Why does Allah say "He is the most merciful", instead of "I am the most merciful" in the Qur'an? Why does He use the third person pronoun and sometimes the second person pronoun?
Submitted by on Thu, 12/08/2010 - 02:36
Dear Brother / Sister,
It is one of the miraculous stylistic features of the Qur’an, which is colorful and which does not make people bored. The Qur’an does not follow a certain style which people are accustomed to. It recounts the events with different tense modes and personal pronouns.
For example, God uses His names “Allah”, “Rahman” when He mentions Himself and sometimes, He uses the pronouns “I” and “He” and sometimes while talking about an important matter or in order to state that He is able to manage things like “Doomsday”, He uses the pronoun “We” as an expression of power. He uses the third person pronoun and sometimes the second person pronoun depending on the context and the subject. For instance, in the first verses of the surah Al-Fatiha, after Allah is praised using the third personal pronoun, with the expression of “iyyaka”, the second singular pronoun is used. Allah, who is praised, is supplicated and prayed to as if He is in front of the person praying.
In the description of the situation of the Doomsday in the Qur’an, the situation in Paradise and Hell is recounted with past tense mode to emphasize the certainty. There are a lot of examples in the Qur’an, which is called the art of changing the person addressed in literature.
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