Is it a sin to eat and drink when one is junub?
I have learned that a junub person should wash his hands and mouth before eating or drinking anything. What is the decree about it? Is it a sin to eat and drink without making ghusl? If it is makruh, is it makruh tahrimi or tanzihi?
Submitted by on Wed, 23/12/2020 - 14:40
Dear Brother / Sister,
A junub person cannot do certain deeds of worship like performing prayers and reading the Qur'an. Therefore, he should try to get rid of the state of janabah, which prevents him from worshiping by making ghusl as soon as possible.
It is regarded mustahab for a person who wants to eat and drink, sleep, or have a sexual intercourse again when he is junub to make wudu by Shafii, Hanbali and some Maliki scholars who take the practice of the Prophet regarding the issue into consideration. As for Hanafis, they state that there is no drawback to sleeping or having a sexual intercourse again without making wudu, and that it is mustahab to wash the hands and the mouth before eating or drinking. (For hadiths, see Bukhari, Ghusl, 27; Abu Dawud, Taharah 88)
It is thawab to do something that is mustahab but it is not a sin to abandon it.
Accordingly, it is not a sin for a junub person to eat and drink before washing his hands and mouth, though it is makruh tanzihi.
On the other hand, the state of janabah does not prevent activities that do not require special cleaning like ghusl and wudu. As a matter of fact, the Prophet (pbuh) states that a believer cannot be impure (materially dirty) by being junub. (Bukhari, Ghusl, 23)
However, it is haram for a junub person to delay making ghusl so much as to miss one fard prayer; it is regarded makruh tanzihi for him to eat and drink without washing his hands and mouth.
Therefore, unless there is something compulsory, one should make wudu immediately, and wash and clean himself as soon as possible.
Note: There is no drawback to a woman who is in menstruation period or in puerperium to eat and drink without washing her hands and mouth. For, it is not necessary for a woman who is in such a state to make ghusl as long as that state continues.
Questions on Islam
- Issues related to ghusl
- Why is being janabah haram forbidden? Why are men regarded dirty? Is it haram for a junub person to eat and drink?
- Does breaking wind or leakage like madhi coming out while making ghusl invalidate ghusl?
- When is it necessary to make ghusl after being junub? How is ghusl made?
- Does it prevent wudu to make a pause while making wudu? Does it harm wudu if a person wears his sock after washing his right foot and before washing his left foot?
- What is Wudu (Ablution)?
- Can we eat and drink when we are junub (religiously unclean)?
- How did the Prophet (pbuh) make ghusl? How much water did he use and how much time did he spend making ghusl?
- How to make ghusl?