Issues related to ghusl

All kinds of worshipping can be performed by ghusl, which is also called full ablution. In wudu, only certain organs are washed but in ghusl, the whole organs are washed and the body is cleaned more in wudu. All kinds of prayers and worshipping can be performed after making ghusl until wudu is broken. When wudu is broken, the validity of ghusl for performing prayers ends; thus, it becomes necessary to make wudu for worshipping. 

* Does any flow of liquid like urine, blood, etc that invalidates wudu come out of the body of a person who has to make ghusl while making wudu invalidate ghusl?

The flow of liquid during ghusl does not invalidate ghusl but it invalidates the quality of ghusl for wudu. That is, it is valid and it ends the state of janabah but one cannot perform prayers with it. It becomes necessary to make wudu in order to perform prayers with it. Ghusl is valid.

In other words, everything that invalidates ghusl invalidates wudu, too. However, not everything that invalidates wudu invalidates ghusl. Therefore, any flow of liquid coming from the urinary tract, a wound, etc or blood coming from the teeth, etc while making ghusl do not invalidate ghusl. The ghusl made together with that kind of flow is valid but it is not valid as wudu for performing prayers. 

* Does a person who realizes after he makes ghusl that he has forgotten to wash his mouth, nose or any other organ have to make ghusl again?

No. He has to wash only the place that he has not washed. 

* In some houses, the toilet and the bathroom are in the same place. Is it permissible to make ghusl in such bathrooms?

It is permissible to make ghusl in places where there is a toil or closet. 

* What should a person who has to make ghusl do if he wants to eat or drink something before ghusl?

A person who has to make ghusl should delay eating or drinking after ghusl if possible. However, if he needs to eat, he should wash parts of his body that will touch the food, that is, his hands and mouth, and then he should eat and drink.

Accordingly, a person who cannot find enough time to make ghusl before eating sahur (meal eaten before dawn on the day of fasting) should wash his hands and mouth before eating. Then, he can make ghusl. He does not have to do without eating sahur because he has to make ghusl. 

* Is it appropriate to remove the hair on the body when one is junub?

The hair on the body should be removed or shaved when one is clean. That is the appropriate way.

However, if a person removes the hair on his body when he is junub and makes ghusl after that, his ghusl will be valid. 

How many kinds of ghusl are there?

There are 3 kinds of ghusl: 

I. Fard ghusls:

It is fard to make ghusl after the state of janabah, menstruation and puerperium. 

II. Sunnah ghusls:

1 – It is sunnah to make ghusl for the Friday prayer.

As it is stated by the Prophet, Friday is the Master of the Days, that is, the most honorable and virtuous day. It is also a feast day for Muslims. The Messenger of Allah advised his ummah insistently to make ghusl on Friday to apply perfume and then to go to mosque.

Making ghusl on Thursday or Friday morning will be regarded as fulfilling the sunnah. The scholars regarded the ghusl for Friday prayer as sunnah al-muakkada taking into consideration the plenitude of the hadiths regarding the issue and the insistent advice of the Prophet on it. The bodily cleaning like having a hair cut, removing the hair on the body, trimming the nails is advised to be done on Friday.  

3 – It is also sunnah to make ghusl for eid prayers.

3 – It is sunnah to make ghusl while entering ihram for hajj and umrah. This ghusl is for spiritual cleaning rather than material cleaning; therefore, women who are in menstruation or puerperium can make this ghusl. If there is no water, tayammum is not made instead of this ghusl.

4 – It is sunnah for hajjis to make ghusl for wuquf (standing) in Arafat on the day of Arafa. 

III. Mandub or mustahab (recommended) ghusls:

1 – It is mandub for a person who becomes a Muslim but who is not in the state of janabah, menstruation or puerperium to make ghusl.

2 – It is mandub for a girl or boy who has reached the age of 15 but has not physically reached puberty to make ghusl.

3 – To make ghusl for a person who faints after recovering… This ghusl is made to thank Allah for recovery.

4 – To make ghusl after donating blood or being cupped.

5 – To make ghusl before washing a dead person.

6 – To make ghusl in order to worship on holy nights like Laylat al-Barat and Laylat al-Qadr.

7 – To make ghusl for wuquf at Muzdalifa and staying in Mina for hajjis.

8 – To make ghusl in order to enter Makkah or Madinah to show respect to those holy places.

9 – To make ghusl during the solar and lunar eclipse for the prayers of kusuf and khusuf.

10 – To make ghusl for the rain prayer.

11 – It is mandub for a person who has returned from a journey or a person who has changed his underwear.

12 – To make ghusl for the prayer of khawf (fear) performed during disasters and misfortunes.

13 – It is mandub for a person who wants to repent from his sins to make ghusl.

14 – A woman who starts to have menstruation just after being junub can make ghusl if she wishes. She can delay making ghusl to the end of the period of menstruation if she wishes.

15 – It is mandub for a man who has a sexual intercourse with his wife to make wudu or ghusl when he wants to have a second sexual intercourse.

16 – It is mandub for a junub person to hurry in order to make ghusl without delaying. A junub person can delay making ghusl just before the end of the time limit for a prayer but he is recommended to make ghusl without delaying much.

Sunnah and mustahab ghusls are made only for body cleaning or showing respect; therefore, it is not fard to wash the mouth and the nose. 

* According to Shafiis, all of the ghusls other than fard ghusls are sunnah.

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