What are the states of being damned/cursed by Allah, His Prophet or His angels?

Details of the Question

- What are the states of a person being damned/cursed by Allah, His Prophet or His angels in the light of verses and hadiths? Is it not possible for a person who has been damned to be saved?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

It is possible to list the states in which a person is clearly expressed to be damned/cursed as follows: 

Those who are damned/cursed according to verses:

- The state of unbelief/denial (al-Baqara, 2/88-89, 161; an-Nisa, 4/46; al-Ahzab, 33/64),

- Being an apostate/rejecting faith after accepting it (Aal-i Imran, 3/86-87),

- Denying Islam (for the People of the Book) (an-Nisa, 4/47),

- Killing a believer intentionally (an-Nisa, 4/93),

- Supporting sorcery and evil, preferring unbelievers to believers (an-Nisa, 4/51-52),

- Annoying Allah and His Messenger (al-Ahzab, 33/57),

- Becoming a munafiq (hypocrite), a mushrik (polytheist), causing mischief (Muhammad, 47/22-23; al-Fath, 48/6),

- Concealing the clear signs in the Quran (al-Baqara, 2/159),

- Disobeying and persisting in excesses (al-Maida, 5/78),

- Doing wrong/oppressing (al-A'raf, 7/44; Hud, 11/18; al-Mumin, 40/ 52),

- Working mischief in the land, cutting asunder those things which Allah has commanded to be joined (ar-Rad, 13/25),

- Telling lies (Aal-i Imran, 3/61; an-Nur, 24/7),

- Slandering chaste women (an-Nur, 24/23).

Those who are damned/cursed according to hadiths:

- Pointing a piece of iron at his (believing) brother (to scare him) (Tirmidhi, Fitan, 4),

- Those who are cursed due to alcoholic drinks: The one who squeezes (the grapes etc.), the one for whom it is squeezed, the one who sells it, the one who buys it, the one who carries it, the one to whom it is carried, the one who consumes its price, the one who drinks it and the one who pours it (Ibn Majah, Ashriba, 6),

- Those who are cursed due to riba (interest); the one who consumes riba, and the one who charges it, those who witnesses it, and the one who records (Tirmidhi, Buyu’, 2),

- The one who gives bribe, the one who takes bribe (Tirmidhi),

- Men who are in the similitude (assume the manners) of women and those women who are in the similitude (assume the manners) of men (Bukhari, Libas, 61),

- A person who steals (Bukhari, Hudud, 7, 13; Muslim; Hudud, 7),

- A person who worship gold and silver (money) (Tirmidhi, Zuhd, 42).

There are many other bad attributes that have been cursed; we regard the ones above enough to mention here.

Being cursed/damned means being away from Allah’s mercy. Being cursed means confusing the way of mercy in the world and deviating from the true path. It means being blind spiritually and not seeing the truth, being deaf spiritually and not hearing the truth, being dumb spiritually and not telling the truth.

Those who have one or more of the attributes listed above revolt against Allah with their own free will and they alienate themselves from Allah’s door of mercy. The doors of mercy are closed to them as a penalty for what they have done. Their hearts, minds, eyes, ears and tongues cannot reach the truth; the spiritual way is completely closed to them.

It can be said that every way of unbelief, polytheism and rebellion is a kind of way of damnation. However, the concept of cursing/damning is clearly expressed in the Quran in order to emphasize some rebellions. Other rebellions are condemned implicitly.

The door of repentance is always open in Islam. It is open for those who give up all kinds of sins and rebellions. Every unbelief, rebellion and sin means to move away from Allah’s mercy and to be cursed. The door of repentance is open for the people who are clearly cursed in the Quran as well as for all unbelievers.

There is no sin that will not be forgiven after one has repented. However, we cannot know whether a sin will be forgiven or not. If Allah wishes, He will forgive after repentance. It is necessary for the repentance to comply with the conditions of the acceptance of repentance so that it might be forgiven.

Allah states that He will forgive the repentance that complies with the conditions of the acceptance of repentance:

"Say: ‘O my Servants who have transgressed against their souls! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah: for Allah forgives all sins: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.’" (az-Zumar, 39/53)

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