What is Fard?
Fard (obligation) is a religious task or duty that is ordered to be fulfilled through definite and clear evidence.
Like making wudu, performing daily prayers, performing fasting, paying zakah (alms)...
Fard is divided into two:
Fard al-Ayn: A fard which is obligatory for every individual Muslim.
When a Muslim performs it, other Muslims do not become exempt from them; every Muslim has to perform it individually. Like performing daily prayers and fasting...
Fard al-Kifaya: A fard which is not obligatory for every individual Muslim; when some Muslims fulfill it, others become exempt from it. If nobody fulfills it, then the whole community becomes responsible for it and everybody is regarded to have committed a sin; like performing the janazah prayer when a Muslim dies.
The reward of the fard al-kifayah belongs to the person who fulfills it. The sin of it, when nobody fulfills it, belongs to all Muslims.
- What is the difference between Fard and Wajib?
- What is the decree on not performing prayers? Does a person who does not perform prayers become an unbeliever; or, does he become only a sinner?
- What are the things that prayer (salah) makes man gain?
- Is Friday prayer fard for women?
- What does fard al-kifayah mean? Will you explain it? Is working and learning ilm (knowledge/science) fard al-kifayah?
- Prayer, the summary of all kinds of worship
- What is the importance of sunnah prayers? Is it enough to perform only fard prayers?
- What are the hadiths related to sunnah/nafilah prayers and their virtues?
- Fard (obligation) is divided into two in terms of a person who is a Muslim
- Why should a woman who menstruates perform fasting as qada later since she does not perform prayers as qada?