What is the decree for performing salah in congregation according to the madhhabs?

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What is the decree for performing salah in congregation according to the madhhabs?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

From the time of our Prophet (s.a.w) to now, salah has been performed in congregation because of its high virtue; the mosques built for this purpose have been a social institution along with the other functions they carry out.

Salah in congregation is sunnah al-muakkada according to Hanafi Madhhab;  it is fard al-kifaya - sunnah al-muakkada- according to Shafi’i Madhhab; according to Maliki madhhab, it is sunnah al-muakkada- fard al-kifaya; it isfard al-’ayn according to Hanbali Madhhab and Dawud az-Zahiri. (Tajrid as-Sarih Translation, II, 604).

Someone who is a member of Hanbali Madhhab has to perform salah in congregation if he has no excuse. However, congregation is not essential for the validity of the salah. That is, if someone performs his/her salah alone, his/her salah is valid.

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