According to the Quran, how did the Iblis (the Satan) rebellion take place?
In Quran, below are some accounts regarding the Satans rebellion:
And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: "I am creating a mortal from dried, sounding clay, from molded dark mud.When I have fashioned him in due proportions and breathed into him out of My Spirit, then fall down prostrating before him (as a token of respect for him and his superiority)." So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together, But Iblis did not; he refused to be among those who prostrated themselves. (Al-Hijr Surah, 15: 28-31) (1)
(God) said: "O Iblis! What is the matter with you that you are not among those who have prostrated?" (Iblis) said: "I am not one to prostrate myself before a mortal, whom You have created from dried, sounding clay, from molded dark mud." (God) said: "Then get you down out of it; surely You are one rejected (from My mercy).And cursing is upon you until the Day of Judgment." (Al-Hijr Surah, 15: 32-35) (2)
(Iblis) said: "Then, my Lord, grant me respite till the Day when they will all be raised from the dead!" (God) said: "You are of the ones granted respite"(But) until the Day of the appointed time known (to Me) (i.e. the Last Day)." (Iblis said:) "My Lord! Because You have allowed me to rebel and go astray, I will indeed deck out as appealing to them on the earth (the worldly, material dimension of human existence and the path of error), and I will surely cause them all to rebel and go astray, "Except Your servants from among them, endowed with sincerity in faith and Your worship." (Al-Hijr Surah, 15: 36-40) (3)
(Iblis) continued: "Now that You have allowed me to rebel and go astray, I will surely lie in wait for them on Your Straight Path (to lure them from it).Then I will come upon them from before them and from behind them, and from their right and from their left. And You will not find most of them thankful." (Al-Araf Surah, 7: 16-17)
He (God) said: "Go your way! Whoever of them follows you – surely, Hell will be the recompense of you all, a recompense most ample! "Arouse with your (seductive) voice whomever you can from among them, and rally against them with your cavalry and foot soldiers, and be their partner in their wealth and children, and make promises to them. And Satan promises them nothing but deceit. "But as for My (sincere, devoted) servants – you will have no authority over them." And your Lord suffices as protecting guardian (as One on Whom to rely and to Whom all affairs are referred). (Al-Isra Surah, 17: 63-65)
So We said: "O Adam, surely this is an enemy to you and your wife; so let him not drive the two of you out of the Garden, lest you become distressed. Surely it is provided for you that you shall not go hungry therein nor become naked, "And that you shall not go thirsty therein nor suffer the suns heat." (Ta-Ha Surah, 20: 117-119)
But Satan made an evil suggestion, saying: "O Adam, shall I lead you to the tree of everlasting life and a kingdom that will never decay?" (Ta-Ha Surah, 20: 120)
Then Satan made an evil suggestion to both of them that he might reveal to them their private parts that had remained hidden from them (and waken their carnal impulses), and he said: "Your Lord has forbidden you this tree only lest you should become sovereigns, or lest you should become immortals." And he swore to them: "Truly, I am for you a sincere adviser. Thus he led them on by delusion; and when they tasted the tree, their private parts (and all the apparently shameful, evil impulses in their creation) were revealed to them, and both began to cover themselves with leaves from the Garden. And their Lord called out to them: "Did I not prohibit you from that tree, and did I not say to you that Satan is a manifest enemy to you?" They said (straightaway): "Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and do not have mercy on us, we will surely be among those who have lost!" (Al-Araf Surah, 7: 20-23) (4)
But Satan (tempting them to the forbidden tree despite Our forewarning,) caused them both to deflect therefrom and brought them out of the (happy) state in which they were. And We said, "Go down, all of you, (and henceforth you will live a life,) some of you being the enemies of others. There shall be for you on the earth a habitation and provision until an appointed time." (Al-Baqarah Surah, 2:36)
He said: "Go down, (all of you,) (and henceforth you will live a life,) some of you being the enemies of the others. There shall be for you on the earth a habitation and provision until an appointed time." He said: "You will live there, and there you will die, and from it you will be brought forth (on the Day of Resurrection)." (Al-Araf Surah, 7: 24-25) (5)
Iblis rebelled, looked, and still is looking for followers to rebel against Allah Almighty. Unfortunately, the first to pay heed to him in this respect were the father and the mother of mankind: Adam and Eve. However, they repented by saying, They said (straightaway): "Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and do not have mercy on us, we will surely be among those who have lost! (Al-Araf Surah, 7:23) (6) And Allah (SWT) accepted their repentance. On the other hand, the Satan did not repent out of his pride and will suffer for it both in the world and in the Hereafter.
(1) – Al-Hijr, 15:28–31; Al-Baqarah, 2:34, Al-Isra, 17:61; Al-Kahf, 18:50; Sad, 38:71-74.
(2) – Al-Hijr, 15:32-35; Al-Araf, 7:12-13; Sad, 75-78.
(3) – Al-Hijr,15:36-40; Al-Araf, 7:14-15; Sad, 38:79-82.
(4) – Al-Araf, 7:20-23; Ta-ha, 20:121.
(5) – Al-Araf, 7:24-25; Al-Baqarah, 2:36; Ta-ha, 20:123.
(6) – Ta-ha, 20:124-125; Baqarah, 2:38.