Will you give information about the place of the logical reasoning methods in understanding the creation?
Submitted by on Mon, 29/06/2020 - 11:42
Dear Brother / Sister,
7.5. THE PLACE OF LOGICAL REASONING METHODS
in understanding creation*
LEARNING OUTCOMES OF CREATION
The subjects that explain the existence of man that add meaning to creation and that are related to the meaning of life are within the scope of science.
Comparing something with its opposite to understand it is a basic facilitator. For this reason, Logical Reasoning has an important role in understanding existence based on Coincidence/Chance and Design, which are two opposing views. The evolutionist view presents the existence of a chain of similarities in beings, from fish to reptiles and from reptiles to human beings as the greatest evidence of evolution. On the other hand, existence based on design presents the conclusion that the whole universe comes from a single master as proof. This presentation tries to explain by reasoning methods that it is the most plausible option that there should be an external will for the first existence of species.
It is not possible to solve the secrets of the universe by reducing searching the truth to experiment and observation. In that case, reasoning methods should be within the scope of science.
There are 4 methods to search for the truth in science.
1- Experiment and observation, exact science.
2-Reasoning methods, causal relationship.
If one cannot find the results in the first three ways, he finds it with faith.
In the past, the issue of creation was considered a matter of faith. It was not considered a scientific category. It was called a social science that did not enter the laboratory, had nothing to do with experiment and observation. Even when religion was mentioned, they used to say religion was a social need. In fact, it was wrong to confine religion to a certain area. Religion is not only a social sphere but also an area of existence. Religion is a need related to existence. Man exists to understand existence, the meaning of life. When man is genetically examined, we see that there are 4 metacognitive genes that differentiate him from other living beings. One of the characteristics of one of these genes is that it is the meaningfulness gene. No living being except man asks the question “Why? An animal gives the same response, the same behavior to every event. Man responses differently to each event. And why is that? Because man has free will. The search for meaning is an important metacognitive characteristic in man. Another characteristic is the existence ofnovelty search gene in man. Man does not build his house like a house 1000 years ago, but an ant, a spider, etc. build the same house even after 1000 years pass. Sincenovelty search gene exists in man, evolution is also an important characteristic in man.
The next gene is related to the concept of time. No being except man questions the future and the past. The other beings do not ask the question, “What will happen to my children in the future?”
The fourth one is the genetic code related to death and death consciousness. Research is continuing about those genes and various evidence have accumulated about their existence. In such a case, man assumes religion as a social space that makes him relax and tries to make him happy. However, the subjects that explain the existence of man that add meaning to creation and that are related to the meaning of life are within the scope of science.
There are 4 methods to search for the truth in science. The first one is experiment and observation, exact science. The second is reasoning methods, causal relationship. The third is intuitions. In some people, intuition is of particular importance. There are even studies called “neurobiology of intuition”. They find the truth with intuition.
The fourth one is faiths. If one cannot find the results in the first three ways, he finds it with faith (Table 1).
4 ways to reach the truth;
1.Experiment and observation,
Why in its scope? That is how theoretical physics came out. In theoretical physics; they first said, “It should be particle physics”. Those interested in nuclear physics found it theoretically. The MRI device came out 30-40 years later. MRI is the concrete form of theoretical physics. Theoretically, the way in which electrons rotate is seen in MRI. It came our theoretically and proved scientifically. Therefore, reasoning methods are the most important methods of science. We use it in psychiatry too. Logical reasoning is a method that tests one’s decision, attention, memory, and vision, hearing and memory processes related to it. These methods can be used to understand creation (Table 2).
- “Reasoning” What is logical reasoning?
- Rules of thinking correctly.
- Definition, postulate, theorem, reasoning and proving.
- Causality, difference, similarity, timing, classifying, planning, analysis, interpretation, abstraction, ability.
*It was published beforehand (ÂdemTatlı, Hasan Akan, İsmail Kocaçalışkan, İdris Görmez. Felsefenin Dilinden Yaratılış. Akder Yayınları, 2018, pp.19-32).
Questions on Islam
- Will you give information about reasoning methods with examples?
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