We keep a cat in our flat. Is it permissible to spay or castrate domestic cats?

Details of the Question
We keep a cat in our flat. Is it permissible to spay or castrate domestic cats?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

It is not permissible to spay or castrate animals in general if it is not useful for them and if it can harm them.

However, the case for cats and other pets kept in houses is different. When these animals come together with animals outside, they may catch various illnesses and their lifespan gets shorter due to those diseases. 

It is said that solutions like spaying and castrating benefit them rather than harming them and lengthen their lifespan.Therefore, it should be permissible to spay or castrate those animals based on the principle of "protecting them from the harms they can suffer and benefitting them".

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