim performs it, other Muslims do not become exempt from them; every Muslim has to perform it individually. Like performing daily prayers and fasting...
Fard al-Kifaya: A fard which is not obligatory for every individual Muslim; when some Muslims fulfill it, others become exempt from it. If nobody fulfills it, then the whole community becomes responsible for it and everybody is regarded to have committed a sin; like performing the janazah prayer when a Muslim dies.
The reward of the fard al-kifayah belongs to the person who fulfills it. The sin of it, when nobody fulfills it, belongs to all Muslims.
- What is the difference between Fard and Wajib?
- Fard (obligation) is divided into two in terms of a person who is a Muslim
- What does fard al-kifayah mean? Will you explain it? Is working and learning ilm (knowledge/science) fard al-kifayah?
- Do mentally and physically disabled people have religious responsibilities?
- Can tarawih prayer be performed individually?
- When did the five daily prayers become fard?
- What branches of science (ilm) are fard to learn? Only religious sciences?
- Can women perform Friday and eid prayers?
- What is the Judgment for a Fard?
- What is the decree on not performing prayers? Does a person who does not perform prayers become an unbeliever; or, does he become only a sinner?