Al-Mutakabbir (The Supremely Great, The Perfection of Greatness)

Allah is mutakabbir.

The meaning of this name: Allah deems only Himself worthy of magnificence and sublimity; He shows His grandeur in all events. 

Therefore, this name becomes manifest in earthquakes, mountains that touch clouds, stars that float in the sea of the sky, tornados and storms that uproot trees, thunders, lightning and everything that seems magnificent and grand.

In order to understand why Allah is mutakabbir and why magnificence belongs only to Allah, it is necessary to understand the magnificence of Allah’s personality, names and attributes. When they are understood, the secret of the following hadith will also be understood:

“Magnificence is my garment and grandeur is my cloak. I will send anyone who dares to be my partner in them to Hell.”

Now, let us see the grandeur of Allah’s personality, names and attributes in order to reach His name mutakabbir.

Greatness belongs to Allah.

All of the expressions and phrases of greatness are small compared to His greatness. The mind is too weak to understand the real nature of this greatness. The Prophet (pbuh), who knows Him best, describes Him as follows:

O He whose perfection lies beyond the range of all vision,
O He whose glory cannot be described by His creatures,
O He whose attributes exceed the bounds of all understanding,
O He whose grandeur is beyond the scope of all thought,
O He whose cloak is sublimity and grandeur …

Yes, the mind istoo weak to understand the real nature of this greatness. We can give an example: When we see a book, we know the existence of its writer and accept him. We know that the writer is knowledgeable because he wrote it with his knowledge. A person who has no knowledge cannot write a book. We know that the writer has a will because he preferred writing to not writing. We know that the writer has power because he who cannot hold a pen cannot write. We know that the writer is alive because a dead person cannot write a book. We know many names and attributes belonging to the writer.  

However, we cannot know who he is, how tall he is, how much he weighs, what color his skin is, etc; that is, we cannot know his attributes.

Similarly, this book of the universe points to the knowledge, will, power, life and the other names and attributes of Allah, who wrote this book. We cannot know the personality of the writer of the book in the example; similarly, we cannot know the personality of Allah because minds cannot understand His personality, thoughts cannot realize His grandeur and dreams cannot cover Him.

2- Allah is great in His names and attributes.

Allah’s names and attributes are endless. His power, knowledge, will, sight and hearing are endless; similarly, His mercy, grant, wisdom and all of His other names and attributes are endless, too. The Prophet (pbuh) expresses the grandeur of those names and attributes as follows:

O He whose knowledge overtakes all things;
O He whose power reaches all things

O He whose sight penetrates all things;
O Hearer and answerer of all sounds,
O He whose are the most exalted attributes and the most beautiful names,
O He who is much given to pardoning,
O He whose might is perpetual,
O He who is the wisest of the wise,
O He who is the fairest of the fair,
O He who is the most generous of the generous,
O He who is the most merciful of those who show mercy

3- Allah is great in his deeds.

How many days does it take a tailor to sew a garment for a tree or an animal? He must sew such a garment that the garment must also grow as the tree and the animal grow; it must be neither loose nor tight. Even if all of the tailors of the world came together, they would not be able to sew a garment for an ant. However, He clothes millions of plants and animals every moment and shows His name mutakabbir through the greatness in the deed of sewing.

How many days does it take a painter to paint a parrot? It must be such paint that the colors must match; they must not fade or disappear. Even if all of the painters of the world came together, they would not be able to paint a fish swimming in water with irremovable paint. We do not want to think of painting an octopus that can have 7-8 different colors based on the environment it is in. However, Allah paints every creature with most beautiful color and shows his name mutakabbir through the greatness in the deed of painting.

How many people can an administrator direct without any assistants? He must direct them in such a way that he must be aware of all of their situations, hear them and meet their needs. We see a lot of administrators who cannot direct a small community though they have thousands of assistants. Now, have a look at Allah's management; the universe is like a perfect city with its order. Every creature in it is directed with wisdom. Each of them is heard; their needs are met.  Allah shows his name Mutakabbir through the greatness in the deed of directing.  

A carpenter can make a few tables out of a tree. Look at the being who astonishes the minds through His art: He makes thousands of fruits with different colors, tastes, shapes and smells out of the tree. He shows his name Mutakabbir through the greatness in the deed of creating with art.

A sculptor works for months in order to make a sculpture out of stone. However, Allah creates 4 people in a second and 300 thousand people in a day out of a drop of water. They are not lifeless like stone; they are alive. If we consider that in the same second when a human is created, numerous microbes, bacteria, ants, flies, insects and other creatures, and about a million plant species  are created, the name Mutakabbir can be understood a little through the greatness in the deed of creating.

Let us compare those deeds with the deeds of feeding, shaping, giving life and killing, and try to understand Allah's name Mutakabbir a little.

In conclusion, Allah is Mutakabbir due to the magnificence and grandeur of His personality, names and attributes. Allah deems only Himself worthy of magnificence and sublimity.

Since only Allah is Mutakabbir and magnificence belongs to Him only, what a slave needs to do is to listen to the following verse and prostrate due to His magnificence and sublimity in awe and love: 

“Nor walk on the earth with insolence: for thou canst not rend the earth asunder, nor reach the mountains in height.” (al-Isra 37)

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